McAULAY, John. (reg No. 764).
Sergeant. 1st Battalion, Scots Guards.
London Gazetted on 11th January 1918.
Born on 27th December, 1888 at Kinghorn, Fife, Scotland.
Died on 14th January, 1956 at Glasgow.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
Sergeant McAulay assumed command of his company on 27th November 1917, when all his officers had become casualties. Under heavy shell and machine-gun fire, the company attacked, held and consolidated the objectives gained. Reorganising the company,cheering and encouraging his men on, Sergeant Macaulay, under heavy fire at close quarters, showed great disregard for danger. A counter attack, which developed on his exposed left flank, was repulsed successfully by skilful use of the machine guns, aided by his men they caused heavy enemy casualties. Sergeant McAulay carried his Commander, Lieutenant Kincaird, who was mortally wounded, under extremely heavy fire, for 500 yards to a place of safety..
Additional information:. Sergeant McAulay also held the Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM).
He was the eldest son of John and Isabella McAulay, of Kinghorn, Fife. He was educated at Plean, Stirlingshire, after which, he began work as a miner. He joined the Glasgow Northern Police Force and at the time of the outbreak of the European War (WW 1) he was a sergeant in that force
On the 3rd September, 1914 he joined the Scots Guards as a Private, serving with distinction.. On 13th July 1917, he cleared pillboxes at Ypres and accounted for several snipers, single-handed. For this action he was ordered the DCM.


McBEAN, William. (Reg. No. 765)
Lieutent/Adjutant 93rd Regiment (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders)
VC London Gazetted on 24th December 1858.
Born on: 1st January 1818 at Inverness, Scotland.
Died on: 23rd June 1878 at Shooter's Hill, London.
Memorial at: Edinburgh (Grave)
Digest of Citation reads:
On 11 March 1858 at Lucknow, India, Lieutenant McBean killed 11 of the enemy with his own hand in the main breach of the Begum Bagh.
Additional Information: During his army career he held every rank from Private to Major General.
He was a ploughman from Inverness until he joined the Army. He was continually barracked by the drill instructors for having a 'rolling gait'. He is said to have been asked by a friend to take the Corporal behind the canteen and give him a hiding. He replied "Toot toots man, that would ne'er do. I intend to be in command of this regiment before I leave it. It would be an ill beginning to be brought before the Colonel for thrashing the drill Corporal."
He was commissioned as Ensign on the 10th of August 1854 and promoted to Lieutenant the following 8th of December. He served in the Crimea from Christmas Day 1854 and was at the Siege and the Fall of Sebastopol, taking part in the assaults on the 18th of June and the 8thof September. He was actively involved in the Expedition to the Sea Of Azov and in the capture of Kertch and Yenicale. He collected the Medal, 5th Class, with clasp, of Medjidie as well as the Turkish Medal.
He also served through the Indian Mutiny (1857-58)
When he was commended on the action that won him the VC he commented, "It didna' tak me twenty minutes."



McBEATH, Robert. (reg No. 766).
Lance-Corporal. 1st/5th Battalion. Seaforth Highlanders *.
London Gazetted on 11th January 1918.
Born on the 22nd December, 1897 at:Kinlochbervie, Laing, Sutherland, Scotland.
Died on 9th October 1922 at Vancouver in Canada.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads.
To the west of Canbrai, France, on 20th November 1917, the advance was checked by a nest of machine guns resulting in heavy casualties. Lance-Corporal McBeath moved off alone, after volunteering to deal with this situation,: armed with a Lewis gun and a revolver. Discovering that several other machine guns were also in action, with the assistance of a tank he attacked them driving the Gunners to ground in a deep dug- out. Lance-Corporal McBeath rushed in after them shooting the first man he saw. He then forced the remainder out, capturing three officers and 30 men .
* Duke of Albany's Ross-shire Buffs

.McCARTHY, Lawrence Dominic. (reg No. 767).
Lieutenant. 16th Battalion * Australian Imperial Force.
London Gazetted on 14th December, 1918.
Born on 21st January 1892 at York, Western Australia.
Died on 25th May 1975 at Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia.
Memorials at Springvale Crematorium, Melbourne and on the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia.
Digest of Citation reads:
On the morning of 23rd August 1918, near Madam Wood, to the east of Vermandovillers, France, the battalion having achieved its objective without serious opposition, met opposition on its left flank from well-placed machine guns. Realising the situation, Lieutenant McCarthy led the engagement on the nearest machine-gun post, but the attacking troops still failed to get forward. Lieutenant: McCarthy left his men to continue their fire whilst he, with two others, crossing quickly over open ground came upon the block. Having outdistanced the other two, despite serious opposition, he alone captured the gun and continued to fight his way along the trench, inflicting extremely heavy casualties and capturing three more guns. He was 700 yards away from his original starting-point and was joined by one of his men. Together they bombed up the trench until they met up with another adjoining unit. Lieutenant McCarthy during this advance had killed 20 of the enemy single-handed, captured five machine guns and taken 50 prisoners. His action saved a critical situation, thus preventing many casualties. It was partly because of his determination, that the final objective was taken.
*Southern and Western Australian Battalion.


McCORRIE*, Charles. (reg. No.768).
Private 57th Regiment (later The Middlesex Regiment -- Duke of Cambridge's Own).
London Gazetted on 24th February 1857.
Born in 1830 at Killeard, Co. Antrim, Ireland
Died on 8th April 1857 at Malta.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 23 June 1855 in the Crimea, Private McCorrie threw over the parapet, a live shell which had been thrown from the enemy's battery.

McCREA, John Frederick. (reg No. 769).
Surgeon. 1st Cape Mounted Yeomanry. South African Forces.
London Gazetted on 28th June 1881.
Born on 2nd April 1854 at St Peter's Port, Guernsey, Channel Islands.
Died on 16th July 1894 Kokstad, East Griqualand. South Africa.
Memorial on grave at Kokstad Cemetery, East Griqualand, South Africa.
Digest of Citation reads:
At Tweefontein in Basutoland, South Africa on the 14th in January 1881 a fierce enemy attack had the burghers driven back, 16 of them being killed and 21 wounded. Being the only doctor present and himself wounded in the breastbone which he attended to himself, Surgeon McRae took the casualties into shelter, continuing to attend to their wounded throughout the day. There is no doubt that the suffering would have been greater and an increased loss of life had it not been for the devotion to duty of Surgeon McRae.


McCUDDEN, John Thomas Byrford. (reg No. 770).
Captain. 56 Squadron, Royal Flying Corps. (General List).
London Gazetted on 2nd April, 1918.
Born on 28th March 1895 at Gillingham, Kent.
Killed on 9th July 1918 at Marquise, France whilst leaving to take command of a new squadron..
Memorial on grave at Wavans British Cemetery, France, also at Sheerness Parish Church and on the War Memorial at Gillingham, Kent.
Digest of Citation reads:
From August 1917 to March 1918, whilst on aerial patrols, Captain McCudden showed great devotion to duty by his perseverance and conspicuous bravery. He exercised his most exceptional skills not only in the way he attacked, destroying the enemy, but in the protection of the newer members of his flight, this way ensuring minimal casualties. He had disposed of 57 enemy aircraft by March 1918, some of them single-handed, others by leading his patrols into action. On 16th February 1918, during the morning patrol, he brought down three two-seater aircraft and on his second patrol accanted for a fourth.
Additional information: . . Major McCudden also held the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) and Bar; the Military Cross (MC) and Bar and the Military Medal (M M).
More to be added.

McDERMOND, John. (reg No. 771).
Private. 47th Regiment *.
London Gazetted on 24th February, 1857.
Born in 1832 at Clackmannan, Scotland.
Died on 22nd July 1868 in Glasgow.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
At the Battle of Inkerman in the Crimea, on 5th November 1854, Private McDermond rushed to the rescue of Colonel Haly of the 17th Regiment who was lying wounded and surrounded by Russians. Private McDermond killed the man who had wounded the Colonel and thus saved the officers life.
* Loyal North Lancashire Regiment.
Additional information:
See also Captain Hugh Rowlands VC (reg No. 1085).


McDONALD, Henry. (reg No. 772).
Colour Sergeant. Corps of Royal Engineers.
London Gazetted on 2ndJune 1858.
Born on 28th May 1823 at Inverness, Scotland.
Died on 15th February, 1893 at Glasgow.
Memorial on Western Necropolis, Glasgow.
Colour-Sergeant McDonald, on 19th April 1855 at Sebastopol,in the Crimea, acted with extreme gallantry whilst engaged in accomplishing a lodgement in the Russians rifle pits in front of the left advance of the Right Attack. Colour-Sergeant McDonald took command, when the Engineer officers were badly wounded, and despite the repeated attacks of the enemy he persisted in his determination in carrying on the Sap
Additional information:. Henry McDonald was made a Honorary Captain.

McDONELL, William Fraser. (reg No. 773).
Mr. Bengal Civil Service.
London Gazetted on 17th February, 1860. Time
Born on 17th December 1829 at Cheltenham, Gloucestershire.
Died on 31st July 1894 at Cheltenham, Gloucestershire.
Memorial on grave at St Peter's Churchyard, Leckhampton, Cheltenham.
Digest of Citation reads:
During the retreat from Arrah, India, on 30th July 1857, Mr McDonell, along with 35 soldiers, were hoping to escape in a boat, but the rebels had removed the oars and tied the rudder to the side of the boat. Climbing out of the boat, under unceasing fire from the rebels, Mr McDonell, with extreme difficulty, managed to cut through the cord or ropes securing the rudder. Then guiding the boat himself, aided by a light breeze, crossed the river to safety.

McDOUGALL, John. (reg No. 774).
Private. 44th Regiment *.
London Gazetted on 13th August, 1861.
Born in 1840 at Old Town, Edinburgh, Scotland.
Died on 10th March 1869 at Edinburgh, Scotland.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
At the Taku Forts in China, on 21st August 1860, Private McDougall along with his officer, Lieutenant Rogers (reg No. 1078) and an officer of the 67th Regiment, Lieutenant Lenon (reg No. 737), displayed great gallantry by entering the North Taku Fort by a small opening in the parapet, after swimming across the ditches. They were the first of the English to be established on the walls of the fort. Lieutenant Rogers was the first through followed next by Private Mc Dougall, then Lieutenant Lenon.
Additional information:. John McDougall died at the young age of 29.

McDOUGALL, Stanley Robert. (reg No. 775).
Sergeant. 47th Battalion. * Australian Imperial Force.
London Gazetted on 3rd May 1918.
Born on 23rd July, 1890 Recherche, Tasmania.
Died on 7th July 1968 at Hobart, Tasmania.
Memorial at Northwood Crematorium, Mitchell, Tasmania and on the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia.
Digest of Citation reads:
At Dernancourt, France, on 28th March 1918, an enemy attack succeeded in securing a foothold in the Allied line. Sergeant McDougall, single-handed, charged the second wave, killing seven of the enemy and capturing a machine gun which he used on the attacking force, routing them and causing many casualties. When his ammunition ran out, he siezed a bayonet and charged on again, killing three men and an officer. He killed several more of the enemy, using a Lewis gun, causing 33 prisoners to be captured. Through his prompt action, the enemy advance was stopped, thus saving the line.
* Queensland.
Additional information:. Sergeant McDougall also held the Military Medal (MM).

MacDOWELL, Thain Wendell. (reg No. 776).
Captain. 38th Ottawa Battalion. Eastern Ontario Regiment, Canadian Expeditionary Force.
London Gazetted on 8th June 1917.
Born 16th September 1890 at Lachute, Quebec, Canada.
Died on 29th March 1960 at Nassau, Bahamas.
Memorial on grave * at Oakland Cemetery, Brockville, Ontario, Canada.
Digest of Citation reads:
At Vimy Ridge, France on 9th April 1917, Captain MacDowell, aided by two runners, was able to capture two machine guns, under extreme difficulty, and also capturing two officers and 23 men. He continued to hold the new position for five days, even though wounded in the hand, and in spite of heavy shellfire, until the battalion ultimately came to their relief..
* Richardson plot.
Additional information:. Colonel MacDowell also held the Distinguished Service Order (DSO).

McFADZEAN, William Frederick. (reg No. 777).
Private. 14th Battalion. Royal Irish Rifles.
London Gazetted on 8th June 1917.
Born on 9th October 1895 at Lurgan, County Armagh, Ireland.
Killed in action on 1st July 1916, by Thiepval Wood, France.
Memorial on Thiepval Memorial, France, and at Newtonbeda Presbyterian Church, Belfast, Northern Ireland.
In a concentration trench, near Thiepval Wood, France on the 1st July 1916, a box of bombs was being opened, ready for an attack. The box slipped down into the trench, which was occupied by many troops, and two safety pins fell out of the bombs. Private McFadzean at once realised the danger to his comrades and threw courageously on top of the bombs, which exploded, causing him to be blown to pieces. His heroism resulted in only one other casualty.. Being a bomber himself, Private McFadzean was well aware of the danger but, in spite of this, he gave his life for his comrades.

McGAW, Samuel. (reg No. 778).
Lance-Sergeant. 42nd Regiment *
London Gazetted on 28th March, 1874.
Born in 1838 at Kirkmichael, Ayrshire, Scotland.
Died suddenly from sun-stroke on 22nd July, 1878 at Larnaca, Cyprus.
Memorial on grave in English Cemetery, Kyrenia, Cyprus.
Digest of Citation reads:
During the Ashanti War at the Battle of Amoaful, West Africa, on 21st January 1874, Lance- Sergeant McGaw led his section through the bush in a most outstanding manner, continuing to do so throughout the day, in spite of wounds received early in the action.
* the Black Watch (Royal Highlanders).



McGEE, Lewis. (reg No. 779).
Sergeant. 14th Battalion * Australian Imperial Force.
London Gazetted on 26th November, 1917.
Born on 13th May 1888 at Ross, Tasmania.
Killed in action 13th October 1917 at Passchendaele, Belgium.
Memorial on grave at Tyne Cot Cemetery, Passchendaele, Belgium and on the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia..
Digest of Citation reads:
To the east of Ypres, Belgium, on the 4th October 1917, Sergeant McGee's Platoon was stopped by machine gun fire from a pill box, and they were suffering badly. Armed with only a revolver, the sergeant rushed at the post, shooting some members of the crew, capturing the remainder. This enabled the advance to continue. Sergeant McGee reorganised what was left of his platoon, doing outstanding work whilst consolidating his position. The success of the operation was largely due to Sergeant McGee's coolness and bravery.
* Tasmania

McGOVERN, John. (reg No. 780).
Private. 1st Bengal Fusiliers *
London Gazetted on 18th June, 1859.
Born on 16th May 1825 at Temple Port, County Covan, Ireland.
Died on the 22nd November, 1888 at Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
At Delhi, in India, on 23rd June 1857, Private McGovern showed conspicuous gallantry throughout the whole of these operations. He carried a wounded comrade, under very severe enemy fire, and at the risk of his own life, safely into the camp.
* Royal Munster Fusiliers.
More to add.

McGREGOR, David Stewart. (reg No. 781).
Lieutenant. 6th Battalion. Royal Scots* Also 29th Battalion. Machine Gun Corps
London Gazetted on 14th December, 1918.
Born the 16th October, 1895 at Edinburgh, Scotland.
Killed in action on the 22nd October, 1918 at Hoogemolen, Belgium.
Memorial on grave at Staceghem Communal Cemetery, Belgium.
Digest of Citation reads:
At Hoogemolen, Belgium, on the 22nd October 1918, Lieutenant MacGregor was in command of a section of machine guns attached to the right flank of the assaulting Battalion. He concealed his gun's, on a limber, under the bank of a sunken road, but immediately the troops advanced they were subjected to enfilade fire from enemy machine guns. He realised that he could not get the guns carried forward without some delay. He ordered the teams to take a safer route, whilst he lay flat on the limber. The driver then galloped forward, for about 600 yards, under extremely heavy machine-gun fire. The driver, the horses and the limber were all hit. Lieutenant MacGregor succeeded, after getting the guns into action, in effectively subduing the enemy fire, allowing the advance to continue. In order to direct the fire of his gun's, he continually exposed himself, to the enemy. He worked like this for about an hour, until he was killed.

McGREGOR, John. (reg No. 782).
Captain. 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles. 1st Central Ontario Regiment. Canadian Expeditionary Force.
London Gazetted on 6th January, 1919.
Born 1st February 1889 at Cawdor, Nairn, Scotland.
Died on 9th June 1952 at Powell River, British Columbia, Canada.
Memorial on grave at Cranberry Lake Cemetery, Powell's River, British Columbia. Canada.
Digest of Citation reads:
Between 29th September and the 3rd October 1918 near Cambrai in France, Captain MacGregor led his company under continuous heavy fire. Although he was wounded, he located and terminated the action of the enemy machine-guns which were preventing Allied progress. He killed four men and took eight prisoners. He reorganised his company and continued the advance under heavy fire and against stubborn resistance. Later, after personally making a daylight reconnaissance under extremely heavy fire, he consolidated his company in Neuville St. Remy thus assisting the advance forward and into Tilloy.
Additional information:. Lieutenant Colonel MacGregor also held the Military Cross (MC) and Ba, the Distinguished Conduct Medal ( DCM) and the ED(?)


McGREGOR, Roderick. (reg No. 783).
Private. 1st Battalion. Prince Consort's Own Rifle Brigade.
London Gazetted on 24th February, 1857.
Born in 1824 at Inverness, Scotland.
Died on 10th August 1888 at Buntoit, Urquhart, Inverness-shire, Scotland.
Memorial on the Rifle Brigade Memorial, Winchester Cathedral.
Digest of Citation reads:
At the Quarries, in the Crimea, on 22nd April 1855, whilst fetching water from a well situated in front of the trench, a bandsman was killed. Determined to drive away the Russian Riflemen from the pits that they occupied, several men rushed out. Private McGregor and two others were first on the scene and drove the Russians out, killing some. Three months later, in July, Private McGregor, as a sharpshooter, was in the advance trenches before Sebastopol. Under heavy fire he traversed an open space, then taking cover under a rock, he dislodged two Russians that were occupying a rifle pit.

McGUFFIE, Louis. (reg No. 784).
Sergeant. 1st/5th Battalion. King's Own Scottish Borderers.
London Gazetted on 14th December, 1918.
Born on 15th March 1893 at Wigtown, Scotland.
Killed in action on 4th October, 1980 at Wyteschaete, Belgium.
Memorial on grave at Zandvoorde British Cemetery, Belgium.
Digest of Citation reads:
During an advance near Wytschaete, Belgium, on 28th September 1918, Sergeant McGuffie single-handed, searched many dug-outs and took several prisoners. In the operations that followed he dealt similarly with many more dug-outs, resulting in one officer and 25 other ranks surrendering to him. Whilst consolidating the first objective, he pursued and returned with several of the enemy who had slipped away. Some British troops were being led away as prisoners by the enemy and Private McGuffie was significant in their rescue. Later in the day, whilst in command of a platoon, he took many more prisoners.

McGUIRE, James. (reg No. 785).
Sergeant. 1st Bengal Fusiliers *.
London Gazetted on 24th December, 1858.
Born in 1827 at Enniskillen, Ireland.
Died on 22nd December 1862 at Londonderry, Ireland.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
When the troops were waiting at the Kabul Gate at Delhi, in India, on 14th September 1857, Reserve ammunition was being carried on to the ramparts to be placed in a small magazine. Before it could be safely stored, three boxes exploded and two boxes were set on fire by enemy shot. Sergeant McGuire and Drummer Ryan (reg No. 1095) of the ammunition guard, being aware of the danger of the fire spreading, seized the two burning boxes, then threw them over the ramparts into the canal. This courageous action saved many lives.
* Royal Munster Fusiliers.

McHALE, Patrick. (reg No. 786).
Private. 1st Battalion. 5th Regiment *
London Gazetted on 19th June 1860.
Born in 1826 at Killala, County Mayo, Ireland.
Died on 26th October 1866 at Shorncliff, Kent.
Memorial on grave at Shorncliff Militia Cemetery, Kent.
Digest of Citation reads:
At Lucknow, India, on 2nd October 1857, Private McHale was the first man at the capture of one of the guns at the Cawnpore Battery. On 22nd December, he was the first to take possession of one of the guns which had sent several rounds of grape shot through his company. Private McHale was the first to meet the enemy on every occasion of attack, causing so much consternation by the boldness of his attack on each occasion that those who followed him had little to do. His continual bravery and daring made him a legend among his comrades.
* Northumberland Fusiliers.

McINNES, Hugh. (reg No. 787).
Gunner. Bengal Artillery.
London Gazetted on 24th December 1858.
Born in October 1815 at Anderston, Glasgow.
Died on 7th December, 1879 at Glasgow.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
During the period 14th and the 22nd November 1857, Gunner McInnes showed the most conspicuous gallantry at the time of the Relief of Lucknow, India.
He was elected to receive the Victoria Cross under Rule 13 of the Royal Warrant of 1856.


McINTOSH, George Imlach. (reg No. 788).
Private. 1st/ 6th Battalion. Gordon Highlanders.
London Gazetted on 6th September, 1917.
Born on 24th April 1897 at Buckie, Banff, Scotland.
Died on 20th June 1968 at Aberdeen, Scotland.
Memorial on grave at new cemetery, Buckie, Banff, Scotland.
Digest of Citation reads:
During the consolidation of a position at Ypres, Belgium on 31st July 1917, Private McIntosh's company came under close range machine-gun fire. Private McIntosh immediately rushed to the emplacement of the gun, threw in a Mills hand-grenade, which killed two of the crew and wounded a third. On entering the dug-out he came across two light machine guns, which he carried back to the company. His action enabled the consolidation to proceed owing to his realisation of the position, the speed at which he reacted and his courage.
Additional information:. George McIntosh joined the Royal Air Force and served in World War Two (WWII) attaining the rank of Flight Sergeant .

MacINTYRE, David Lowe. (reg No. 789).
Lieutenant. Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. (attached to 1/6th Battalion Highland Light Infantry.)
London Gazetted on 26th October, 1918.
Born on 18th June 1895 at Portnahaven, Islay, Scotland.
Died on third and 1st July 1967 at Edinburgh.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
Between 24th Bob /27th August 1918, Lieutenant Macintyre showed conspicuous bravery when, acting as Adjutant of his battalion, was conspicuous in the firing line, showing great coolness under the most heavy shell and machine-gun fire inspiring confidence in all who were with him. Later when strong barbed wire entanglements were encountered. he organised his men and went forward, under heavy fire, to supervise the creating of gaps in the wire. On his subsequent relief of command in the firing line, when an enemy machine gun opened fire fire, he put the gun team to flight when he charged the gun single-handed, bringing back the gun.
Additional information:. Major General Macintyre was made a Companion (of the Order) of the Bath (CB).
More to be added .

MACINTYRE, Donald (Reg No. 790)
Major (later Major-General) Bengal Staff Corps and 2nd Gurkha Rifles, Indian Army.
London Gazetted on 27th September 1872.
Born on 12th September 1831 Kincraig, Ross and Cromarty, Scotland.
Died on 15th April 1903 at Fortrose, Ross and Cromarty, Scotland.
Memorial not recorded.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 4 January 1872 during the Looshai Campaign, North-East India, Major Macintyre led the assault on the stockaded village of Lalgnoora. He was the first to reach the stockade, at that time about 9 feet high, and successfully stormed it under heavy fire from the enemy.
Additional information: He was a Fellow of The Royal Geographic Society.
He served with the 66th Gurkhas as a subaltern under Sir Colin Campbell (later to become Lord Clyde) in 1852 on the Expeditions against the hill tribes on the Peshawar Frontier. He was engaged in the laying waste of the fort at Pranghur and involved in the action at Ishkakot. The following year he was again in action against the Boree Afridis..
He served under Sir Neville Chamberlain in the Expedition of 1856 with the 66th Gurkhas in Afghanistan at the Kurram Valley.
He was in charge of maintaining calm and order against the Robulcund Rebels, in 1857-58, protecting the hill tribes against their attacks. At the same time he was involved in the formation of the 4th Gurkha Regiment
1862 again found him in the Peshawar Valley serving with the Doaba Field Force.
On 14th June 1850 he joined the Army. Promoted to Lieutenant on 23rd November 1856; Captain on 14th June 1862; Major 14th June 1870; The Brevet of Lieutenant-Colonel; Lieutenant Colonel 11th September 1872 and Colonel on 1st October 1877.
In the Afghan Campaign of 1878-79 he commanded the 2nd Gurkhas with the Khaibar Column in both Expeditions to the Bazar Valley.
On 24th of December. 1880 he retired from the Bengal Staff Corps with the rank of Major-General. He Died on the 15th April 1903 at the age of 71.(Obituary, Times 17th April 1903.)

McIVER, Hugh. (reg No. 791).
Private. Royal Scots. *
London Gazetted 15th November, 1918.
Born 21st June 1890 at Linwood, Kilbarchan, Renfrewshire, Scotland.
Killed in action on 2nd September, 1918.
Memorial on grave at Vraucourt Copse Cemetery, France.
Digest of Citation reads:
For acting with most conspicuous bravery and devotion whilst employed as a runner on 23rd August 1918, to the east of Courcelles-de-Comte, France. He carried messages regardless of his own safety. He followed an enemy scout into a machine-gun post, and single-handed, having killed six of the garrison, captured 20 more prisoners along with two machine guns. This action enabled the company to further advance unimpeded. At a later time, at great personal risk, he succeeded in stopping the deadly fire from a British tank which had been incorrectly directed at very close range. This very gallant action, without doubt, saved many unnecessary British soldiers from death.
* Lothian Regiment.
Additional information:. Private McIver was awarded the Military Medal (MM) Gazetted on 19th September, 1916, followed by a Bar to the Military Medal, Gazetted on 21st October 1918.
He was the son of Hugh and Mary (née Flynn) MacIver. Educated at St Charle's Roman Catholic School, Newton, Lanarkshire. He joined the army on 18th August 1914, serving in the European War (WWI) in France with the 2nd Royal Scots from 11th May 1915 to 19th October 1917 and from 12th February, 1918 until he was killed in action on 2nd September 1918. He was not married.
More to be added.

McKAY, David. (reg No. 792 as Mackay).
Private. 93rd Regiment. *
London Gazetted on 24th December, 1858.
Born in November 1830 at Thurso, Caithness, Scotland.
Died on 18th November, 1880 at, Lesmahagow,Lanarkshire, Scotland.
Memorial on grave at Lesmahagow, Lanarkshire, Scotland.
Digest of Citation reads:
Private McKay showed great personal gallantry on 16th November 1857, at Lucknow, India, by capturing the enemy's Colour at the Secundra Bagh, after an extremely tenacious resistance. At the capture of Shah Nujjiff, he was severely wounded.
* Princess Louise's Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders.
Additional information:. Private McKay was elected for the Victoria Cross by the private soldiers of the Regiment under Rule 13 of the Royal Warrant.

McKAY, Ian John. (reg No. 793).
Sergeant. 3rd Battalion. Parachute Regiment.
London Gazetted on 11th October 1982.
Born on 7th May 1953 at Wortley, Sheffield, Yorkshire.
Killed in action at Mount Longdon, Falkland Islands.
Memorial on grave at Aldershot Military Cemetery, Hampshire
Digest of Citation reads:
During the war on the Falkland Islands on 12th June 1982, Sergeant McKay, his commander having been wounded in the leg, was in command of the platoon. Heavy enemy fire kept them pinned down and several of his men had been either killed or wounded. Realising that something must be done, Sergeant McKay took three men and, breaking cover, they charged the enemy. They were met by strong enemy fire, killing a private and wounding the corporal another private. Single-handed, disregarding his own safety, he charged the enemy position . Using grenades, he disposed of the enemy, but at the point of his success, he was killed. This gallant action allowed his beleaguered comrades to eradicate themselves from an extremely dangerous situation. .

MACKAY, John Frederick. (reg No. 794).
Lance-Corporal. 1st Battalion. Gordon Highlanders
London Gazetted on 10th August 1900.
Born on 6th June 1873 at Edinburgh.
Died on 90th January, 1930 at Nice, France.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
Whilst in action at Doornkop, Johannesburg, South Africa , on the 20th May 1900, Corporal Mackay continually went forward, under devastating fire from an extremely short range, to attend to and dress the wounds of his comrades. There was no available shelter for himself. He carried a wounded man from the open, to safety behind a boulder, all the time under heavy fire.
Additional information:. For an act of gallantry at Wokverkranz on the 11th July 1900 his name was again put forward for the Victoria Cross..
Lieutenant Colonel Mackay had attended university before joining the Army where he served with the 1st Battalion, Gordon Highlanders on the North West Frontier of India. From 1897-98 he was with the Tirah Expeditionary Force, being involved in all the principal engagements. For this he received the Tirah Medal and Punjab Frontier Medal with two clasps.
More to add.

McKEAN, George Burdon. (reg No. 795).
Lieutenant. 14th Canadian Infantry Battalion*. Canadian Expeditionary Force.
London Gazetted on 28th June 1918.
Born on 4th July 1888 at Willington, Bishop Auckland, Durham.
Died on 28th November 1926 at Cuffley, Hertfordshire.
Memorial on grave at Brighton Extra Mural Cemetery, Brighton, Sussex and at the Canadian War Museum.
Digest of Citation reads:
Lieutenant Mckean's party, operating on the right flank, was held up by grenades and intense machine-gun fire from a Block in the communication trench. The block was well protected by barbed wire and a machine-gun, 30 yards to the rear. The Block should have been destroyed by a previous bombardment, but had been too close to our lines to have been engaged. Realising that the block must be destroyed if the operation was to be successful, Lieutenant McKean ran to the right flank of the Block, disregarding all danger, jumped over the Block, head first, right on top of the enemy. Whilst lying on top of one of the enemy, he was attacked by another, using a bayonet. Lieutenant McKean, shot his attacker, then shot the man lying beneath him who was struggling fiercely. He ran out of bombs and he sent back to the line for a new supply, during which time, he single-handedly engaged the enemy. With the fresh bombs, he attacked the second Block, killong two, capturing four and driving the remainder of the garrison, which included a machine gun, into a dug out. The dug-out, its occupants and the guns were destroyed. If this position hadn't been captured, the raiding party would have been exposed to a dangerous enfilade fire, thus due to his action, many lives had been saved.
* Quebec Regiment.
Additional information: . Captain McKean also held the Military Cross (MC) and the Military Medal (MM).

McKECHNIE, James. (reg No. 796).
Sergeant. Scots Fusilier Guards.
London Gazetted on 24th February, 1857.
Born in June 1826 at High Church, Paisley, Scotland.
Died on 5th July 1886 at Glasgow, Scotland.
Memorial on the Eastern Necropolis, Gallowgate, Glasgow, Scotland.
Digest of Citation reads:
At the Battle of Alma, in the Crimea, on 20th September 1854, shot and shell from the batteries firing from the front of the battalion, threw them temporally into disarray causing the formation to be one of a triangle with the apex pointing at the enemy. Captain Robert Lindsay was waving the Queen's Colour, which contained 20 bullet holes through its silk and its pole had been smashed. Holding up his rifle, Sergeant McKECHNIE charged towards the colour, shouting, "By the centre, Scots, by the centre, look to the Colours and march by them." Sergeant McKECHNIE was wounded in the ankle.
Additional information:. Army No. 3234, Sergeant McKECHNIE, was, prior to joining the Army, a tinsmith. He enlisted in the Scots Fusilier Regiment of Foot Guards on 11th February 1845. A description of him tells us that he was five feet nine and three quarter inches tall, with blue eyes, brown hair, and a fresh complexion. On the 12th September 1847 he was promoted to Corporal and then promoted to Sergeant, 12th January 1853.
From 28th February 1854 to July 1856 he served with the Regiment at the Battles of Alma, Balaclava and Sebastopol.
He saw service in Canada for three years from 20th December 1861.
At his own request he was discharged, with a pension, just under the age of 40. At that time he had four good conduct badges, drawing fourpence good conduct pay. He had completed 21 years (and three days) in the Army. He was stated to be, "A very good and sober soldier"
He went to reside in Glasgow, Scotland, on a pension of one shilling for life. He died at the age of 60.

McKENNA, Edward. (reg No. 797).
Colour-Sergeant. 65th Regiment. *
London Gazetted on 16th January, 1864.
Born on 15th February 1827 at Leeds, Yorkshire.
Died on 8th June 1908 at Palmerston North, New Zealand.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:.
Near Cameron Town, in New Zealand, on 7th September 1863, Colour -Sergeant McKenna took charge of a small force, consisting of, two sergeants, one bugler and 35 men, after both the Officers, Captain Smith and Lieutenant Butler had been shot. Heavily outnumbered, they charged through the enemy position, losing one man killed and another missing. His coolness and dauntless courage more than validated the confidence that his men, who had come under his command so swiftly, placed in him.
* York and Lancaster Regiment.
Additional information:. Ensign McKenna left the Army after serving for 18 years and 206 days. He enlisted in the 65th Regiment on the 15th January, 1854, at Leeds. His Victoria Cross, Medals and the revolver, given to him by his wounded officer, were presented to the Auckland Museum, by his widow, at his request


McKENZIE, Albert Edward. (reg No. 798).
Able Seaman Royal Navy.
London Gazetted on 23rd July, 1918.
Born on 23rd October, 1898 at Bermondsey, London.
Died on 3rd November 1918 at Southwark, London.
Memorial on grave at Forest Hill Road Cemetery, Camberwell, London.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 22nd/23rd April, 1918 at Zeebrugge, Belgium, Able Seaman Mckenzie was a member of a storming party on the night of the operation. He landed with his machine gun in the face of great difficulties, advancing down the Mole with his commanding officer * who with most of his party was killed. The seaman accounted for several of the enemy running for shelter to a destroyer alongside the Mole, and was severely wounded whilst working his gun in an exposed position.
* See A L Harrison. (reg No. 535).
Additional information:. Albert McKENZIE was born at No. 10 Alice Street, Bermondsey. He was the son of a photographer, Alexander McKenzie and his wife Eliza (née Marks).
He was educated at Webb Street School and also at Mina Street School, Bermondsey. On the 20th June 1914 he joined the Royal Navy as a Boy (second class). He served from the 18th December, 1914, as a Boy First Class, until he became an Able Seaman (April 23rd 1916).
He enjoyed boxing and eventually became the 4th Battle Cruiser Squadron Champion (light weight).
On the 31st July 1918 he received the Victoria Cross from King George V. He was still on crutches at the time, recovering from his injuries.
Unfortunately, like Lieutenant Sandford (reg No. 1106), he was unlucky, as on the 3rd December 1918 he died, during the epidemic of 1918, from influenza. His funeral was attended by Captain Alfred Carpenter VC. Also in attendance was Mr McNamara, Financial Secretary to the Admiralty, who said, "Mrs Mckenzie has lost a son, but the nation has found a hero."
John Winton adds a note of interest in his book, "Victoria Cross at Sea," it says that McKENZIE was one of 'St Mark's Little Army.' This referred to the members of that parish, in London, and who went off to fight in 1914-18. Of these, 518 of them were killed or died. 81 of them were awarded war decorations.

McKENZIE, Hugh.. (reg No. 799).
Lieutenant. 7th Company. Canadian Machine-Gun Corps. Canadian Expeditionary Force.
London Gazetted on 13th February, 1918.
Born on 5th December 1885 at Inverness, Scotland.
Killed in action on 30th October, 1917 at Passchendaele, Belgium.
Memorial at Menin Gate Memorial, Belgium.
Digest of Citation reads:
At Meetscheele, near Passchendaele, Belgium, Lieutenant McKenzie when in charge of four machine guns accompanying the Infantry in an attack, seeing that all the officers and most of the NCOs had become casualties and the men were hesitating before a nest of enemy machine guns which were inflicting severe casualties, from their position on commanding ground. Handing over his command to an NCO, he rallied the Infantry into attack, capturing the strong point. Discovering that the position, a pill-box, was sweeping the ground by machine-gun fire, and dominating everything before it, Lieutenant MCKenzie reconnoitred and detailed a frontal and flanking attack and captured the pillbox. Whilst leading the frontal attack he was killed.
Additional information:. Lieutenant Mckenzie also held the Distinguished Conduct Medal (D C M) and the French Croix de Guerre. A great deal has been written about this officer. It is hoped to add to this information shortly.


McKENZIE, James. (reg No. 800).
Private. 2nd Battalion. Scots Guards.
London Gazetted on 18th February, 1915.
Born 2nd April, 1889 at West Glen, New Abbey, Kirkcudbright, Scotland.
Killed in action on 19th December 1914 at Rouges Bancs, France.
Memorials at Ploegsteert Memorial, Belgium and a tablet at Trogneer Parish Church, Maxwelltown, Dumfries, also a portrait of Private McKenzie was hung at his old school, .
Digest of Citation reads:
A stretcher party, had been forced to abandon an attempt to rescue a wounded man at Rouges Bancs, on 19th December 1914. Private McKenzie under extremely heavy fire, went out and rescued the man from where he lay, in front of the German trenches. Later on the same day, whilst carrying out the same kind of rescue, Private McKenzie was killed.
Additional information:. Private McKenzie was the son of Alexander and Marion (née Miller) McKenzie. He was educated at Laurieknowe Public School, Maxwelltown.
On the 16th February 1912, he joined the 2nd Battalion of the Scots Guards.


McKENZIE, John. (reg No. 801).
Sergeant. 2nd Battalion. Seaforth Highlanders *
London Gazetted on 15th January 1901.
Born on 22nd November, 1870 at Contin, Ross-shire, Scotland.
Killed in action on 17th May 1915 near Cuinchy, France.
Memorial on grave in the Guards Cemetery, Windy Corner, Cuinchy, France.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 6th June 1900 at Dompoassi, in Ashanti, Africa, Sergeant McKENZIE volunteered to clear the stockades of the enemy, even though he was wounded, after operating two Maxim guns. Showing great gallantry and leading the charge himself, they drove the enemy headlong into the bush.
* Duke of Albany's Ross-shire Buffs .
Additional information:. Major Mckenzie, (of the 2nd Battalion, Bedfordshire Regiment), after the above deed, was promoted to Second Lieutenant and Mentioned in Despatches.
He had served in seven campaigns and was Mentioned in Despatches four times. He is said to have had a dauntless courage, showing no fear and inspiring those around him with a fighting spirit.
More to be added.

MACKEY, John Bernard. (reg No. 802).
Corporal. 2nd/3rd Pioneer Battalion, Australian Military Forces.
London Gazetted on 8th November 1945.
Born on 16th May 1922 at Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Killed in action on 12th May 1945 at Tarakan, North Borneo.
Memorial on grave in the Labuan War Cemetery, Tarakan, North Borneo. Also on the Australian War Memorial, at Canberra, Australia.
Digest of Citation reads:
On the island of Tarakan, North Borneo, on 12th May 1945, Corporal Mackey led his men along a very narrow spur where it was impossible to create a flanking movement. Coming under fire from three well placed Japanese positions, Corporal Mackey made his way forward, charging the first position., where after wrestling with, and killing an enemy soldier, he then rushed at a heavy machine gun post, killing the crew.. Whilst attacking the third position, which was further along the narrow spur, he killed two more of the enemy before he was himself killed.



MACKINTOSH, Donald. (reg No. 803).
Lieutenant. 3rd Battalion. Seaforth Highlanders *
London Gazetted on 8th June 1917.
Born on 7th February 1896 at Glasgow.
Killed in action on 11th April 1917 at Fampoux, France.
Memorial on grave at Browns Copse Cemetery, France.
Digest of Citation reads:
Lieutenant Mackintosh, during the initial attack was shot through the right leg. Although he was crippled by this injury, he continued forward with his men and captured the trench. In the trench, and after collecting soldiers from another company, who had been deprived of their leader, he drove back an enemy counter-attack. Wounded again and unable to stand, he continued to control the situation and with only 15 men left, he gave orders for his party to be ready to advance to the final objective. With great difficulty, he managed to get out of the trench, all the time encouraging his men to advance. He was again wounded, this time fatally.
* Duke of Albany's or Ross-shire Buffs.

MACLEAN, Hector Lachlan Stewart. (reg No. 804)..
Lieutenant. Staff Corps and Corps of Guides. Indian Army.
London Gazetted on 9th November 1897 also on 15th January 1907.
Born on 13th September 1870 at Bannu, North West Frontier, India.
Killed in action on 17th August 1897 at Nawa Kili, in the Upper Swat of India.
Memorial at St Albans Church, Marden, Kent and in the Sanctum Crypt of St Luke's Church, Chelsea, London.
Digest of Citation reads:
During the fighting at Nawa Kili, in the Upper Swat of India on 17th August 1897 Lieutenant-Colonel RB Adams (reg No. 7) along with Lieutenant H L S Maclean, Lieutenant the Viscount Fincastle (reg No. 401) and five men of the Corps of Guides proceeded under, a very heavy and close fire, to rescue Lieutenant Greaves of the Lancashire Fusiliers, who was wounded and lying on the ground surrounded by enemy swordsmen. Whilst bringing Lieutenant Greaves to cover he was unfortunately killed after being struck by a bullet. The horses of Lieutenant Colonel Adams, Lieutenant Fincastle and two of the Guide's horses were shot and Lieutenant Maclean was mortally wounded.
The report, following this action stated, that Lieutenant Maclean of the Indian Staff Corps for his gallant conduct would, had he lived, have been recommended for the Victoria Cross. (London Gazette, 9th November 1897).
On 15th January 1907, (London Gazette) Lieutenant Maclean was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross.
More to be added.


McLEOD, Alan Arnett. (reg No. 805).
Second Lieutenant. 2 Squadron. Royal Flying Corps. *
London Gazetted 1st May, 1918.
Born on 20th April 1899 at Stonewell, Winnipeg, Canada.
Died on the 6th November 1918 at Winnipeg, Canada.
Memorial on grave at Kildonan Cemetery, Winnipeg, Canada.
Digest of Citation reads:
Whilst flying an FK8 over Albert, France, on the 27th March, 1918, along with his observer, Second Lieutenant McLeod attacked and destroyed an enemy triplane and was immediately engaged by eight more, two of which were taken on and destroyed. The petrol tank of their aircaft was hit and burst into flames severely wounding both pilot and observer. Second Lieutenant Macleod side-slipped the aircraft steeply, trying extremely hard to keep the flames away from his observer. The plane eventually crashed in No-Man's-Land and, without considering his own injuries, he rescued his observer from the wreckage. He then carried him, under heavy fire from the enemy, to a reasonable place safety: where he collapsed from exhaustion.
* Renamed the Royal Air Force on the 1st April 1918.

McMANUS, Peter. (reg No. 806).
Private. 1st Battalion. 5th Regiment. *
London Gazetted on 18th June 1858.
Born in March 1829 at Tynan, County Armagh, Ireland.
Died from smallpox on 27th April 1859 at Allahabad, India.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
At Lucknow, India,on 26th September 1857, a party of men were shut up in a house and besieged by Sepoy rebels. Private McManus stayed outside the house until he was wounded, then under the cover of a pillar, kept aiming fire at the Sepoys, preventing them from rushing the House. Along with Private John Ryan, of the 1st Madras Fusiliers**, Private McManus rushed into the street, took Captain Arnold from the dhooly and took him back to the House, all the time under heavy fire, from which Captain Arnold was wounded again.
* Northumberland Fusiliers.
**Became 1st Battalion, 102nd Foot Regiment --- Royal Dublin Fusiliers.


McMASTER, Valentine Munbee. (reg No. 807).
Assistant Surgeon. 78th Regiment. *
London Gazetted on 18th June 1858.
Born on the 16th May, 1834 at Trichinopoly, India.
Died on 22nd January 1872 and Belfast, Ireland.
Memorial on grave at City Cemetery, Belfast and at Londonderry Cathedral, Ireland.
Digest of Citation reads:
Surgeon McMaster showed exceptional bravery during the Relief of Lucknow, India on 25th September 1857. Whilst attending to and bringing in wounded, he continually exposed himself to enemy gunfire .
* Seaforth Highlanders. (Duke of Albany's Ross-shire Buffs.).
Additional information:. Assistant Surgeon McMaster, before serving in India during the Mutiny, served with the 78th Regiment in Persia. In 1864 he was the Senior Medical Officer with the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons. With that Regiment at the same time were Sergeant-Major Charles Wooden VC (reg No. 1328). And Riding Master Joseph Malone VC (reg No. 830). While still serving with his old regiment, the 78th Regiment, he died at the young age of 38, in Belfast.

McNAIR, Eric Archibald. (reg No. 808).
Captain. 9th Service Battalion Royal Sussex Regiment.
London Gazetted on 30th March, 1916.
Born on 16th June 1894 at Calcutta, India.
Died on 12th August 1918 at Genoa Base Hospital, Genoa, Italy.
Memorials on grave at Staglieno Cemetery, Italy and on the Royal Sussex Regiment Memorial in Winchester Cathedral.
Digest of Citation reads:
Lieutenant McNair, on Valentine's Day, 14th February 1916 at Hooge, Belgium, along with several men, of two platoons, were hurled into the air when an enemy mine exploded, burying many of the men and equipment. Thoroughly shaken, he took control and organised a party with a machine gun to cover the edge of the Crater. They opened rapid fire on a strong body of advancing enemy, killing many and driving the remainder back. The lieutenant then ran back for reinforcements, sending for bombs and ammunition and equipment to replace the equipment that had been buried. He ran across open ground under heavy fire, because the communication trench was blocked, then led the reinforcements back the same way.
Additional information:. Captain McNair was the second son of George B. and Isabella McNair. his father was a Senior Partner in a firm of solicitors, Morgan and Co.
His education was at Mr Sylvester's, Branksome, Godalming, Surrey and at Charterhouse, where he was a member of the Officer Training Corps, he then went on to Magdalen College, Oxford. He joined the Army on 14th October 1914 becoming a Second Lieutenant in the 10th Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment, transferring, as a Lieutenant, to the 9th Battalion. He went to fight in the European War (WW I) in September 1915
He was promoted to Captain * in October 1915.
* In the London Gazette, on his being awarded the Victoria Cross, he is stated as being a Lieutenant.


McNAMARA, Frank Hubert. (reg No. 810).
Lieutenant. 1 Squadron Australian Flying Corps *
London Gazetted on 8th June 1917.
Born on 4th April, 1894 at Waranga, Rushworth, Victoria, Australia.
Died on 2nd November 1961 at Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire.
Memorials at the Priory, Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire and on the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia.
.* Royal Australian Air Force.
Digest of Citation reads:
During an aerial bomb attack on an enemy construction train, one of our pilots had to make a forced landing behind enemy lines. Lieutenant McNAMARA seeing his predicament, and noticing the enemy cavalry advancing on him, landed his aircraft, under extremely heavy fire from rifles, and being wounded in the thigh, managed to land his aircraft within 200 yards of the grounded machine. The pilot ran and climbed into Lieutenant McNamara's aircraft. Because of his wounded leg, he was unable to keep the aircraft straight, in its attempt to rise, and it turned over. Quickly extricating themselves from the aircraft, they set fire to it and ran for the damaged aircraft, which they managed to get started. Lieutenant McNAMARA, in spite of his wounded leg, succeeded in flying the machine 70 miles back to his airfield.
Additional information:. Air Vice-Marshal McNamara, was also made a Commander of the Order of the Bath (CB) and a Commander of Order of the British Empire (CBE). In the second-world-war he served with the Royal Air Force he was made the Air Officer Commanding the RAAF. HQ from 1939-42 followed by being AOC British forces in Aden until 1945. He became Drector of Education, HQ in Westphalia, Germany 1945-47 with the British Occupying Forces.

McNAMARA, John. (reg No. 811).
Corporal. 9th Battalion. East Surrey Regiment.
London Gazetted on 15th November 1918.
Born on 28th October 1887 at Walton-le-Dale, Lancashire.
Killed in action on 16th October 1918 near Solesmes, France.
Memorial on grave at Romeres Communal Cemetery, France.
Digest of Citation reads:
Whilst operating a telephone, in an enemy trench that had been occupied by his battalion, Corporal McNAMARA was aware that an enemy counter-attack was gaining ground. Taking a revolver from a wounded officer, he used it most effectively. He seized a Lewis gun and put it into action until it jammed. He was now alone in the post. Destroying his telephone, he joined the nearest post and once more showed outstanding courage and initiative in the use of a Lewis gun, until the arrival of reinforcements. There is no doubt, that due to his courage and determination, the other positions were able to hold.

McNEILL, John Carstairs. (reg No. 812).
Lieutenant Colonel. 107th Regiment *. Bengal Infantry.
London Gazetted on 16th August 1864.
Born on 29th March 1831 at Colonsay, Argyllshire, Scotland.
Died on 25th May 1904 at London.
Memorial not known
Digest of Citation reads:
On 30th March 1864, Colonel McNEILL, along with two Privates, Vosper and Gibson of the Colonial Defence Force, were proceeding to Te Amawutu, New Zealand. When returning from there, the officer saw a body of the enemy in front, about a mile from Ohampu. He sent Private Gibson back to bring up the Infantry, whilst he and Private Vosper made their way leisurely to the top of the rise, in order to get a better view of the enemy. About 50 natives, who had been hiding in the bush, suddenly attacked them. Their only chance of escape was to ride as fast as they could, but as they turned to gallop, Private Vosper's horse fell and he was thrown. The natives rushed forward, and noticing that Vosper was no longer behind him, Lieutenant Colonel McNeil returned and caught his horse and helped him to mount. The enemy were extremely close and firing at them, but they managed to escape by galloping away.
* Royal Sussex Regiment.
Additional information:. Major General Sir John McNeill was made a Knight Grand Cross of Royal Victorian Order (GCVO). A Knight Commander of the Bath (KCB ) and a a Knight Commander of St Michael and St George. (KCMG). He also held the Knight of Medjidie of Turkey. In 1874 he was appointed Equerry to Her Majesty Queen Victoria.
More to be added.


McNESS, Frederick. (reg No. 813).
Lance-Sergeant. 1st Battalion. Scots Guards.
London Gazetted on 26th October 1916.
Born on 22nd January, 1892 at Bramley, near Leeds, Yorkshire.
Died on 4th May 1956 at Bournemouth, Hampshire.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
Close to Ginchy, France, during a period of severe fighting on the 15th December, 1916, Lance Sergeant McNess, dashed forward leading his men under heavy shell and machine-gun fire. When they reached the first line of enemy trenches it was discovered that the left flank was exposed, enabling the enemy to bomb down the trench. The sergeant led a counter-attack and was severely wounded in the neck and jaw but he didn't give up. He continued to encourage his men, and after a establishing a block, continued to throw bombs until he was weak from loss of blood.

MACPHERSON, Herbert Taylor.(Reg No. 814).
Lieutenant, 78th Regiment.*
London Gazetted on 18th June 1858.
Born on 22nd January 1827 at Andersier, Inverness-shire, Scotland.
Died on 20th October 1886 at Prome, Burma.
Memorial Not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
Lieutenant McPherson set a fine example to his men, on 25th September 1857, at the Residency at Lucknow, India, during the period of the action, when, at bayonet point, they captured two brass 9-Pounder guns.
.( More to Follow)
*Seaforth Highlanders.
Additional information:. Major General MacPherson was a Knight Grand Cross of the Bath (GCB and a Knight Commander of the Star of India (KCSI).


McPHERSON, Stewart, (Reg. No.815)
Colour-Sergeant 78th Regiment.*
London Gazetted on 12th April 1859.
Born on: ? 1822 at Colross, Dunfermline, Scotland.
Died on: 7th December 1892 at Colross, Dunfermline, Scotland.
Memorials at: Not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 26 September 1857 in the Residency at Lucknow, India, Colour Sergeant McPherson rescued, under very heavy fire and at great personal risk, a wounded private of his company, who was lying in a most exposed position. The colour-sergeant was distinguished on for his coolness and gallantry in action.
*Seaforth Highlanders.

McPHIE, James. (reg No. 816).
Corporal. 416th (Edinburgh) Field Company. Royal Engineers.
London Gazetted on 31st January 1919.
Born on 18th December 1894 at Edinburgh, Scotland.
Killed in action on 14th October 1918 at Aubencheul - au-Bac, France.
Memorial on grave at Naves Communal Cemetery, France (extension).
Digest of Citation reads:
Corporal McPhie, along with a party of Sappers were ,at dawn on 14th October 1918 at the Canal de la Sensee, France, repairing a cork-float bridge, which had begun to sink and a breakaway as soon as the Infantry began to cross it. The corporal jumped into the water and tried desperately to hold the cork and timber together. Finding it impossible, he swam back to get materials to repair it. Although it was then daylight and the bridge was harangued by a close fire, Corporal McPhie led his men to the bridge. He was shot, killing him almost immediately.

McQUIRT, Bernard. (reg No. 817).
Private. 95th Regiment. *
London Gazetted on 11th November 1859.
Born in 1829 at Donaclony, Lurgan, County Armagh, Ireland
Died on 5th October 1888 at either County Down or County Armagh, Ireland (to be confirmed).
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
Private McQuirt was very seriously wounded during hand-to-hand combat with three of the enemy. He killed one and wounded another. Private McQuirt carried the wounds from five sabre cuts and a musket shop. This action took place on the 6th January 1858 at the capture of Rowa, India.
* Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment. The Sherwood Foresters.



McREADY-DIARMID *Allastair Malcolm Cluny.( reg No. 327).
Captain 17th (Service) Battalion Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own).
London Gazetted on 15th March, 1918.
Born on 21st March 1888 at Southgate, London.
Died on 1st December, 1917 at Moeuvres, France. (killed in action).
Memorial at Cambrai Memorial, France.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 30th November/1st December, 1917 at the Moeuvres Sector, France, when the enemy penetrated into our position, and the situation was extremely critical, Captain McCready-Diarmid led his company through a heavy barrage and immediately engaged the enemy and drove them back at least 300 yards, causing numerous casualties and taking 27 prisoners. The following day the enemy again attacked and drove back another company which had lost all its officers. The captain called for volunteers, and leading the attack, again drove them back. It was entirely due to his marvellous throwing of bombs that the ground has regained, but he was eventually killed by a bomb.
* Diarmid was formerly Drew.
He was formerly known as Arthur Malcolm Cluney McCready.


MACTIER, Robert. (reg No. 818).
Private. 23rd Battalion. * Australian Imperial Force.
London Gazetted on 14th December 1918.
Born on 17th May 1890 at Tatura, Victoria, Australia.
Killed in action on the 1st September 1918 near Peronne, France.
Memorial on grave at Hem Farm Military Cemetery, France and on three the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia.
Digest of Citation reads:
On the morning of the 1st September, 1918, an attack was mounted on the village of Mont St Quentin, France, prior to the advance of Private Mactier's Battalion. It was vital that several enemy strong points, close to our lines, were cleared out. The bombing parties sent forward had failed in this and thus, the Battalion was pinned down. Single-handed, Private Mactier leapt from the trench, rushing past the block he closed on the Machine-Gun garrison, killed the eight-man crew with his revolver and threw the machine gun over the parapet. Rushing forward another 20 yards, he launched himself into another strong point, held by six of the enemy, all of whom surrendered. Going on through the trench to the next block, he disposed of another machine gun which and supplying devastating fire across the flank of the advancing troops. He was then killed by another machine gun from close range. His action enabled us Battalion to go on and capture Mont San Quentin..
* Victoria.

McWHEENEY, William. (reg No. 819).
Sergeant. 44th Regiment. *
London Gazetted on 24th February 1857.
Born in 1837 at Bangor, County Down, Ireland.
Died on the 17th May 1866 at Dover, Kent.
Memorial on grave at St James' Cemetery, Dover, Kent.
Digest of Citation reads:
At the commencement of the siege, Sergeant McWheeney volunteered as a sharpshooter and was put in charge of a party of his regiment. He was always active and vigilant. On 20th October 1854, in the Crimea, when one of his men, Private Keane, was severely wounded on the Woronzoff Road, at that time the sharpshooters were being repulsed from the Quarries by far heavier numbers. The sergeant returned and brought the man to safety, all the time under extremely heavy fire. Similarly, on 5th December 1854, he saved the life of Corporal Courtney. The corporal was one of the sharp shooters and was severely wounded in the head. Sergeant McWheeney brought him out from the heavy fire, dug a hole with his bayonet, and the two men sheltered there until nightfall, when they made their escape.
* Essex Regiment.

MADDEN, Ambrose. (reg No. 820).
Sergeant. 41st Regiment.*
London Gazetted on 24th February, 1857.
Born in 1820 at Cork, Ireland.
Died on 1st January 1863 at Jamaica.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
Sergeant Madden led a party of men of the 41st Regiment, on the 26th October 1854 at Little Inkerman, Crimea, to cut off and take prisoner, one Russian officer and 14 Privates. Three of the enemy being personally captured by the sergeant.
* Welch Regiment.

MAGENNIS, James Joseph. (Reg No. 821).
Leading Seaman. Royal Navy.
London Gazetted on 13th November 1945.
Born on 22nd October 1919 at Belfast, Ireland.
Died on 12th February, 1986 at Halifax, Yorkshire.
Memorial at Mab Wood Crematorium, Shipley, Yorkshire.
Digest of Citation reads:
In the Johore Straits on 31st July 1945, Leading Seaman Magennis was a diver in the XE3, a midget submarine. H experienced great difficulty as he attached limpet mines to the. Atago class Japanese cruiser. The XE3 was jammed beneath the Cruiser and the driver's hatch was not able to open fully. Magennis squeezed himself through the narrow opening, and had to remove barnacles from the bottom of the Cruiser before he could attach the mines. It was tiring work as he had to attach them in pairs bypassing a line under the keel. He also was handicapped by a small leak of oxygen, causing bubbles to reach the surface. He completed the job, placing all mines in position, before returning to the submarine. On withdrawing, Lieutenant FRASER discovered that one of the limpet carriers could not be jettisoned. Leading Seaman Magennis, despite being exhausted, immediately volunteered to go out again and free it. It took seven minutes of nerve-racking work, but he managed to release it. He displayed great courage and showed no regard for his own safety.


MAGNER *, Michael. (reg No. 822).
Drummer. 33rd Regiment *
London Gazetted on 28th July 1868.
Born on 21st June 1840 at Fermanagh, Ireland.
Died on 6th February 1897 at Melbourne, Australia.
Memorial on grave at Melbourne General Cemetery, Victoria, Australia
Digest of Citation
During the attack on Magdala, Abyssinia, on 31st July 1868. The leading column was stopped by obstacles at the gate. A few officers and men of the 33rd Regiment,along with an officer of the Royal Engineers, broke away. They climbed a cliff, reaching the defences and forced their way over a wall and scraped through a strong thorny fence. This action succeeded in drawing the defenders at the gate. Drummer Magner and Private Bergin, of the 33rd Regiment, showing conspicuous gallantry, rwere the first two men to enter Magdala.
*Duke of Wellington;s (West Riding) Regiment.
*alis Barry

MAHONEY, Patrick. (reg No 823).
Sergeant. 1st Madras Fusiliers *
London Gazetted on 18th June 1858.
Born in 1827 at Waterford, Ireland.
Died on 30th October 1857 at Lucknow, India.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
For distinguished gallantry, on the 21st September 1857, whilst assisting in the capture of the Regimental Colours of the 1st Regiment Native, Infantry at Mungulwar, India.
* Royal Dublin Fusiliers.

MAHONY, John Keefer. 0 (reg No. 824).
Major. Westminster Regiment. Canadian Infantry Corps.
London Gazetted on 13th July, 1944.
Born on 30th June, 1911 at New Westminster, British Columbia, Canada.
Died on the 15th December, 1990 at London, Ontario, Canada.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 24th May 1944, Major MAHONEY and his company were ordered to establish the initial bridgehead over the River Melfa, Italy. After this was accomplished, the company, in the face of very heavy enemy fire and attacks, held the position for five hours until they were reinforced by the remaining companies and supporting weapons. Major Mahoney had continued to direct the defence of the bridgehead even though he had been wounded, in the head and twice in the leg, earlier in the action. He refused all medical attention until the situation was established. He became a target of the enemy when they noted that he was the keystone to the defence.
Additional information:. Major Mahony became the liaison officer at the US Department of the Army in Washington DC in 1954. He was Assistant Adjutant and Quarter Master General for the Alberta area of Canada in 1963.

MAILLARD, William Job. ( reg No. 825).
Surgeon. Royal Navy.
London Gazetted on the 2nd December, 1898.
Born on 10th March 1863 at Banwell, Axbridge, Somerset.
Died on 10th September 1903 at Bournemouth, Hampshire.
Memorials on grave at Wimborne Cemetery, Dorset and at the Royal Naval Hospital, Haslar, Hampshire.
Digest of Citation reads:
On the 6th September 1898, during the landing of men from HMS Hazard, at Candia, Crete, Surgeon Maillard, having disembarked and reached a place of safety, returned through a hail of fire, to the boat. He endeavoured to bring to safety Ordinary Seaman Arthur Stroud, who fell wounded into the boat as the other men landed onshore. He failed to bring the wounded seaman in, only because the boat had been cut adrift and it was beyond his strength to lift Stroud, who was almost dead, from the unstable platform. Surgeon Maillard returned to his post unhurt, even though his clothes were riddled with bullet-holes.
Additional information:. Staff Surgeon Maillard was the first and only Naval Medical Officer, to date, to be awarded the Victoria Cross.

MALCOLM, Hugh Gordon. (reg No. 826).
Wing Commander. 18 Squadron. Royal Air Force.
London Gazetted on 27th April, 1943.
Born on 2nd May 1917 at Broughty Ferry, Dundee, Scotland.
Killed in action on 4th December 1942 attacking an enemy airfields at Cheudgui
Memorial on grave at Beja War Cemetery, Tunisia.
Digest of Citation reads:
Wing Commander Malcolm commanded a squadron of light bombers in North Africa from November to December 1942. His skill and daring, in that office, was of the highest. On 17th November 1942, taking advantage of cloud cover set out to attack Bizerte. 20 miles from target the sky cleared. Wing Commander Malcolm carried on without fighter escort, knowing well the dangers. Despite strong opposition, all bombs fell on the airfield. As a result of bad weather conditions two of his own aircraft collided and another was lost to enemy fighters. Similarly, on the 27th November 1942 he again led an attack on the same airfield at low altitude. This time Bizerte met the attack with intense, accurate anti-aircraft fire. Nevertheless, after completing their attack, Wing Commander Malcolm led them back, again, and again, to attack the airfield with machine-gun fire.. On 4th December 1942, they were detailed to give close supporter the First Army by attacking a fighter airfield near Chouigui. There was no time to arrange a fighter escort so Malcolm decided to attack. They reached their target without incident and attacked it. They were intercepted by a strong force of enemy fighters, they fought back but lost all aircraft but his own. Finally, he too was shot down in flames

MALCOLMSON, John Grant. (reg No. 827).
Lieutenant. Third Bombay Light Cavalry.
London Gazetted on 1st August 1860.
Born on 9th February, 1835 at Muchrach, Inverness, Scotland.
Died on 14th August 1902 at London.
Memorial on grave at Kensal Green Cemetery, London.
Digest of Citation reads:
At the Battle of Khoosh-ab, in Persia, during an attack on the enemy on the 8th February 1857, the Adjutant, Lieutenant Thomas Moore, (Reg. No.885) was most likely to have been the first man, by the length of a horse, into the attack. His horse, on leaping into the square fell dead, crushing its rider and breaking his sword, in the midst of the enemy. The Adjutant swiftly freed himself and attempted to fight his way out. He would have almost certainly lost his life if Lieutenant Malcolmson hadn't noticed his plight and fought his way to his Adjutant through a crowded enemy and rescued him. He gave Lieutenant Moore his stirrup and carried him through the midst of the battle to safety.
Additional information:. Captain Malcolm was a Member of the Royal Victorian Order (M V O). In 1870 he became a Gentlemen-at-Arms.

MALING, George Allen. (reg No. 828).
Lieutenant. Royal Army Medical Corps attached to 12th Battalion of the Rifle Brigade. *
London Gazetted 18th November, 1915.
Born on 6th October 1888 at Sunderland, County Durham.
Died on 9th July 1929 at Lee, London.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
During the heavy fighting near Fauquissart on the 25th September 1915, Lieutenant Maling worked continually with unceasing energy from 6:30am on the 25th September until 8am the following day. He collected and treated more than 300 wounded, all the time under heavy shell fire and in the open. At around 11am on the 25th September he was thrown down and stunned by the detonation of a large high explosive shell. This explosion wounded his assistant and killed several of the patients. Soon after the explosion of a second shell covered him and his instruments with debris. He continued alone with great zeal and courage.
* Prince Consort's Own.
Additional information: he was the son of Edwin Allan and Maria Jane Maling. His father was a JP. He was educated at Uppingham, going on to Oxford and then to St Thomas's Hospital where he obtained the Degrees, M A; M B; B Ch. Oxon; MRCS; and LRCP.
In 1918 he was mentioned in Despatches and promoted to Captain
On 5th May he married Daisy Wolmer of Winnipeg, Canada. When asked comment on his action that won the Victoria Cross, he modestly said that he had nothing to add.


MALLESON, Wilfred St Aubyn. (reg No. 829).
Midshipman. Royal Navy.
London Gazetted on 16th August, 1915.
Born on 17th September 1896 at Kirkee, India.
Died on 21st July, 1975 at St Clement's, Truro, Cornwall.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
While serving on board HMS River Clyde in the Dardanelles in 1914-15, during the landing of the Expedition Force, on V Beach, Cape Helles, on 25th April, 1915 Midshipman Malleson, assisting Commander Unwin, swam from lighter to lighter with a line after Midshipman Drewry had become too exhausted. He succeeded in the attempt. The line broke, however, and he made two further attempts but was unsuccessful.
Additional information: Captain Wilfred Malleson also served in World War Two (WWII).

MALONE, Joseph.(Reg. No. 830)
Sergeant. 13th Light Dragoons.*
London Gazetted on 25th September 1857.
Born on 11th January 1833 at Eccles, Manchester, Lancashire.
Died in Pinetown, Natal, South Africa on 28th June 1883.
Memorial on grave at Christ Church Cemetery, Pinetown, Natal, South Africa.
At Balaclava, in the Crimea,on the 25th October 1854, whilst walking back during the Charge of the Light Brigade after his horse had been shot, Sergeant Malone stopped, under extremely heavy fire, to help Captain Webb of the 17th Lancers, who was wounded, until help arrived. Together with Troop Sergeant Berryman (Reg No.87) and Sergeant Farrell,(Reg. No.395) both of the 17th Lancers they moved Captain Webb away from the range of the guns. Unfortunately, the officer died of his wounds..
Additional information:. Joseph Malone was made Riding Master in the 6th Dragoons promoted Captain in 1881.
He served with this Regiment in South Africa from November 1882. He was still serving until his death on the 28th of June 1883 in Pinetown, Natal South Africa.

MANGLES, Ross, Lowis. (reg No. 831).
Mr. Bengal Civil Service.
London Gazetted on 6th July 1859.
Born on 14th April 1833 at Calcutta, India.
Died on 20th February 1905 at Pirbright, Surrey.
Memorial on grave at Brookwood Cemetery, Woking, and the Parish Church, Pirbright, Surrey.
Digest of Citation reads:
Mr Mangles, a civilian , had volunteered to serve with the detachments of the 10th and 37th Regiments along with native troops, under the command of Captain Dunbar, at the relief of Arrah, India, on the 13th July 1857. Although he, himself had been wounded previously, he dressed a soldiers wounds under extremely heavy fire, and then he carried the wounded soldier for several miles over swampy ground, getting him safely into a boat. Almost the whole detachment were killed or wounded.
Additional information:. Mr Mangles received the Victoria Cross from Queen Victoria, 4th January 1860 at an Investiture at Windsor Castle. His Decoration was given after the Royal Warrant had been altered to include civilians, Gazetted on 6th July, 1859.
He was the son of born R.D.Mangles, Esquire of the Bengal Civil Service, also a magistrate at Patna, India.
MANLEY, William George Nicholas. (reg No. 832).
Assistant Surgeon. Royal Regiment of Artillery.
London Gazetted on 22nd September 1864.
Born on the 17th December, 1831 at Dublin, Ireland.
Died on 16th November 1901 at Cheltenham, Gloucestershire.
Memorial on grave at Cheltenham Cemetery.
Digest of Citation reads:
During the assault on the Rebel Pah, near Tauranga, New Zealand, Assistant Surgeon MANLEY, endeavouring to save the life of a Naval Officer, Commander Hay , and others, risked his own life. He had volunteered to go along with the storming party into the Pah, where he attended to that naval officer, who was carried away mortally wounded. Assistant Surgeon MANLEY then volunteered to return to see if he could find any more wounded personnel. He was one of the last officers to leave the Pah .
Additional information:. Surgeon-General Manley was a Companion of (the Order of) the Bath (CB). He also held the Prussian Iron Cross (second class), Knight of the Order of St John, the Bavarian Order of Merit and Geneva Cross .
In the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1 he served with the British Ambulance, attending to the wounded of both antagonists.

MANNOCK, Edward.(Reg No. 833)
Major 85 Squadron Royal Flying Corps (later TheRoyal Air Force.)
London Gazetted on 18th July 1919
Born on: 24th May 1887 at Brighton, Sussex.
Died on: 26th July 1918 near Lillers, France.
Memorial at: Canterbury Cathedral; Mannock House, Military Road, Canterbury; Canterbury War Memorial and Arras Memorial, France.
Digest of Citation reads:
On the 17th June 1918, from a height of 8000 feet, he attacked and destroyed a Halberstsdt aircraft near Armentieres; On the 7th July he attacked and destroyed a Died on Fokker machine near Doulieu, it crashe head on into the ground. Shortly after he engaged another Fokker, putting it into a spin and which it is believed crashed.; On the 14th July,near Merville, from 7,000 feet he attacked another Fokker causing it to crash also bringing down an enemy two-seater fighter; On the 19th July, again near Merville he shot down an Albatross two-seater with 80 rounds of ammunition.It went down in flames; On the 20th July 1918 he shot down a two-seater to the east of La Bassée followed an hour later by the shooting down of a Fokker biplane near Steenwercke from 8,000 feet; On the 22nd of July 1918 he shot down a German triplane from 10,000 feet.
In the London Gazette of 3rd August 1918 the total was incorrectly given as 48: it should have read 41.
Additional information: He was also the holder of the Distinguished Service Order and 2 Bars and the Military Cross and Bar. All of these medals were presented to Mr Mannock, Edward's father by King George V during a ceremony at Buckingham Palace.
The MC was London Gazetted on 17th Sept 1917 and the Bar a year later 16th September 1918.
The DSO was London Gazetted on the 3rd August 1918 the 2nd Bar was London Gazetted 16th September 1918.
By the end of July 1918, in flying operations over France and Flanders, Major Maddock had been officially credited with 73 combat victories. In May 1918 he scored no less than 24 victories and on one occasion in July whilst leading an attack on a formation of Fokker aircraft, he shot down one and sent another crashing to earth and was the cause of another pair colliding. The whole of his career in the Royal Air Force was an outstanding example of fearless courage, remarkable skill, devotion to duty and self-sacrifice.

MANSEL-JONES, Conwyn (Reg. No.. 650)
Captain The West Yorkshire Regiment*.
London Gazetted : 27th July 1900
Born on 14th June 1871 at Beddington, Surrey.
Died on 29th May 1942 at Brockenhurst, Hampshire.
Memorial not recorded.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 27th to February 1900, north of Tugela, Natal, North Africa, the companies of the West Yorkshire Regiment met with severe shell and rifle fire on the northern slopes of Terrace Hill and their advance was temporarily checked. Captain Mansel-Jones, however, by a strong initiative and example restored confidence and in spite of his falling very seriously wounded, at the men took the whole ridge without further check.
*Prince of Wales' Own
Additional information:: Captain Mansel-Jones also held that C M G, and the D S O. He served in the First World War. He was also a member of the the Hon Corps of the Gentleman- at - Arms. He was an Officier de Legion d'Honneur.


MANSER, Leslie Thomas. (reg No. 834).
Flying Officer. 50 Squadron. Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve.
London Gazetted on 23rd October, 1942.
Born on 11th May 1922 at New Delhi, India.
Died on 31st May 1942 when his aircraft crashed in flames in Belgium.
Memorial on grave at Heverlee War Cemetery, Belgium and at Christ Church, Radlett, Hertfordshire.
Digest of Citation reads
Flying Officer Manser was the captain of a Manchester bomber in a raid on Cologne on the night of May 30th, 1942. His aircraft was caught in Searchlights and subjected to heavy, accurate anti-aircraft fire as the aircraft approached it's target. The target was bombed from a height of 7000 ft. As they made for home the aircraft was still under heavy fire and had been seriously damaged. Flying Officer Manser descended to 1000 ft to take evasive action, to no avail. Captured in the searchlight they were continually hit by flak, wounding the rear-gunner. The cabin was filled with smoke and the port engine was giving trouble. Determined to save his aircraft, and crew, from falling into enemy hands, he took the aircraft up to 2000 ft and the port engine burst into flames. When he realised that a crash was inevitable, he gave the order to bale out. The Manchester aircraft, carrying Flying Officer Manser was seen, by the parachuting crew, to crash in flames.
Additional information:. Flying Officer Manser was the brother-in-law of Captain J N Randle VC of the Royal Norfolk Regiment.

MANTLE, Jack Foreman. (reg No. 835).
Leading Seaman. Royal Navy.
London Gazetted on 3rd September, 1940.
Born on 12th April 1917 at Wandsworth, London.
Killed on 4th July 1940, during an air-raid on Portland, Dorset
Memorials on grave at Portman Royal Naval Cemetery, Dorset and on a plaque to HMS Foylebank in St Paul's Church, HMS Osprey, Portland, Dorset.
Digest of Citation reads:
During an air-raid on Portland, England, on 4th July 1940. Leading Seaman Mantle who was manning the starboard pom-pom gun of HMS Foylebank. Early in the action his left leg had been shattered by a bomb. Despite the fact that he'd been wounded again many times, he remained at the gun. When the ship's power failed, he trained and fired the gun, by handgear only, until he fell by his gun and died.
Additional information:. Leading Seaman Mantle was the only person in the Royal Navy to receive the Victoria Cross for a courageous deed on the English mainland. He joined the Navy at the age of 16. He had already seen action on convoy protection duty, and was one of the few Naval Gunners to have shot down a German aircraft with a Lewis gun. At this time he was serving aboard a French ship and was Mentioned in Despatches for his action.

MARINER, * William. (reg No. 836).
Private. 2nd Battalion. King's Royal Rifle Corps.
London Gazetted on 23rd June, 1915.
Born on the 29th May, 1882 at 12, Wellington Street, Chorley, Lancashire. .
Killed in action on 1st July 1916 in France.
Memorial on Theipval Memorial, France.
Digest of Citation reads:
Taking advantage of a violent thunderstorm, on the 22nd and May 1915 near Canbrai, France, Private Mariner left his trench and creeping through German wire entanglements, reached an enemy gun emplacement. This gun had been thwarting his company's progress. Climbing on top of a German Parapet he threw a bomb under the emplacement's roof and waited for a quarter of an hour before throwing another bomb. He returned to his own trench, after waiting for the guns to fire on their entanglements of wire. He had been all alone for an hour and a half.
* Mariner was not his real name. He was the son of Mrs A. Wignall .

MARLING, Percival Scrope. (reg No. 837).
Lieutenant. 3rd Battalion. King's Royal Rifle Corps, attached to the Mounted Infantry.
London Gazetted on 21st May 1884.
Born on 6th March 1861 at King's Stanley, Stroud, Gloucestershire.
Died on 29th May 1936 at Stanley Park, Stroud, Gloucestershire.
Memorial on grave at Stanley Park, also at Great Rissington Church, Gloucestershire and on the memorial to the King's Royal Rifles in Winchester Cathedral.
Digest of Citation reads:
At the Battle of Tamai , in the Sudan, on 13th March 1884, Lieutenant MARLING risked his life in order to save the life of Private Morley of the Royal Sussex Regiment, who had been shot. The private was lifted and placed in front of Lieutenant MARLING, on his horse, but he fell off immediately. Dismounting the lieutenant gave up his horse to carry Private Morley to a place of safety. All the time the enemy were pressing close on to them.
Additional information:. Colonel Sir Percival Marling was a Companion (of the Order ) of the Bath (CB).
He saw service in South Africa in the War of 1899-1902 with the 18th Hussars. He also served in France from 1914-15 with the Headquarters Staff of the Indian Army Corps. In 1928 he was the High Sheriff of the County of Gloucester.


MARSHALL, James (Reg. No.838)
Acting Lieutenant Colonel Irish Guards attached and comding 19th Battn.The Lancashire Fusiliers
London Gazetted on 13th February 1919
VC Medal's Custodian is the Guards Regimental HQ.
Born on 12th June 1887 at Acock's Green, Birmingham.
Died on 4th November 1918 at Catillon, France.
Memorials on grave at Ors Communal Cemetery France and the War Memorial, Old Harlow, Essex.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 4 November 1918 at the Sambre-Oise Canal, near Catillon, France, when a partly constructed bridge was badly damaged before the advanced troops of his battalion could cross, Lieutenant Colonel Marshall organised repair parties. The first party were soon killed or wounded, but the Colonel's personal example was such that more volunteers were instanly forthcoming. Under intense fire and with complete disregard of his own safety he stood on the bank encouraging his men and helping in the work. When the bridge was repaired he attempted to lead his men across, but was killed so doing.
Additional information: He also held two Belgian decorations, The Crois de Guerre and the Chevalier Order of Leopold. (More to be added.)

MARSHALL, William Thomas. (Reg. No.839)
Quartermaster Sergeant . 19th Hussars*.
London Gazetted on 21st May 1884.
Born on 5th December 1854 at Newark, Nottinghamshire.
Died on 11th September 1920 at Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland.
Memorial on grave at Kirkcaldy Cemetery, Fife, Scotland.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 29 February 1884 at El Teb, Sudan, the Commanding Officer of the 18th Hussars was severely wounded, his horse was killed and he was on the ground surrounded by the enemy. Quartermaster Sergeant Marshall, who stayed behind with him, siezed his hand and dragged him through the enemy back to the regiment, saving him from certain death.
* Prince of Wales Own.
More to be added

MARTIN, Cyril Gordon. (reg No. 840).
Lieutenant. 56th Field Company Royal Engineers.
The London Gazetted on 19th April, 1915.
Born on 19th December 1891 at Foochow, China.
Died on 14th August 1980 at Woolwich in London.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
A section of the enemy trenches was holding up the advance at Spanbroek, Belgian, on 12th March 1915. Lieutenant Martin volunteered to lead a bombing party against the trench. He was wounded before the actual start of the attack, but ignoring this, he continued to lead the attack which was completely successful. They held the trench against several counter-attacks for two-and-half hours. Then a general withdrawal order was given. Not until then did they return to their own lines.
Additional information:. Brigadier Martin was made a Companion Of the Order of the British Empire (CBE). He also held the Distinguished Service Order (DSO). With the Northern Command in India in 1939 he was the Deputy Chief Engineer. He served in Iraq in 1941 as Chief Engineer, British troops. From 1945-47 he was Chief Engineer with the North-West Army, India. During this time he was also ADC to King George VI.

MARTINEAU, Horace Robert. (reg No. 841)
Sergeant. Protectorate Regiment. * South African Forces.
London Gazetted on 6th July 1900.
Born on 31st October 1874 at Bayswater, London.
Died on 8th April 1916 at Dunedin, New Zealand.
There is an inscription, to the memory of Sergeant Martineau, on the family grave at Brookwood Cemetery, Woking, Surrey.
Digest of Citation reads:
During the theaction at Game Tree, near Mafeking, South Africa, on the 26th December, 1899, the order to retire had been given. Sergeant MARTINEAU stopped to rescue Corporal Le Camp, who had been struck down adjacent to the Boer trenches. Somehow he managed to half carry and half drag his wounded comrade to a bush approximately 150 yards from the enemy trenches. During this rescue, the sergeant was wounded in the side, but, in spite of this he continued to dress and bandage the wounds of the corporal. He then assisted the wounded man to retire, during which they came under very heavy fire and the sergeant was again wounded. The second wound, and the supporting of his colleague, caused him to be completely exhausted and he dropped to the ground unable to proceed any further. Altogether he received three wounds, one of which meant that his leg would need amputation
* North-west Cape Colony.
More to add.

MARTIN-LEAKE, Arthur. (reg No. 727).
Surgeon Captain. South African Constabulary then Royal Army Medical Corps attached 5th Field Ambulance.
London Gazetted on 13th May 1902, the Bar being Gazetted 18th February, 1915.
Born on 4th April 1874 at Standen, Ware, Hertfordshire.
Died on 22nd June 1953 at Ware, Hertfordshire.
Memorial on his grave in High Cross Churchyard, Ware, and on a plaque in St Mary's Church, High Cross, Ware, Hertfordshire.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 8th February 1902 at Vlakfontein, South Africa, Surgeon Captain Martin-Leake went within 100 yards, under a very heavy enemy fire, to apply dressings to a wounded man. He was then shot whilst attending to a wounded officer. He would not give up until he was thoroughly exhausted and other wounded men had been attended to.
Digest of Citation for Bar to VC reads:
Between the period, 29th October to 8th November 1914, near Zonnebeke, Belgium, Lieutenant Martin-Leake rescued a large number of wounded men who were lying within close proximity to the enemy trenches. He showed conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in performing these actions whilst exposed to extremely heavy enemy fire.
Additional information to be added.

MASTERS, Richard George. (reg No. 842).
Private. Royal Army Service Corps. *
London Gazetted on 8th May 1918.
Born on 30th March 1877 at Southport, Lancashire.
Died on 4th April 1963 at Southport, Lancashire..
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
The communications had been cut and the wounded could not be evacuated because of an enemy attack. Reports had come that the road was impassable, in spite of this, Private Master's, who was attached to the *141st Field Ambulance, volunteered to try and get through. With the greatest of difficulties he managed to succeed by clearing the road of all kind of debris. Throughout the whole of the afternoon he continued to make journey after journey over the road, which was subjected persistently to shell and machine-gun fire. On one occasion, he was bombed my aeroplane. Private Masters was able to help evacuate the majority of the wounded from the area. His car was the only one that managed to get through during this particular phase.

MASTERSON, James Edward Ignatius. (reg No. 843).
Lieutenant . 1st Battalion, Devonshire Regiment.
London Gazetted on 4th June 1901..
He was born on 20th June 1862 at a place unknown.
Died on 24th December 1935 at Waterlooville, Hampshire.
Memorial on a tablet in Exeter Cathedral.
Digest of Citation reads:
Lieutenant MASTERSON was commanding one of three companies of the Devonshire Regiment, at Wagon Hill, Ladysmith, South Africa, on 6th January 1900. They, under his command, charged a ridge and captured a position held by the Boers. All three companies were exposed to a devastating fire from both the Right and Left Front. Lieutenant MASTERSON took a message to the Imperial Light Horse, who were holding a position on the ridge some hundred yards to the rear, instructing them to fire on the left front in an endeavour to check the enemy's fire. Whilst taking the message, across an open and exposed space of 100 yards, and swept by an incessant crossfire, causing him to be badly wounded in both thighs, he still managed to crawl and deliver the message, falling exhausted into the trench of the Imperial Light Horse. His heroism, was almost certainly, the reason for many lives being saved.
Additional information:. Major Masterson saw service in World War One (WW I) from 1914-15.

MAUDE, Francis Cornwallis. (reg No. 844).
Captain. Royal Artillery.
London Gazetted on 18th June 1858.
Born on 28th October 1828 at London.
Died on 19th October 1900 at Windsor, Berkshire.
Memorial in St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.
Digest of Citation reads:
At Lucknow, India,on 25th September 1857, Captain MAUDE bore down the enemy's desperate opposition. The enemy flanked the road, under the cover of long grass. A heavy and murderous fire was directed on the column from a double storied house and from loopholes in the surrounding garden walls. Also fire from two guns that were raking the road from the right flank and another from the front. Steadily and with cheerful encouragement he pushed his men on, although it cost him the loss of one third of his artillerymen. The army could not have advanced without the coolness and nerve shown by Captain MAUDE, who was fully aware of the dangers of his undertaken task.
Additional information:. Colonel Maude was a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB). He was a Military Knight of Windsor 1895.
He was the cousin of General Sir Frederick Maude VC (Reg. No.845) of the 3rd Regiment

MAUDE, Frederick Francis. (reg No. 845).
Bt/Lieutenant Colonel. Third Regiment *
London Gazetted on 24th February, 1857.
Born on 20th December, 1821 at Lisnadill, County Armagh, Ireland.
Died on 20th June 1897 at Torquay, Devon.
Memorial on grave at Brompton Cemetery, London.
Digest of Citation reads:
Lieutenant Colonel MAUDE was in charge of the covering and ladder party. during the assault on the Redan at Sebastopol, in the Crimea, on the 5th September 1855. With only a party of nine or ten men, they, having entered the Redan, then held the position. Lieutenant Colonel MAUDE refused to retire until all hopes of any support had faded, in spite of the fact that he had been dangerously wounded.
* East Kent Regiment (Buffs)
Additional information:. General Sir Frederick Maude was made a Knight Grand Cross of the Bath (GCB). There's also holds the Legion d'Honneur of France. 1861 to 1866 he was Adjutant General in Gibraltar and in 1867-73 he was the Inspector-General of Militia in Ireland.
He is the cousin of Colonel Francis Maude VC. (Reg.No.844)

MAUFE, Thomas Harold Broadbent. (reg No. 846).
Second Lieutenant. 124th Siege Battery. Royal Garrison Artillery.
London Gazetted on the 2nd August 1917.
Born on 6th May 1898 at Ilkley, Yorkshire.
Died on 20th March 1942 at Ilkley, Yorkshire.
Memorial on grave at Ilkley Cemetery, Yorkshire.
Digest of Citation reads:
Second Lieutenant Maufe, acting entirely on his own initiative, repaired, unaided, the communication line between the forward and rear positions, all the time and being under intense artillery fire, thus allowing his battery to begin firing on the enemy immediately. Second Lieutenant Maufe also extinguished a fire, that was started by an explosion in an advanced ammunition dump, thus averting what would have been a catastrophic occurrence. He took this risk, regardless his own safety, in the knowledge of the danger he ran from the effects of the gas shells stored in the dump. By his prompt action and with complete disregard for his own personal safety he set an exceptional example to all ranks.
Additional information: . Captain Maufe served in the Home Guard during the Second World War (WWII).

MAXWELL, Francis Aylmer. (reg No. 847).
Lieutenant. Indian Staff Corps attached to Roberts' Light Horse.
London Gazetted on 8th March 1901.
Born on 7th September 1871 at Guildford Surrey
Killed in action on 21st of September 1917 near, Ypres, Belgium.
Memorial on grave at Ypres Reservoir Cemetery, Belgium and in St Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh.
Digest of Citation reads:
Lieutenant MAXWELL was one of three officers who showed great gallantry and disregard of danger in carrying out the saving of the guns of that battery at Korn Spruit, South Africa, on 31st March 1900. Lieutenant MAXWELL went out on five occasions, and along with Captain Humphreys and some artillerymen brought in two guns and three limbers, one of which they dragged in by hand. He also went out with Captain Humphreys and Lieutenants Stirling in an attempt to rescue the last gun. He remained there until the last gun was abandoned. Additional information:. Brigadier-General Maxwell was a Companion of the Order of the Star of India, he also held the Distinguished Service Order and Bar. In 1911 he was Military Secretary to Lord Hardinge, in 1916 he commanded the 12th Battalion,the Middlesex Regiment followed by the command of the 27th Infantry Brigade until his death in 1917.

MAXWELL, Joseph. (reg No. 848).
Lieutenant. 18th Battalion. * Australian Imperial Force.
London Gazetted on 6th January 1919.
Born on 10th February 1896 at Forest Lodge, Sydney, Australia.
Died on 6th July 1967 at Sydney, Australia.
Memorials at Eastern Suburbs Crematorium, Sydney, and on the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia.
Digest of Citation reads:
The company commander had been severely wounded early in the advance at Beaurevoir-Fonsomme, north of St Quentin, France, 3rd October 1918. Lieutenant MAXWELL immediately took command. On two occasions, advancing alone through heavy wire entanglements, he killed and took a number of the enemy prisoners and captured a machine-gun. Later he liberated his men from an engagement with a strong party of Germans. He set a fine example of personal bravery throughout the day.
.* New South Wales.
Additional information:. Lieutenant Maxwell held the Military Cross (MC) and Bar and the Distinguished Conduct Medal. (DCM).

MAY, Henry. (reg No. 849).
Private. 1st Battalion. The Cameronians. *
London Gazetted on 19th April 1915.
Born on 2nd September 1885 at Glasgow, Scotland.
Died on 26th July 1941 at Niddrie, Scotland.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads.
Private May showed most conspicuous bravery on 22nd October 1914 near La Boutillerie, France, when he voluntarily attempted to rescue, under extremely heavy fire, a wounded man who unfortunately was killed before he could save him. On the same day he carried a wounded officer a distance of 300 yards. to a place of safety, all the time being exposed to severe enemy fire.
* Scottish Rifles.

MAYGAR, Leslie Cecil. (reg No. 850).
Lieutenant. 5th Victorian Mounted Rifles. Australian Forces.
London Gazetted on 11th February 1902.
Born on the 26th May, 1872 at Deene Station, Milmore, Victoria, Australia.
Died of his wounds on 17th November 1917 at Karm, Palestine.
Memorial on grave at Beersheba War Cemetery, Palestine and on the Australian War Memorial at Canberra, Australia.
Digest of Citatio nreads:
Private May showed most conspicuous bravery on 22nd October 1914 near La Boutillerie, France, when he voluntarily attempted to rescue, under extremely heavy fire, a wounded man who unfortunately was killed before he could save him. On the same day he carried a wounded officer a distance of 300 yards. to a place of safety, all the time being exposed to severe enemy fire.
Additional information:. Lieutenant Colonel Maygar was also awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO). Another Decoration was the Volunteer Officers' Decoration (VD)..During World War One (WW I) he served with the 8th Australian Light Horse.








MAYO, Arthur. (reg No. 851).
Midshipman. Indian Navy. *
London Gazetted on 25th February 1862.
Born on 18th May, 1840 at Oxford.
Died on 18th May 1920 at Boscombe, Hampshire.
Memorial on grave at Boscombe Cemetery, Hampshire.
Digest of Citation reads:
Midshipman MAYO led a charge, under extremely heavy fire, that had been ordered, of the Indian Naval Brigade against two 6-pounder guns, that were being manned effectively by the mutineers at Dacca, India, on 22nd November 1857. During the advance , he was nearly 20 yards in front of the remainder of the Brigade. He was 17 years of age.
* Naval Brigade .
Additional information: Arthur Mayo died on his 80th Birthday.

MAYSON, Tom Fletcher. (reg No. 852).
Lance-Sergeant. 1st/4th Battalion. King's Own Regiment.*
London Gazetted on 14th September, 1917.
Born on 3rd November, 1893 at Silecroft, Cumberland.
Died on 21st February 1958 at Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire.
Memorial on grave at St Mary's Churchyard, Whicham, and in St Mary's Church, Whicham, Cumberland. Also at The Priory, Lancaster.
Digest of Citation reads:
Lance Sergeant Mayson, when his platoon was delayed by fire from a machine-gun, at Wieltje, Belgium, on the 31st July 1917, not waiting for instructions, he immediately made for the machine gun, putting it out of action, with bombs, and wounding four of the crew. The remaining three of the crew fled the scene, closely pursued by Sergeant MAYO, to a dug out, where he killed them. He later tackled another machine-gun, whilst clearing up a strong point, killing six of the crew. He took charge of an isolated post during an enemy counter attack, holding it successfully until his ammunition was exhausted and he was ordered to withdraw.

MEEKOSHA, Samuel. (reg No. 853).
Corporal. 1st/6th Battalion. West Yorkshire Regiment. *
London Gazetted on 22nd January 1916.
Born on 16th September, 1893 at Leeds, Yorkshire.
Died on 8th December 1950 at Blackwood, Monmouthshire.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
Corporal Meekosha, a member of a platoon of 20 NCOs and men, who were holding a trench that had been isolated, near the Yser, in France on 19th November 1915. Six of the platoon were killed and seven wounded during a heavy bombardment by the Germans, while all the remainder of the platoon were more or less buried. When the remaining senior NCOs were either killed or wounded, Corporal Meekosha took command and immediately sent for assistance by a runner. A minimum of 10 more shells landed within 20 yards of him, but in spite of this, he continued to try and rescue the wounded and buried men by digging them out in full view of the enemy and within close proximity to the German trenches. * This bravery resulted in the saving of at least four lives, thanks to Corporal Meekosha's great courage and his sheer determination .
* Prince of Wales Own.
Additional information:. Captain Meekosha later changed his name to Ingham. *For helping him rescue the men, Privates Johnson, Sayers and Wilkinson, of the1st/6th Battalion West Yorkshire Regiment, were awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM).

MEIKLE, John. (reg No. 854).
Sergeant. 4th Battalion. Seaforth Highlanders. *
London Gazetted on 16th September, 1918.
Born on 11th September 1898 at Kirkintilloch, Dumbartonshire, Scotland.
Killed in action on 20th July 1918 at Marfaux, France.
Memorials on grave at Marfaux British Cemetery, France and in Station Square, Dingwall, Scotland.
Digest of Citation reads:
Sergeant MEIKLE armed only with a stick and revolver, single-handedly rushed forward putting a machine gun, which had been preventing the advance of his company, out of action. A little later, he seized a rifle and bayonet from a fallen soldier then charged on another machine-gun post. He was almost on the enemy machine gun when he was killed instantly, but his action enabled two others, who had followed him to put the gun out of action.
* Duke of Albany's Ross-shire Buffs.
Additional information:. Sergeant Meikle also held the Military Medal. (MM).

MEIKLEJOHN, Matthew Fontaine Maury. (reg No. 855).
Captain. 2nd Battalion. Gordon Highlanders.
London Gazetted on 20th July 1900.
Born on 27th November, 1870 at Clapham, London.
Died on 4th July, 1913 at the Middlesex Hospital, the result of a riding accident in Hyde Park.*.
Memorial on grave at Brookwood Cemetery, Woking, Surrey.
Digest of Citation reads:
At the Battle of Elandslaagte, South Africa on 21st October 1899, after the main position, occupied by the Boers, had been taken, some soldiers of the Gordon Highlanders were exposed to a heavy crossfire as they were about to advance. Having lost their leaders, they began to waver under the onslaught. Captain MEIKLEJOHN rushed to the front of the body of men and encouraged the men to follow him and he led them against the enemy's position. Here he fell with four severe wounds.
Additional information:. Captain MEIKLEJOHN was Mentioned in Despatches, and was awarded the Queen's Medal. He was the Garrison Adjutant at St Helena in 1901. He entered the Staff College and was later on the General Staff at Army Headquarters, during which time he was promoted to Major. He married the daughter of Lieutenant Colonel Lionel Marshall, Miss Vera Marshall, in 1904 , giving issue to one son and two daughters.
*Handicapped by the fact that he only had one arm, he was forced, when his horse bolted, to guide the animal against the railings of Rotten Row, Hyde Park, where some children, with their nurse, were walking on the path. His action saved the children from severe injury, or even death.
The children's mother, in a letter to the Times on the 7th of July 1913, praised the bravery of Major MEIKLEJOHN. She told how her nurse, being the only witness to the accident, had been walking in Hyde Park near Knightsbridge Barracks when the runaway horse came suddenly from between the trees. Seeing the children, he turned his horse against the railings of Rotten Row, which he had little chance of clearing, thereby giving his life for the children's. She went on to write, that it added one more great deed, to his already long roll of brave and unselfish acts.

MELLISH, Edward Noel. (reg No. 856). A
Captain, The Reverend. Army Chaplains Department.
London Gazetted on 20th April, 1916.
Born on 24th December, 1880 at Barnet, Hertfordshire.
Died on 8th July 1962 at South Petherton, Somerset.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On three consecutive days, the 27th to 29th March 1916, during the heavy fighting at St Eloi, Belgium, Captain, the Reverend, MELLISH, went to-and-fro continuously between the original trenches and the captured enemy trenches, attending to and rescuing wounded men. The first day, from an area swept by machine-gun fire, he rescued 10 severely wounded men. Although his battalion was relieved on the second day, he returned and rescued 12 more of the wounded. Taking charge of a group of volunteers, on the third day, he again returned to the trenches in order to rescue the remaining wounded. This excellent work was done voluntarily and was far outside the sphere of his normal duties.
Additional information:. Captain Mellish served from 1900- 02 as a Trooper. (Baden-Powell's Police). He also served in World War Two (WWII), as an air-raid warden. More to be added

MELLISS, Charles John. (reg No. 857).
Captain. Indian Staff Corps attached to the West African Force.
London Gazetted on 15th January 1901.
Born on 12th September 1862 at Mhow, India.
Died on 6th June 1936 at Camberley, Surrey.
Memorial on the grave at St Peter's churchyard, Frimley, Surrey, and in the Sanctum Crypt of St Luke's Church, Chelsea, London.
Digest of Citation reads:
Having gathered a party of stray men, and any others he could, together, after noting that the enemy were in great numbers, Captain Melliss led them in a charge into the bush and right into the heart of the enemy. This action was at Obassa on 30th September 1900, during the 1900 Ashanti Campaign. During the attack he was wounded in hand-to-hand fighting. But the charge of Captain Melliss and his men, accompanied by a charge by the Sikhs, caused much panic amongst the enemy.
Additional information:. Sir Charles Mellis was a Knight Commander of the Bath (KCB) and a Knight Commander of St Michael and St George (KCMG).. He also served in the Great War (WW I) from 1914- 16.
More to be added.

MELVILL, Teignmouth. (reg No. 858).
Lieutenant. 1st Battalion 24th Regiment *
London Gazetted on the 2nd May, 1878 and 15th January, 1907 *
Born on 8th September 1842 at London.
Died at the hands of the Zulu at Buffalo River, Zululand.
Memorial on Fugitive's Drift, Natal, South Africa, also an inscription on the Colour Pike the 24th Regiment and at St Winnow's Church, Cornwall.
Digest of Citation reads:
After the Zulu massacre at Isandhlwana, South Africa, Lieutenant Melvill made gallant effort to save the Regimental Colours. He and Lieutenant Coghill, who had tried to help, were pursued by Zulu warriors and they experienced great difficulty trying to escape across the swollen River Buffalo. The two officers* were overtaken by the Zulus and after a short but gallant struggle the two officers were overpowered and killed. The Regimental Colour, which had gone drifting downstream during the struggle, was retrieved from the River Buffalo 10 days later.
* South Wales Borderers.
* The London Gazette reported on 2nd May 1878, that had these two men lived, they would surely have been awarded the Victoria Cross. This was confirmed on 15th January 1907 when it was awarded to both men posthumously.

MELVIN Charles (Reg.No 859)
Private 2nd Battalion The Black Watch (Royal Highlanders)
London Gazetted on 26th Nov 1917
Born on 2nd May 1895 at Boddin Graig, Montrose, Angus, Scotland.
Died on17th July 1941 at Kirriemuir, Scotland.
Memorial not known
Digest of Citation reads: On 21st April 1917 at Istabulat, Mesopotamia, Private Melvin's company were waiting for reinforcements before attacking a front- line trench, but he rushed on by himself over ground swept by rifle and machine-gun fire. On reaching the trench and having killed one or two of the enemy, he jumped into it and attacked the rest with his bayonet. Most of the enemy then fled but not before Private Melvin had killed two more and disarmed eight unwounded and one wounded. He bound up the wounded man and took him and his other prisoners back to an officer before reporting back to his platoon sergeant.
MERRIFIELD, William. (reg No. 860).
Sergeant. 1st Battalion. Central Ontario Regiment Canadian Expeditionary Force.
London Gazetted on 6th January 1919.
Born on 9th October 1890 at Brentwood, Essex.
Died on 8th August 1943 at Toronto, Canada.
Memorial on grave at West Korah Cemetery , Sault State, Marie, Ontario, Canada.
Digest of Citation reads:
Sergeant Merrifield, single-handedly attack two enemy machine gun emplacements on the 1st October 1918 at Abancourt, France, which were preventing his platoon's advance. Quickly making his way from one shell-hole to another he killed the crew of the first post, getting wounded in the process. In spite of his wounds he went on to attack the second machine-gun, killing the crew with a bomb. Until he was severely wounded, he continued to lead his platoon refusing to be evacuated.
Additional information:. Sergeant Merrifield also held the Military Medal (MM). He had performed with exceptional distinction on many occasions during his war showing the highest qualities of valour and leadership. He was invested with the Victoria Cross by his Royal Highness ;Edward, Prince of Wales. (King Edward VIII) on board the royal train when it reached Oba, Canada. Before joining the Army he was employed as a fireman on the Canadian Pacific Railway..




MERRITT, Charles Cecil Ingersoll (Reg. No.861).
Lieutenant Colonel The South Saskatchewan Regiment Canadian Infantry Corps
London Gazetted on 2nd October 1942
Born on: Vancouver, Canada on the 10th November 1908
Died on: July 2000. (Reported Daily Telegraph 18th July 2000)
Memorials at: (Not yet established.)
Digest of Citation reads:
On 19th August 1942 at Dieppe, France, Lieutenant Colonel Merritt's unit had to advance across a bridge swept by heavy machine-gun, mortar and artillery fire. The first parties had mostly been destroyed but the Colonel rushed forward and personally led the survivors of at least four parties, in turn, across the bridge, then led them in successful attacks on German pill-boxes. Although twice wounded he continued to direct the unit's operations and having collected bren and tommy guns, prepared a defensive position to cover the withdrawal from the beach

The obituary of lieutenant Colonel Cecil Merritt VC appeared in the Daily Telegraph on the 18th of July, 2000. He was Born on in Vancouver, British Columbia on the 10th of November 1908, the son of Major Cecil Merritt. His father Died on at Ypres during the European War (WW 1)
He was educated at the University School, Victoria and continued at the Royal Military College at Kingston, Ontario. He graduated in 1929 and went on to study law. He was called to the bar in 1932. He was a member of the local militia and was commissioned in the Canadian Seaforth Highlanders.
He married, in 1937, to Grace Graham the daughter of Mr Jamieson of Belleville, Ontario. The couple had three children, two boys and a girl.
At the outbreak of the Second World War he was called in to the army and was promoted to Major. He served in England and in June 1941 attended Staff Course at Camberley.
He was promoted in March 1942 and put in command of the South Saskatchewan Regiment. His regiment was sent to train for the raid on Dieppe on the Isle of Wight.
His courage during this battle set an example to all who served under him. He is reputed to have stood on the bridge over the River Scie, which was littered with bodies of dead and wounded, and shouted that the German couldn't hit anything and urged the men to go on..
After the war, in 1945, he ran for Parliament and served as a backbencher. He left politics and returned to Law after the 1949 election. He rejoined the militia and commanded the Seaforth Highlanders. He was keen on sport and played rugby and a sort of Hockey called Shinny. (Daily Telegraph Article in archives.)

METCALF, William Henry, (Reg. No. 862)
Lance-Corporal 16th Battalion Manitoba Regiment. CEF. (Canadian Scottish).
London Gazetted on 15th November 1918
Born on: 29th January 1885 at Waige, Walsh County, Maine, USA.
Died on: 8th August 1968 at Lewiston, Maine, USA
Buried at Bayside Cemetery, Eastport, Maine. USA
Digest of Citation reads:
On 2 September 1918 at Arras, France, when the right flank of the battalion was held up, Lance-Corporal Metcalf rushed forward under intense machine-gun fire to a passing tank and with his signal flag walked in front of the tank directing it along the trench in a perfect hail of bullets and bombs. The machine-gun strong-point was overcome, very heavy casualties were inflicted and a critical situation was relieved. Later, although wounded, Corporal Metcalf continued to advance until ordered to get into a shell hole and have his wounds dressed.
Additional information: Army Number 22614 Lance Corporal William Metcalf was a barber by trade and joined the Army at Valcartier. He was sent to the European War and was awarded the Military Medal followed later by the VC. He was wounded on this occasion. He Died on at Lewiston, Maine, USA on the 8th of August 1968 aged 83 years.

MEYNELL Godfrey.(reg.No.863)
Captain. Corps of Guides, 12th Frontier Force Regiment, Indian Army.
London Gazetted on 24th December 1935.
Born on 30th May 1904 at Meynell Langley, Derbyshire.
Died on 29th September, 1935 at Mohmand, North West Frontier, India. (killed in action).
Memorial at Guides Cemetery, Mardan, India. Also in Kirk Langley Church and the Sanctum Crypt in St Luke's Church, Chelsea, London.
Digest of Citation reads:
In the final phase of an attack on 29th September, 1935 on the North West Frontier, India, Captain Meynell, seeking information regarding the forward troops, found them engaged against an enemy vastly superior in numbers. Taking immediate command, Captain Meynell, with two Lewis guns and about 30 men maintained a heavy and accurate fire on the advancing enemy.The enemy's overwhelming numbers nevertheless succeeded in reaching the position and putting the Lewis gun out of action. In the hand to hand battle which foillowed, Captain Meynell was mortally wounded. However, the heavy casualties inflicted on the enemy prevented them from exploiting their success.
Additional information:. The widow of Captain Meynell was presented with the Victoria Cross by King Edward VIII. This was the only time, during his reign, that His Majesty presented this Medal
Captain Meynell also held the Military Cross (MC).

MIDDLETON, Rawdon Hume. (reg No. 864).
Flight Sergeant. Royal Australian Air Force *
London Gazetted 15th January 1943.
Born on 22nd July 1916 at Waverley, New South Wales, Australia.
Died on the 29th November, 1942 after his plane crashed in the sea near Dymchurch, Kent
Memorial at St John's Churchyard, Mildenhall, Suffolk also on the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia.
Digest of Citation reads:
Flight Sergeant Middleton, as captain of a Stirling bomber which had been damaged by anti-aircraft fire during a raid on Turin, Italy, on the night of the 28th/29th November, 1942. Sergeant Middleton's right eye was severely damaged and the second pilot and wireless operator were both wounded when a shell exploded in the cockpit. Although he aircraft had been severely damaged by anti-aircraft fire, the bombs were released over the target. The aircraft managed to fly over the Alps with difficulty when making for home and had insufficient fuel for the whole journey. Nearing the English coast Flight Sergeant Middleton ordered the rest of the crew to bale out. Then, to avoid further civilian casualties, he crashed the plane into the sea.
* Whilst serving with 149 Squadron, Royal Air Force.
Additional information:. With effect from the 14th November 1942 his promotion to Pilot Officer had been posted. This was notified posthumously.

MIERS, Anthony Cecil Capel. (reg No. 865).
Commander. Royal Navy.
London Gazetted on 7th July 1942.
Born on 11th November, 1906 at Birchwood, Inverness, Scotland.
Died on 30th June, 1985 at Inverness, Scotland.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
Commander Miers, in command of HM Submarine Torbay, knowing full well the hazards involved, followed an enemy convoy into the harbour at Corfu. Inside the harbour, his batteries had to be rechar0000ged on the surface on a bright moonlit night, within the range of the enemy guns. Unable to detect the enemy in the darkness, he waited several hours until he was able to attack in full daylight. After his torpedoes had been released he came under a very heavy counter attack, having to withdraw along a narrow channel being hunted by anti-submarine craft and air patrols. The enemy, the Italians, aware that the only way the Torbay could escape was through this long narrow channel searcxhwed for her. She survived many depth charge attacks before she managed to reach the Aegean Sea and safety.
Additional information:. Rear Admiral Sir Anthony Miers was made a Knight Commander of the British Empire (KBE) a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) and he also held the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) and Bar
The crew of the Torbay were recommended for decorations. The investitures were to be made at two different ceremonies. One for the officers and a separate one for the ratings. Rear Admiral Sir Anthony Miers had indicated that unless all of his men were not at the same Investiture he would refuse the Victoria Cross.
A combined ceremony on 20th July 1942, Commander Miers was invested with the VC, three of his officers were decorated with DSO and DSC and 24 ratings receive DSM (Source of this information comes from John Laffin's "British VC's World War 2" Sutton Publishing Ltd.)


MILBANKE, Sir John Penistone (Reg. No.866)
Lieutenant (later Lieutenant Colonel) 10th Hussars (Prince of Wales Own Royal)
London Gazetted on 6th July 1900.
Born on 9th October 1872 at 30, Eccleston St. London. SW.
Died on 21st August 1915 at Suvla, Gallipoli.
His memorial is on the Helles Memorial, Gallipoli.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 5th January 1900 near Colesberg, South Africa, during a reconnaissance, Lieutenant Milbanke, when retiring under fire, with a small patrol, rode back to help one of his men whose horse was exhausted. Notwithstanding the fact that he was severely wounded in the thigh, the lieutenant took the man up on his own horse under very heavy fire and got him safely back to camp.
Additional information: He was the son of Sir Penistone and Lady Elizabeth (daughter of the Hon. Richard Denman) Milbanke. His father was the 9th Baronet Milbanke, JP,. DL. in Sussex. John Milbanke was Educated at Castlemount in Devon and at Harrow before joining the 10th Hussars on the 26th November 1892. He succeeded his father as 10th Baronet in 1899 before going to serve in South African War 1899-1902. He became ADC to General John French (later Field Marshal Sir John Denton Pinkstone French) and was mentioned in Despatches. In this campaign he recieved the South African Medal with six clasps.
In 1900 he was promoted to Capatin and won the VC 9see above. On th 6th December 1901 he married Leila, the only daughter of Colonel the Honourable Charles and Madeline Crichton at St. Peter's Church, Eaton Square, London.. They had two children, both boys, John Charles Penistone Born on 8th January 1902 and Ralph Mark, Born on 11th April 1907. He retired from the Army in 1910 but rejoined at the outbreak of the European War (WWI). The following October he was appointed Lieutenant Colonel of the Nottinghamshire Yeomanry (later to become the Sherwood Foresters), going as the commandant of the Regiment to Egypt in April 1915.
He was killed in action at Gallipoli, later that same year in August as the Yeomanry charged up* Hill 70 under what was described as, withering fire, killing many men and officers as they neared the crest.
Note. More information on this charge can be read in Victoria Cross 1856-1920.

MILES, Francis George. (reg No. 867).
Private. 1st/5th Battalion. Gloucester Regiment.
London Gazetted on 6th January 1919.
Born on 9th July 1896 at Clearwell, Gloucestershire.
Died on 8th November 1961 at Clearwell, Gloucestershire.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
Private Miles, single-handedly and on his own initiative made his way forward under extremely heavy fire, locating a machine-gun and putting it out of action after shooting the gunner. On sighting another gun close by, he moved forward again, this time shooting the gunner and capturing its crew of eight. Standing up, he signalled his company, who had been acting on his intelligence and had captured 16 guns, an enemy officer and 50 of his men. The machine-guns had pinned down his company at Boisde L'Eveque, France, 23rd October 1918.

MILLAR*, Duncan. (reg No. 868).
Private. 42nd Regiment *
London Gazetted on 13th June 1859.
Born on 19th June 1824 at Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, Scotland.
Died on 7th July 1881 in Glasgow, Scotland.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads.
The fighting was extremely severe on 15th January 1859 at Maylah Ghat, India, where a few men of the 42nd Regiment were in close combat with a great number of the enemy. Some of their party suffered from sword wounds. The officer in charge of the party was severely wounded and its colour sergeant killed. Privates Millar and Cook, showing great coolness and discipline, went to the front immediately and took a pronounced part in the direction of their company, to the admiration of all there.
*Or Miller
* Black Watch.
Additional information:. Brigadier-General Walpole reported on the conduct of Privates Millar and Cook, and thought that their behaviour, on this occasion, should be "pointed out."

MILLER, Frederick. (reg No. 869).
Lieutenant. Royal Artillery.
London Gazetted on the 6th May, 1859.
Born on 10th November 1831 at Radway under Edge Hill, Warwickshire.
Died on 17th February 1874 at Cape Town, South Africa.
Memorial in the form of Obelisk the graveyard of Radley Parish Church, Warwickshire.
Digest of Citation reads:
Lieutenant Miller personally attacked three Russians on 5th November 1854 at the Battle of Inkerman in the Crimea. With the Gunners of his battery, he prevented the enemy from damaging the guns which they had surrounded. Earlier, part of an English infantry regiment had retired through the battery in the face of this body of Russian soldiers.
Additional information:. Lieutenant Colonel Miller also held the French Légion d'Honneur. He also receives the Order of Medjidie. He was Mentioned in Despatches getting the Medal and four Clasps.
He was educated at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich. He joined the Royal Artillery as First Lieutenant (Gazetted 19th December, 1848) at the age of 17. He saw action at the Battles of Alma, Balaclava and Inkerman. He was present at the siege of Sebastopol. He was made Brevet-Major and awarded the Victoria Cross for the above mentioned action.
Promotions:. 2nd Captain on 13th April 1855, Brevet-Major on 2nd November, 1855, Captain on 11th December 1861; Brevet Lieutenant Colonel on 2nd February 1867; Lieutenant Colonel of the Regiment on 9th August 1873.
The Victoria Cross 1856-1920 states that Lieutenant Colonel Miller died at Cape of Good Hope.

MILLER, James. (reg No. 870).
Conductor. Bengal Ordnance Depot.
London Gazetted on the 25th February, 1862.
Born in 1820 at Glasgow.
Died on 12th June 1892 at Simla, India.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
At great personal risk on the 28th October 1857, he went to the assistance of Lieutenant Glubb of the 38th Regiment of the Bengal Native Infantry, who was wounded, and carried him out of the action. Conductor Miller was subsequently wounded himself. The attack was against rebels who had taken up their position in a Serai at Futtehpore Sikra.
Additional information:. At the time of this action, he was attached to a detachment of troops commanded by Colonel Cotton CB.,.employed with heavy howitzers and ordnance stores,

MILLER, James. (reg No. 871).
Private. 7th Battalion. Royal Lancaster Regiment.
London Gazetted on 9th September, 1916.
Born on 4th May 1890 at, Taylor's Farm, Hoghton, Nr. Preston, Lancashire.
Died on 31st July, 1916 at Bazentin-le-Petit, France.
Memorial on grave at Dartmoor Cemetery, France.
Digest of Citation reads:
At Bazentin-le-Petit, France , Private Miller was ordered to take a message, whilst the Battalion consolidated its position. His task was, under extensive shell and rifle fire, to cross the open ground and return with a reply at all costs. Immediately on leaving the trench he was mortally wounded in the back the bullet exiting through his abdomen. Despite this he compressed his wound, with his hand, and continued on and delivered the message, staggering back with the reply. As he delivered the message to the officer, he fell dead at his feet.

MILLS, Walter. (reg No. 872).
Private. 1st/ 10th Battalion. Manchester Regiment.
London Gazetted on 13th February, 1918.
Born 22nd June, 1894 at Oldham, Lancashire.
Died on 11th December, 1917 Givenchy, France.
Memorial on grave at Gorre British Cemetery, France.
Digest of Citation reads:
A strong enemy patrol endeavoured to rush our posts after a gas attack, which had caused the garrison to be overcome. In spite of being badly gassed himself, he met the attack single-handed, continuously throwing bombs until reinforcements arrived, remaining at his post until the enemy attack had been driven off. It was entirely due to his exertions that the enemy was defeated and the line was completely retained. It was whilst he was being carried to a Medical Station that he died.

MILNE, William Johnstone. (reg No. 873).
Private. 16th Battalion. Canadian Scottish. Canadian Expeditionary Force.
London Gazetted on 8th June 1917.
Born on 21st December 1892 at Wishaw, Lanarkshire, Scotland.
Killed in action on 9th April 1917 at Vimy Ridge, France.
Remembered on the Vimy Memorial, France.
Digest of Citation reads:
Whilst in the process of an attack on Vimy Ridge, France, on reaching the first objective Private Milne spotted an enemy machine-gun firing on the advancing troops. He reached the gun by crawling on his hands and knees, bombing the crew and killing them, capturing the gun. On the reformation of the line he located another machine-gun. Again on hands and knees he stalked the second gun, putting the enemy crew out of action and capturing the gun.
Additional information:. Private Milne was killed shortly after capturing the second gun.

MINER, Harry Garnet Bedford. (reg No. 874).
Corporal. 58th Battalion. 2nd Central Ontario Regiment. Canadian Expeditionary Force.
London Gazetted on 26th October, 1918.
Born on 24th June 1891 at Cedar Springs, Ontario, Canada.
Killed in action on 8th August 1918 at Demuin, France.
Memorial on grave at Grouy British Cemetery, France.
Digest of Citation reads:
During an attack on 8th August 1918 at Demuin, France, Corporal Miner, single-handed, rushed an enemy machine-gun post, killed all of the crew and then turned the gun on to the enemy. Along with two others, later on, he attacked another machine-gun post successfully putting the gun out of action. He then rushed, again single-handed, an enemy bombing post. Here he bayoneted two of the garrison and put the rest of the team to flight. In the performance of this act he was mortally wounded.
Additional information:. Corporal Milne was the son of John and Orpha Miner of Chatham, Ontario, being educated at Highgate, Ontario
He joined the Army on the 1st December 1915. He sailed for England, where he trained for six weeks, on the 25th October 1916 with the 161st Battalion, Canadian Ezpeditionary Force. He transferred, and served with, the 58th Battalion, until he was killed in action, in France.
More to be added.

MIR DAST. (reg No. 875).
Jemadar. 55th Coke's Rifles (Frontier Force) attached to 57th Wilde's Rifles (Frontier Force).
London Gazetted on 29th June 1915.
Born on 3rd December 1874 at Maidan, Tirah, India.
Died on 24th June 1950 in Pakistan.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads
At Ypres, Belgium, on 26th April 1915, Jemadar Mir Dast showed most conspicuous bravery when he led his platoon in the attack. When no British officers were left, he gathered the various parties of the Regiment, taking command until the retirement was ordered. On the same day, he again displayed remarkable courage in helping to get eight British and Indian officers to safety, all the time exposed to heavy fire.
Additional information:. Subadar Mir Dast, was also awarded the Indian Order of Merit (IOM) in 1908 for gallantry during the Mohmand campaign. On 3rd June 1916 he received the Order of British India (OBI .)
He saw service on North West Frontier 1897-98 (Tochi, Medal and Clasp) and again 1901-02 (Waziristan,Clasp) and once more in 1908 (Mohmand, Medal and Clasp) and in the European War (WW1)
he served in France from 19th January, 1915 and was attached to the 57th Rifles taking part in the action at Neuve Chapelle and the second Battle of Ypres. Although he had been gassed, he continued to carry out his duties until June 1915 when he was wounded and transported to England. On 19th October 1915 he was sent back to India, rejoining his regiment. He was placed on pension on 22nd September 1917 after he failed to recover fully from the gassing.

MITCHELL, Coulson Norman. (reg No. 876).
Captain. 1st Tunnelling Company. 4th Canadian Engineers. Canadian Expeditionary Force.
London Gazetted on 31st January, 1919.
Born on 11th December 1889 at Winnipeg, Canada.
Died on 17th November 1978 at Mount Royal, Quebec, Canada.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On the night of 8th/9th October 1918, Captain Mitchell led a party to examine bridges over the Canal de L'Escaut, north-east of Canbrai, France, ahead of the advancing infantry. The main bridge had been heavily charged. The object was to stop the bridges from being demolished on the line of approach. When he reached the canal he found the bridge already blown . Captain Mitchell managed to cut several of the lead wires on one of the following bridges, which was by then, in total darkness. He then dashed across the main bridge, not knowing the strength or position of the enemy. Whilst he and his NCO were cutting the wires, the enemy decided to attack the bridge. He went to the assistance of one of the sentries, who had been wounded. He captured 12 of the enemy after killing three others. He managed to maintain the bridgehead until reinforcements arrived . Still under heavy fire, he continued with his task of neutralising the charges, knowing full well that the bridges could have been fired at any moment.
Additional information:. Captain Mitchell also held the Military Cross


MITCHELL. George Allan. (reg No. 877).
Private. London Scottish.*
London Gazetted on 10th August 1944.
Born on 30th August, 1911 at Highgate, London.
Killed in action on 24th January 1944 at Damiano Ridge, Italy.
Memorial on grave at Minturno War Cemetery, Italy, and at George Mitchell School*, Walthamstow, London.
Digest of Citation reads:
On the night of the 23rd and 24th January, 1944, during the advance, some enemy machine guns caused a delay in the momentum. The platoon commander, who almost immediately after was killed,ordered a section to carry out a right flanking movement. During the advance they were met by heavy machine-gun fire at point-blank range. Private Mitchell, a mortar-man, immediately dropped his Mortar, seized a rifle and bayonet and charged, single-handed, up the hill towards the machine-gun, all the time under extremely heavy fire from Spandau Maxims. Reaching the gun without injury, he immediately jumped into the gun-pit shooting one, and bayoneting the other member of the two-man crew. The platoon was now able to continue its advance. It wasn't long before they were held up again by fire from two well established positions of the enemy. Private Mitchell again rushed forward,firing his rifle from the hip, seemingly oblivious of the enemy fire. Followed by the rest of his section, they were able to capture the strong-point, killing six Germans and taking 12 prisoners. As they were reorganising, another machine gun fired at them. Rushing forward alone once more, he killed the crew with his rifle and bayonet. The section then came under heavy fire from small-arms and grenades from above. Private Mitchell called on the men for a further effort and he led them in an assault up a steep hillside covered with rocks. He was the first to reach the post and was the main reason that the enemy surrendered. Unfortunately, minuted later, Private Mitchell was shot through the head by one of the Germans who had just surrendered.|This man was shot by one of Mitchell's comrades
* Gordon Highlanders.
* This school was named after him.

MITCHELL, Samuel. (reg No. 878).
Captain of the Foretop. Royal Navy.
London Gazetted on 23rd July, 1864.
Born on the 8th September 1841 at Apsley Guise, Woburn, Bedfordshire.
Drowned on 16th March, 1894 in the Mikonui River, New Zealand.
Memorial on grave on a hillside near Ross, New Zealand.
Digest of Citation reads:
Captain of the Foretop, Samuel Mitchell, of HMS Harrier, at the time acting as the Captain's coxswain, during the attack at Gate Pah, Te Papa, Tauranga, New Zealand, entered the pah with Commander Hay. When his officer was wounded, he defied the order to leave him behind and save himself, and carried him to safety.
Additional information:. The son of a labourer, Samuel Mitchell joined the Navy as a boy in August 1857. After a gunnery course at HMS Excellent he joined HMS Harrier when she was commissioned at Portsmouth in August 1860. After his discharge from the Navy in 1866 he returned to New Zealand. His sea-chest and other belongings, including his Victoria Cross, were lost in Sydney.
Having settled down a Hokitiki, New Zealand, he married Agnes Ross in 1869. She bore him three sons and seven daughters.
His Victoria Cross turned up and was sold on 20th November 1908 for £50. His family managed to regain the Cross in 1928.
A coincidence, (Recorded in John Winton's, "the Victoria Cross at Sea,") tells of how his body was found by a Mr Green, who had, in fact, also been present at the attack on the Gate Pah while serving aboard HMS Eclipse.



MOFFAT, Martin. (reg No. 879).
Private. 2nd Battalion. Leinster Regiment *.
London Gazetted on 26th December, 1918.
Born on 15th April 1884 at Sligo, Ireland.
Died on 5th January 1946 at Sligo, Ireland.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
Whilst advancing, with five others, across the open ground near Ledeghem, Belgium, on 14th October 1918, the party were subjected to heavy rifle fire at close range. The fire came from a strongly held position in a house. Private Moffat, through a hail of enemy fire, rushed forward towards the house, threw bombs. Then working his way to the rear of the house, single-handedly, rushed the door, killed two of the enemy and took 30 prisoners .
* Prince of Wales Leinster Regiment.

MOLYNEUX, John. (reg No. 880).
Sergeant. 2nd Battalion Royal Fusiliers.
London Gazetted on 26th November, 1917.
Born on the 22nd November, 1890 at Peasley Cross, St Helens, Lancashire.
Died on 25th March 1972 at St Helens, Lancashire.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:.
The attack was held up by machine-gun fire at Langemarck, Belgium, on 9th October 1917, causing several casualties. In order to clear the trench in front of a house, Sergeant Molyneux quickly organised a bombing party, killing many of the enemy and capturing a machine-gun. Jumping over the trench, he called for someone to follow him, Sergeant Molyneux then rushed for the house, but by the time the party arrived in support, he was involved in a hand to hand fight. This only lasted a short while, the enemy surrendering. Around 20 to 30 prisoners were captured: not counting the dead and wounded.
Additional information:. Sergeant Molyneux also hold the Belgian Croix de Guerre. He was married, his wife's name being Mary Agnes. He received the Victoria Cross from King George V on the 12th December 1917. After his leave, he returned to rejoin his regiment, remaining with them until his demobilisation on 5th January..

MONAGHAN, Thomas. (reg No. 881).
Trumpeter. 2nd Battalion. Dragoon Guards. *
London Gazetted on 11th November 1862.
Born on 18th October 1833 at Abergavenny, Monmouthshire.
Died on 10th November 1895 at Woolwich, London.
Memorial on grave at Woolwich Cemetery, London.
Digest of Citation reads:
At Jamo, Sundeela,Oudh India, on 8th October 1858, a body of mutinous sepoys, around 30 to 40 in number, without warning,began firing on Lieutenant Colonel Seymour, the Commanding Officer of the regiment, and his party at close range, then rushing at them immediately with drawn swords.. After emptying his pistol with deadly effect on his attackers, the Colonel was brought down with two sword cuts. Trumpeter Monaghan and Private Anderson rushed to his rescue, Trumpeter Monaghan shot a mutineer who was attempting to cut him. Then, along with the Dragoon, he drove at the mutineers using their swords, allowing the Colonel to rise and help defend himself, until the enemy were finally driven off.
* Queen's Bays.
Additional information:. His Victoria Cross was sold on 5th November 1903 in London, for £43.

MONGER, George. (reg No. 882).
Private. 23rd Regiment. *
London Gazetted on 12th April 1859.
Born on 3rd March 1840 at Woodmancott, Hampshire.
Died on 9th August 1887 at St Leonards-on-Sea, Sussex.
Memorial on grave at Hastings Borough Cemetery, also at Woodmancott Church, Hampshire.
Digest of Citation reads:
Private Monger volunteered, along with Lieutenant Hackett, to bring in a wounded corporal of the 23rd Regiment, who was lying in an exposed position during the action at Secundra Bagh, Lucknow, India on 18th November 1857.
* Royal Welch Fusiliers.
Additional information:. Lieutenant Hackett (reg No. 505) also received the Victoria Cross.

MOON, Rupert Thomas Vance. (reg No. 883).
Lieutenant. 58th Battalion. * Australian Imperial Force.
London Gazetted on 14th June, 1917.
Born on the 14th August, 1892 at Bacchus March, Victoria, Australia.
Died on 28th February, 1986 at Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Memorial at Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia.
Digest of Citation reads:
Lieutenant Moon's foremost objective was a position in front of a hostile trench and then the attack on the hostile trench itself.. It was intended that, after the trench was taken, his men would attack a strong point further to the rear of the enemy line. During the initial advance the lieutenant was wounded but he reached the objective. He then led his men in the attack on the trench itself where he was wounded again, limiting his movement, all the time encouraged and inspired his men and the trench was captured. With great courage, Lieutenant Moon continued to lead and inspire, his now diminished command, in the main attack: receiving a further wound but the assault was a success. The lieutenant was wounded again whilst the men were consolidating their position. A fourth wound through his face, this time, he consented to retire for treatment. His courage and leadership was largely instrumental in the attack being a success, the enemy were in superior numbers and the safeguarding of the flank and the capture a machine guns and many prisoners.
* Victoria.
Additional information:. Captain Moon was the son of Mr and Mrs Arthur Moon of Kinnaird,, Victoria, Australia. His father worked for the National Bank of Australia as an inspector. Captain Moon was educated at Kyneton Grammar School, Victoria. He joined the Australian Army on 21st August 1914 and sailed with 4th Australian Light Horse in October 1914. He served at Anzac in the Gallipoli campaign before going to France in May 1916. He was promoted lieutenant in the 58th Australian Infantry on 9th September 1916.

MOOR, George Raymond Dallas. (reg No. 884).
Second Lieutenant. 2nd Battalion. Hampshire Regiment. *
London Gazetted on 24th July 1915.
Born on 22nd October 1896 at Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Died on 3rd November, 1918 at Mouveaux, France.
Memorial on grave at Y Farm Military Cemetery, France.
Digest of Citation reads:
A detachment of the Battalion had lost all its officers as casualties and was retiring quickly under a heavy Turkish attack on 5th June 1915, to the south of Krithia Gallipoli. Second Lieutenant Moor, at once realised the danger to the rest of the line. Rushing back, some 200 yards, he managed to stop the retreat and lead at the men back, thus recapturing the trench. This act of courage saved a dangerous situation.
* Royal Hampshire Regiment.
Additional information:. Lieutenant Moon also held the Military Cross (MC) and Bar.

MOORE, Arthur Thomas. (reg No. 885).
Lieutenant. 3rd Bombay Light Cavalry.
London Gazetted on 3rd August 1860.
Born on 20th September 1830 at Carlingford, Louth, Ireland.
Died of heart failure, after a bout of influenza, on the 25th April 1913 at his home at 18 Waterloo Place , Dublin, Ireland.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
At the Battle of Khoosh-ab, Perthshire on 8th February 1857 On the occasion of the attack led by Lieutenant Colonel Forbes CB, Lieutenant Moore who was Adjutant of the Regiment was most probably the first in the attack by at least a horses length. His horse, on leaping into the square, fell dead immediately, pressing down on the Lieutenant and breaking his sword. He dragged himself clear of the horse and found himself in the midst of the enemy's broken ranks. He tried hard to fight his way through the enemy, using his broken weapon. He would have almost certainly have lost his life had not Lieutenant Malcolmson, observed his situation and fought his way through the melee to his aid. Giving Lieutenant Moore a stirrup, he carried him safely out of danger. In the same battle Lieutenant Moore charged a square of 500 Persian infantrymen, jumping his horse over the enemy bayonets.
Additional information:.Lieutenant Malcolmson was also awarded the Victoria Cross. (see citation).
Major-General Moore was also a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB). He belonged to an old family in County Louth, being the son of Edward Francis Moore late of the 45th Regiment. He married Annie Prentice, of Ennislare, County Armagh, Ireland.
Arthur Moore began his army career on the 29th July 1850 when he joined the 3rd Bombay Light Cavalry as a Second -Lieutenant. On 28th August 1855 he was promoted Lieutenant; Captain on 29th July, 1862; Major on the 29th July, 1870; Lieutenant-Colonel on 1st July 1881. He was placed on the retired list and given the honorary rank of Major General on 13th June 1891.
More to be added.

MOORE, Hans Garratt. (reg No. 886).
Major. 88 Regiment. *
London Gazetted on 27th June 1879.
Born on 31st March 1834 at the Richmond Barracks, in Dublin, Ireland.
Died on 6th October 1889 at Lough Derg, Tipperary, Ireland..
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
During an action near Komgha, South Africa on 29th December 1877 Major Moore noticed that a private serving with the Frontier Mounted Police was having difficulty mounting his horse, leaving him at the mercy of the Kaffirs. Riding back into the midst of the Gaikas, he continued in his attempt to save the man's life but unfortunately the private was killed. Major Moore, during this attempt, shot two kaffirs but received an assegai wound in the arm.
* Connaught Rangers.
Colonel Moore was made a Companion of the Order of the Bath. (CB).

MOORE, Montagu Shadworth Seymour. (reg No. 887).
Second Lieutenant. 15th Battalion. Hampshire Regiment. *
London Gazetted on 8th November 1917.
Born on 9th October 1896 at Bournemouth, Hampshire.
Died on 12th September, 1966 at Kugenzo, Kenya.
He was cremated and his ashes were strewn in a Tanganyikan game park.
Digest of Citation reads:
A final objective that had yet to be captured needed a fresh attack to be put into operation. On 20th August 1917, near Tower Hamlets, on the east side of Ypres , Second Lieutenant Moore at once volunteered to lead a party of 70 men in this venture. As they dashed forward they encountered very heavy machine-gun fire from the flank., causing many casualties, which resulted in his arrival at the objective, 500 yards forward, with only one sergeant and four men. They at once bombed the large dug-out, taking 28 prisoners and capturing two machine guns and a light field gun. Shortly after, a party of about 60 officers and men arrived in support. His position was entirely isolated, owing to the fact that the troops to his right had not advanced. Digging a trench, he and his men managed to repel further bombing attacks throughout the night. They were forced to retire a short distance the following morning. At the first opportunity he reoccupied his position. Most of his party's weapons had been smashed as they repelled the enemy counter-attacks, but he managed to rearm them with enemy rifles and bombs, and continued to hold the position for 36 hour, all the while being continually shelled. When his force was reduced to 10 men, all that were left of six officers and 130 men who had begun the operation he was forced to retire. He managed to evacuate the position, under the cover of a thick mist, having first got away his wounded personnel..
* Royal Hampshire Regiment.
Additional information:. Major Moore worked as a game ranger in 1926 for 18 years, when he became a game warden in Tanganyika until 1951.

MORLEY, Samuel. (reg No. 889).
Private. 2nd Battalion. Military Train. *
London Gazetted on 7th August 1860.
VCs Medal's Custodian is The Royal Corps of Transport.
Born in December 1839 at East Retford, Nottinghamshire.
Died on 16th June 1888 at his home, 13, Garnet Street, Nottingham.
Memorial on grave in the General Cemetery, Nottingham.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 15th April 1858, Kooer Singh's Army were pursued by a squadron of the Military Train and some troops of the Horse Artillery at Azimgurh, India. Lieutenant Hamilton, of the 3rd SikhCavalry, became unhorsed and was surrounded by the enemy, who cut and hacked at him as he lay on the ground. Private Morley, seeing the Officers predicament, and despite the fact that his own horse had been shot from under him, immediately, with the aid of Farrier Murphy, cut down one of the Sepoys, and continued fighting over the Lieutenants body until assistance arrived. This action saved Lieutenant Hamilton from being killed on the spot
* Royal Army Service Corps.
Additional information:. Private Morley's service career began with the 8th Hussars where he served in the Crimea from September 1855. A year later, he transferred to the Military Train (Royal Army Service Corps). His regiment was sent to India, and he fought in the Indian Mutiny.
He was presented with his Victoria Cross by her Majesty Queen Victoria in Home Park, Windsor.
Private Morley felt somewhat perturbed when he learned that Farrier Murphy had been awarded the Victoria Cross. He told General Paget CB of his grievance, during his inspection at Aldershot in 1860. The general took up the complaint, read reports of the action, and on the evidence the powers that be, decided that Morley should also receive the VC.
After spending nearly 15 years in the army, he was discharged in 1870. He found work at the local Gas-works. He died at the age of 59. The City of Nottingham, subscribed and paid for a stoned to be erected on the grave of their local hero.

MORROW, Robert. (reg No. 890).
Private. 1st Battalion. Royal Irish Fusiliers.
London Gazetted on 22nd May, 1915.
Born on 7th September 1891 at Coalisand, Dungannon, County Tyrone, Ireland.
Killed in action on 25th April 1915 at St Jan ,Ypres, Belgium.
Memorial on the grave at the White House Cemetery, Belgium.
Digest of Citation reads:
On the 12th April 1915, near Messines, Belgium, Private Morrow rescued and carried several men to places of safety. These men had been buried under the debris of trenches which had been raked with shellfire. Private Morrow worked on entirely on his own initiative, all the time being under extremely heavy shellfire from the German guns.
Additional information. Private Morrow's mother received the Victoria Cross from King George V at an Investiture at Buckingham Palace. He was also presented with the Medal of St George, 3rd Class which the Tsar of Russia had conferred upon him.
Private Morrow was to appear in a large commemoration painting by Monsieur Cairier-Bellew, commissioned by the French Government . (Unable to confirm it was ever finished).

MOTT, Edward John. (reg No. 891).
Sergeant. 1st Battalion. Border Regiment.
London Gazetted on 10th March 1917.
Born on 4th July 1893 at Drayton, near Abingdon, Berkshire.
Died on 20th October 1967 at Withay, Oxfordshire..
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
During an attack on 27th January 1917, near Le Transloy, France, Sergeant Mott's company were subjected to machine-gun fire, coming from an enemy strong point, causing the company to be held up. Sergeant Mott rushed for the gun, capturing it. and after a struggle, made the enemy gunner prisoner. It was mainly due to his efforts, that the left flank was able to attack successfully.
Additional information:. Sergeant Mott was the son of John Mott of Drayton in Berkshire. He was educated at Abington Council School. He enlisted in the Border Regiment on New year's Eve, 1910. In April 1915 he took part in the landing at the Dardanelles, where on 28th April he won the Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM). After this he was evacuated from there in January 1916, going to Egypt. From there, in March 1916, he went to France to fight. He won his Victoria Cross during Kaiser Bill's birthday attack.


MOTTERSHEAD, Thomas (reg.No.892)
Sergeant 20 Squadron Royal Flying Corps.
London Gazetted on 12th February 1917.
Born on: 17th January 1893 at Widnes, Lancashire.
Died on: 12th January 1917 at Bailleul, France.
Memorial at: Bailleul Communal Cemetery Extension, France and on an Obelisk, Victoria Park, Widnes.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 7th January 1917 near Ploegsteert Wood, Belgium, Sergeant Mottershead was on flying patrol when he was attacked at an altitude of 9.000 feet, the petrol tank pierced and the machine set on fire. Enveloped in flames which his observer was unable to subdue, the sergeant nevertheless managed to take his aircraft back to the Allied lines and made a successful landing. The undercarriage collapsed on touching the ground however, throwing the observer clear but pinning the pilot in his cockpit. He was subsequently rescued but Died on four days later.
Additional information: He also held the Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM) Added to the citation in VC 1856 to 1920 it states, 'Though suffering extreme torture from burns, Sgt Mottershead showed the most conspicuous presence of mind in the careful selection of a landing place, and his wonderful endurance and fortitude undoubtably saved the life of his observer. He has since succumbed to his injuries'. He was married. His wifes name was Lilian.

MOUAT, James. (reg No. 893).
Surgeon. 6th Dragoons. *
London Gazetted on 2nd June 1858
Born on 14th April 1815 at Chatham, Kent.
Died on 4th January 1899 at his home at 1, Palace Gate Gardens, Kensington, London.
Memorial on grave at Kensal Green cemetery, London.
Digest of Citation reads:
While serving in Crimea, after the charge of the Light Brigade at Balaclava, on 26th October 1854, Surgeon Mouat went to the aid of Lieutenant Colonel Morris, who was lying in an exposed position and seriously wounded. With the aid of Sergeant Wooden,** of the 17th Lancers, dressed the wounds of the officer, thus preventing a serious haemorrhaging. All this activity taking place under extremely heavy Russian fire. Together, the two men managed to get the Lieutenant Colonel to safety.
* Inniskilling Dragoons.
**Sergeant Wooden was one of the Foreigners who was awarded the VC
Additional information:. Surging General Sir James Mouat was the son of Dr James Mouat. He became an FRCS at University College and Hospital, London. In 1838 he became an Assistant Surgeon in the Army Medical Department. He served with the 6th Dragoons as their surgeon and, in charge on a general field hospital until fall of Sebastopol. He saw service at the Battles of Balaclava, Inkerman, and the Battle of Tcherenaya.
Apart from the Victoria Cross, he is also a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB), also holding the Crimean Medal with three clasps and the Legion of Honour.
He was promoted in 1858 Deputy Inspector General of hospitals, followed by Inspector-General in 1864. He was appointed Honorary Surgeon to her Majesty Queen Victoria in 1888.

MOUNTAIN, Albert. (reg No. 894).
Sergeant. 15th/17th Battalion. West Yorkshire Regiment.
London Gazetted on 7th June 1918.
Born on the 19th April, 1895 at Leeds, Yorkshire.
Died on 7th January 1967 at Leeds, Yorkshire.
Memorial at Lawnswood Crematorium, Leeds, Yorkshire.
Digest of Citation reads:
Sergeant Mountain, and his party of 10 men attacked, with a Lewis gun, an advanced German patrol, killing half of its 200 personnel. In the face of overwhelming odds, the sergeant rallied his men and proceeded to cover the retirement of the rest of the company. 600 Germans were held off for half-an-hour by this party consisting of Sergeant Mountain and four men. He later took command of a flank post of the Battalion, where they held out for 27 hours, after which, they were totally surrounded.
Additional information:. Sergeant Mountain also held the French decorations, the Croix de Guerre and the Medaille Militaire.

MOYNEY, John. (reg No. 895).
Lance-Sergeant. 2nd Battalion. Irish Guards.
London Gazetted on 17th October 1917.
Born on 8th January 1885 at Rathdowney, Queen's County, Ireland.
Died on the 10th November 1980 at Roscrea, Tipperary, Ireland.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
Whilst in command of 15 men, forming two advanced posts on the 12th/13th September, 1917, near Broembeek, Belgium, Sergeant Moyney, held his post for 96 hours, all the time surrounded by the enemy. A large force of Germans were sent to drive him from his post on the morning of the 5th day. Seizing the initiative, he ordered his men from their shell holes to attack the oncoming force with bombs, whilst he used a Lewis gun, from the flank, with devastating effect. Finding himself surrounded by a force superior in numbers, he led his men in a charge back through the enemy until they reached a stream that ran between the two posts. Instructing the party to cross at once, Sergeant Moyney and Private Woodcock stayed in that position, allowing them to retire safely. When all his party was safe on the opposite side. he then crossed the stream himself, under a shower of enemy bombs. It was due to the courage and initiative of this NCO that he was able to bring his entire party safely out of action.
Additional information:. He was the son of James and Bridget Moyney. He was married to Bridget and they had a child named Mary.
He joined the army as a private in the Irish Guards on 6th April 1915. Private Moyney went to France on 5th October 1915, promoted to Lance-Corporal 20th December 1915, promoted Lance Sergeant 8th October 1916 and Sergeant on 27th September 1917.

MOYNIHAN, Andrew. (reg No. 896).
Sergeant. 90th Regiment. *
London Gazetted on 24th February 1857.
Born on 8th September 1831 at Wakefield, Yorkshire.
Died from a severe attack of fever on 19th May 1867 at his residence, Floriana, Malta .
Memorial on grave at Ta Braxia Cemetery, Malta .
Digest of Citation reads:
At the assault on the Redan on 8th September 1855 in the Crimea, Sergeant MOYNIHAN, a member of the storming party, encountered and killed five Russian soldiers and was the first man to enter.. He was taken prisoner as he tried to rescue the body of Lieutenant Swift, a wounded officer who lay near the Redan under extremely heavy fire. He was later released when the British force advanced. Sergeant MOYNIHAN had been bayoneted twice.
* Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)
Additional information: . Captain MOYNIHAN died whilst serving in Malta as Acting Inspector of Musketry. He was buried with full military honours on Monday, 20th May 1867.

MUGFORD, Harold Sandford. (reg No. 897).
Lance-Corporal. 8th Squadron. Machine-Gun Corps.
London Gazetted on 26th November 1917.
Born on 31st August, 1894 at St James's, London.
Died on 16th June 1958 at Chelmsford, Essex.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
At Monchy-le-Preux, France, on 11th April 1917, Lance-Corporal Mugford, under intense enemy fire, got his machine gun into an exposed forward position where he was able to apply productive fire on the enemy, causing losses as they were massing for a counter-attack. His No.2, on the gun, was killed almost instantly and was himself wounded at the same time. He was ordered to a new position, and once it was secured, he was to get his wounds dressed. He refused to do this and stayed on firing his gun, causing severe damage. Both his legs were broken by a shell, but in spite of this he remained at his gun. He was eventually wounded again , this time in the arm, when he was taken to the dressing station.

MUIR, Kenneth. (reg No. 898).
Major. 1st Battalion. Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. *
London Gazetted on the 5th January 1951.
Born on 6th March 1912 at Chester.
Killed in action on 23rd September 1950 near Songju in Korea.
Memorial at United Nations Memorial Cemetery, Pusan, Korea also in St Peter's churchyard, Frimley, Surrey.
Digest of Citation reads:
On the 23rd September, 1950 near, Songju, Korea, there was some difficulty in the evacuation of the wounded after the capture of a position. Major Muir arrived with a stretcher party. The enemy began to launch a series of attacks on their position. Major Muir took command and the position received a direct hit from a fire bomb: causing several more casualties. The major then led a counter-attack that regained the crest of the position. Determined to hold this position until all the wounded had been evacuated, he moved amongst his men giving encouragement and himself taking over a two-inch mortar and firing it until he was mortally wounded.
* Princess Louise's Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders.
Additional information: Major Muir also held the United Nations Silver Star.

MULLANE, Patrick. (reg No. 898).
Sergeant. Royal Horse Artillery.
London Gazetted on the 16th May, 1881.
Born in October 1858 at Ahmednuggar, Deccan, India.
Died on 20th November 1919 at Plaistow, Sussex.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
During the action on the 27th July, 1880 at Maiwand, Afghanistan, Sergeant Mullane, when the battery to which he belonged was on the point of retiring, he ran back about two yards and picked up Driver Pickwell Istead, who was wounded, and laid him on a limber. Unfortunately the wounded man died almost at once. During the retreat, Sergeant Mullane volunteered to go for water for the wounded men. He did this by entering one of the villages, where so many men had previously lost their lives.
Additional information:. He later became a sergeant major and was, on his discharge, given a pension.


MULLIN, George Harry. (Reg. No. 900).
Sergeant (later Major) Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, Eastern Ontario Regiment. CEF.
London Gazetted on 11th January 1918.
Born on: 15th August 1892 at Portland, Oregon. USA
Died on: 5th April 1963 at Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada.
Buried at the Legion Plot, South Cemetery, Moosomin, Saskatchewan. Canada.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 30 Ocober 1917 at Passchendaele, Belgium, Sergeant Mullin single-handed captured a pill-box which had withstood heavy bombardment and was causing heavy casualties and holding up the attack. He rushed the sniper's post in front, destroyed the garrison with bombs, shot two gunners and then compelled the remaininfg 10 men to surrender. All the time rapid fire was directed on him and his clothes were riddled with bullets, but he never faltered in his purpose and he not only helped to save the situation but indirectly saved many lives.
Additional information: Army No. 51339 Sergeant George, H. Mullin was the son of Mr and Mrs Harry Mullin. He was educated in Canada at Moosomin, Saskatchewan. On the 11th November 1914, at the age of 22, he joined the Army. He served in Princess Patricia's Light Infantry and another company for nearly a year, in the European War (WW1) b efore coming a sniper.
On the 2nd of June 1916 he was wounded in the third Battle of Ypres. Invalided to England for treatment he returned to his Regiment in September 1916. He was put in charge of the Snipers after being made Corporal in November 1916. Promoted to Sergeant in April 1917 he was in charge of both Snipers and Scouts until March 1918.
He returned to England where he was given a commission after a course as an officer at Canadian Officers Training School, Bexhill, Surrey. He was married on 13th April 1918 at Heaton Chapel, Stockport, England.
He retained the position of Bombing Officer to the 6th Canadian Reserve until the Armistice. In June 1919 he returned, with his wife, to Canada.
Apart from the award of the Victoria Cross he also held the Military Medal.

MULLINS, Charles Herbert. (reg No. 901).
Captain. Imperial Light Horse. South African Forces.
London Gazetted on 12th February 1901.
Born on 28th June 1869 at Grahamstown, Cape Colony, South Africa.
Died on 24th May 1916 at Johannesburg, South Africa.
Memorial on Grahamtown War monument and also at St Andrew's Chapel, Grahamstown, Cape Colony, South Africa.
Digest of Citation reads:
At a most critical moment on 21st October 1899 at Elandslaage, up South Africa, severe fire at point-blank range halted, momentarily, the advance. Captain Mullins and Captain Johnston rushed forward and rallied the men. enabling the flanking movement to be carried out successfully. During this action Captain Mullins was wounded.
Additional information:. Major Mullins was created a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG). His body, in a battle later in the war, was riddled with bullets, causing him to be crippled and suffer illnesses. .
In 1902 he married Norah Gertrude Haslam and they had two sons.
More to be added.

MUNRO, James. (reg No. 902).
Colour-Sergeant. 93rd Regiment. *
London Gazetted 8th November, 1860.
Born in 1827 at Nigg, Cromarty, Ross, Scotland.
Died on the 15th February 1871 at Inverness, Scotland.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
At the Secundra Bagh , Lucknow, India, on 16th November 1857, Colour Sergeant Munro went to the rescue of Captain Walsh, of the 93rd Regiment, who was severely wounded. He then carried the wounded officer to a place of safety, which incidentally, the sergeant himself, was carried to shortly afterwards, when he was wounded.
* Princess Louise's Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders.

MURPHY, Michael. (reg No. 903).
Farrier. 2nd Battalion. Military Train. *
London Gazetted on the 27th May, 1859.
Born in 1831 at Cahir, Tipperary, Ireland.
Died on 4th April 1893 at Darlington, County Durham.
Memorial on grave at Darlington North Municipal Cemetery, Darlington. County Durham.
Digest of Citation reads:
On the 15th April, 1858 during the pursuit of Koer Singh's rebel army from Asimeghur, India, Farrier Murphy along with Private Morley, also the 2nd Battalion, went to the rescue of Lieutenant HAMILTON, Adjutant of the 3rd d Sikh Cavalry, who had been wounded, dismounted and was surrounded by the enemy. Farrier Murphy cut down several of the enemy and was himself severely wounded, however this did not deter him and he never left Lieutenant HAMILTON's side until support arrived.
* Royal Army Service Corps.
Additional information:. Michael Murphy was promoted to Farrier-Major, in the 7th Hussars. The Victoria Cross was awarded to him, but not to Private Morley.
Private Morley felt somewhat perturbed when he learned that Farrier Murphy had been awarded the Victoria Cross, when they had both been involved in the rescue of the Lieutenant. He told General Paget CB of his grievance, during his inspection at Aldershot in 1860. The general took up the complaint, read reports of the action, and on the evidence,. the powers that be decided that Morley should also receive the VC.

MURPHY, Thomas. (reg No. 904).
Private. 2nd Battalion. 24th Regiment. *
London Gazetted on the 17th December, 1867.
Born in 1839 in Dublin Ireland.
Died on 22nd March 1900 in Philadelphia, United States of America.
Memorial not known.
On the 7th May, 1867, Private Murphy, along with Assistant Surgeon C M Douglas and Privates Bell, J Cooper and W Griffiths, all of the 24th Regiment, manned a boat, making their way through a dangerous surf, in order to rescue their comrades who had been sent to the island of Little Andaman, in the Bay of Bengal, in order to determine the fate of the Commander and seven members of the crew of HMS Assam Valley, who it was feared had been murdered by the cannibalistic inhabitants of the island.
* South Wales Borderers.
Additional information:. They report states, 17 officers and men were rescued from what must otherwise have been, a fearful risk, if not one of certain death.

MURRAY, Henry William. (reg No. 905).
Captain. 13th Battalion. * Australian Imperial Force.
London Gazetted on 10th March 1917.
Born on 30th December, 1884 at Launceston, Tasmania.
Died on 7th January 1966 at Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
Memorial at Mount Thompson Crematorium, Brisbane and on the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia.
Digest of Citation reads:
Captain Murray, in command of the right flank company, led his assault with great skill and quickly captured the position. Fierce fighting followed and the company under Captain Murray's leadership managed to repel three heavy counter-attacks. They suffered heavy casualties during the night, caused by heavy enemy shellfire, forciong them, on one occasion, to give ground for a short distance. Captain Murray rallied his men and saved the situation. With bravery and determination he encouraged his men by heading bombing parties and bayonet charges and by getting the wounded to a place of safety. Throughout the action he set a fine example and showed conspicuous bravery.
* New South Wales.
Additional information:. Lieutenant Colonel Murray was created a Companion of St Michael and St George (C M G). He also held the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) and Bar and the Distinguished Conduct Medal. (DCM).

MURRAY, James. (reg No. 906).
Lance-Corporal. 2nd Battalion. Connaught Rangers.
London Gazetted on the 14th March, 1882.
Born in February 1859 at St Michael's, Cork, Ireland.
Died on 19th July 1942 in Dublin, Ireland.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
Lance-Corporal Murray and Trooper Danaher, of Nourse's Horse, advanced, under extremely heavy fire from approximately 60 Boers, for a distance of 500 yards, in the open, at Elandsfonteri, Pretoria, South Africa. The two men managed to bring in a private, of the 21st Foot Regiment, who was severely wounded. Lance-Corporal Murray, during this brave act, was also severely wounded.
Additional information:. A more concise statement tells that the two men went out to rescue two men of the 2nd Royal Scots Fusiliers, namely, Byrne and Davis, both of whom had been badly wounded. As soon as they started forward Murray's horse was shot under him. He continued on foot.
In a letter dated 25th March 1891, Lance-Corporal Murray wrote that they both, (he and Danaher) reached them together, and whilst he was stooping to raise Byrne's head, he was shot, the ball entering the right side and exiting close to the spine. He ordered Danaher, on seeing how useless it was for him to remain, to secure his (Murray's)carbine and get away. Byrne died at his side soon after. He went on to tell that Davis and he, along with Byrne's body, were taken prisoner by the Boers. They were well treated and returned, by courtesy of the Boer Commander, under a flag of truce, along with their dead comrades body. Five days later, Davis died

MURRAY, John. (reg No. 907).
Sergeant. 68th Regiment. *
London Gazetted on the 4th November, 1864.
Born in February 1837 at Birr, Kings County,, Ireland.
Died on 7th November 1911 at Derrinlogh, Kings County, Ireland.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
When the enemy's position was being stormed, on 21st June 1864 at Tauranga, New Zealand, Sergeant Murray, without any help, charged up to a rifle pit, and killed or wounded the eight or ten of the enemy positioned there. He then made his way up the works, still fighting fiercely and bayoneting the enemy.
* Durham Light Infantry.

MYLES, Edgar Kinghorn. (reg No. 908).
Lieutenant. 8th Battalion. Welch Regiment.
London Gazetted on the 26th September, 1916.
Born on the 29th July 1894 at Wanstead, Essex.
Died on the 1st February 1977 at Bishopsteignton Devon.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
At Sanna-i-Yat, Mesopotamia, on 9th April 1916, Lieutenant Murray went out alone several times, under heavy enemy rifle fire, to assist the wounded men lying in the open. Under extremely dangerous circumstances he carried a wounded officer to a place of safety.
Additional information:. Captain Myles also held the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) Gazetted and the 25th January 1917.
He joined the Army as a private in the Worcestershire Regiment on 14th August 1914 and was given a temporary commission as second Lieutenant with the 9th Battalion. In August 1915, after obtaining a commission in the regular army, he was transferred to the Welch Regiment, only to rejoin his old regiment almost straight away. He saw service in the Middle East at Gallipoli and in Mesopotamia. During the evacuations at Savla Bay and Helles in 1915 and 1916, he was the officer in charge of the rearguard.

MYLOTT, Patrick. (reg No. 909).
Private. 84th Regiment. *
London Gazetted on the 24th December, 1858.
Born in 1820 at Hollymount, near Claremorris, County Mayo, Ireland.
Died on the 22nd December, 1878 at Liverpool, Lancashire.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
Between the dates, 12th July to 25th September, 1857, Private Mylott on several occasions showed conspicuous gallantry at every encounter his unit made with the enemy. On one occasion, under a hail of musket fire, he rushed across an open road to take an enemy enclosure opposite.
* York and Lancaster Regiment.
Additional information:. Sergeant Mylott was elected by his regiment, under Rule 13 of the Royal Warrant, to receive the Victoria Cross.

MYNARSKI, Andrew Charles. (reg No. 910).
Warrant Officer II. 419 Squadron. Royal Canadian Air Force.
London Gazetted on 11th October 1946.
Born on 14th October 1916 at Winnipeg, Canada.
Died of his injuries on the 13th June, 1944 at Canbrai, France.
Memorial on grave at Maharicourt Cemetery, Somme, France and at Mynarski Lakes, Manitoba, Canada.
Digest of Citation reads:
Pilot Officer * Mynarski was the mid- upper gummer of a Lancaster that had been attacked by enemy fighters causing a fire in the aircraft. The captain gave orders for the crew to bale out and as Pilot Officer made his way to the escape hatch, he spotted the rear-gunner who was trapped in his turret. He made his way through the flames to the gunners aid, but despite his efforts to save him, he couldn't release him. He was eventually persuaded that nothing more could be done to help the gunner and by this time his own clothing was on fire. He made his way once more to the escape hatch and baled out. He was so badly burned, when he was found by the French, that he died of his injuries the following day.
* At the time of the raid, he was unaware that he'd been promoted to Pilot Officer with effect from 11th June 1944