CADELL, Thomas (reg
No. 166)
Lieutenant. 2nd Bengal European Fusiliers ( Royal Munster Fusiliers)
London Gazetted on 29th April 1862.
Born on 5th September 1835 at Cockenzie, East Lothian, Scotland.
Died on 6th April 1919 at Edinburgh.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 12th June, 1857 at Delhi, India, during the siege, Lieutenant Cadell brought in a wounded bugler of his own regiment under most severe fire. Later on the same day, when the Fusiliers were retiring, this officer went back of his own accord and, accompanied by three men, brought in a severely wounded man under heavy fire from the advancing enemy.
Additional information:. Colonel Cadell was the cousin of Lieutenant S H Lawrence VC. He also holds the Companion of ( the Order of ) the Bath. (CB)

CAFE, Willie Martin. (reg No. 167)
Captain. 56th Bengal Native Infantry
London Gazetted on 17th February, 1860.
Born on 23rd March 1826 at London.
Died on 6th August 1906.
Memorial at grave in Brompton Cemetery, London.
Digest of Citation reads:.
On 15th April 1858 during the attack on Fort Ruhya, India, Captain Cafe, with other volunteers * carried away the body of a lieutenant from the top of the glacis in a most exposed position under very any fire. He then went to the rescue of one of the privates who had been his severely wounded.
* See E. Spence (reg No. 1175) and A.Thompson (reg No. 1211).
Additional information: Attained rank of General.


CAFFREY, John. (reg No. 168)
Private 2nd Battalion The York and Lancaster Regiment.
London Gazetted on 22nd January 1916.
VC Medal's Custodian is The York And Lancaster Regimental. Museum
Born on 23rd October 1890 want at Birr, King's County *, Ireland. (* later Offaly).
Died on 26th February 1953 at Derby.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 16th November 1915 near Labrique, France, a man was badly wounded and lying in the open unable to move, in full view of and about 350 yards from the enemy's trenches. A corporal of the RAMC and Private Caffrey at once started to rescue him, but at the first attempt were driven back by shrapnel fire. They tried again and succeeded in reaching and bandaging the wounded man, but just as they were lifting him up, the RAMC corporal was shot in the head. Private Caffrey bandaged the corporal and helped him back to safety, and then returned and brought in the other wounded man.
Additional information:. Private Caffrey also held the Cross of the Order of St George 4th Class (Russian).

CAIN, Robert Henry. (reg No. 169).
Major The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers attached to The South Staffordshire Regiment /// 1st Airborne Division.
London Gazetted on 2nd November 1944.
Born on 2nd January 1909 at Shanghai, China.
Died on 2nd May 1974 at Crowborough, Sussex.
Memorial in Garrison Church, Whittington Barracks, Lichfield, Staffordshire.
Digest of Citation reads:
During the period it 19th-25th September 1944 at Arnhem, Holland, Major Cain's company was cut off from the Battalion and throughout the whole of this time was closely engaged with enemy tanks, self-propelled guns and infantry. The major was everywhere danger threatened, moving among his men and encouraging them to hold out. By his leadership he not only stopped, but demoralised the enemy attacks and although he was suffering from a perforated eardrum and multiple wounds, he refused medical attention.
Additional information:. He was elected a member of the Nigerian House of Representatives, (1951) whilst working, in West Africa ,with the Shell Oil Coy.

CAIRNS, George Albert. (reg No. 170)
Lieutenant. The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's) attchd. The South Staffordshire Regiment.
London Gazetted on 20th May 1949.
Born on 12th December 1913 at London.
Died on 19th March 1944 at Henu Block, Burma.
Memorials at Taukkyan War; The Garrison Church, Whittington Barracks, Lichfield, Staffs., and in Brighstone Cemetery, Isle of Wight.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 13th March 1944 at Henu Block, Burma, during an attack on a hill top held by the Japanese, Lieutenant Cairns was attacked by a Japanese officer who with his sword hacked off the lieutenants left arm. The latter killed the officer, picked up the sword and continued to lead his men, slashing left and right with the captured sword, killing and wounding several of the enemy before he himself fell to the ground. He later Died on of wounds, but his action so inspired his comrades that the Japanese were completely routed, a very rare occurrence at that time.
Additional information: Lieutenant Cairns was the last Victoria Cross recipient to be Gazetted for valour in the Second World War. Although he won the VC in 1944, the Cross was not awarded, posthumously, until 1949. The recommendation for Lieutenant Cairns' award was in the crash, of the aircraft, carrying General Wingate. The recommendation was not recovered until the war was over.

CAIRNS, Hugh. (reg No. 171).
Sergeant 46th Battalion. (South Saskatchewan) Saskatchewan Regiment, C E F.
London Gazetted on 31st January 1919.
Born on the 4th December 1896 at Ashington, Northumberland.
Died on 2nd November 1918 at Valenciennes, France. (Died on of wounds)
Memorial at grave in Auberchicourt British Cemetery, France.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 1st November 1918 at Valenciennes, France, when a machine gun opened fire on his platoon, Sergeant Cairns seized a Lewis gun and single-handed and, in the face of direct fire, rushed the post, killed the crew of five and captured the gun. Later, after killing 12 of the enemy and capturing 18 and two guns, he went with a small party and, although wounded, outflanked more field and machine guns, killing many and capturing all the guns. After consolidation he went with a battle patrol to exploit Marly and forced 60 to surrender, but was severely wounded. He later collapsed and Died on next day.
Additional information: He also held the distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM).


CALDWELL, Thomas. (reg No. 172)
Sergeant 12th Battalion The Royal Scots Fusiliers.
London Gazetted on 6th January 1919.
Born on 10th February 1894 at Carluke, Lanarkshire, Scotland.
Died on 7th June 1969 at Adelaide, Australia.
Memorial at Centennial Park Crematorium, Adelaide, Australia.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 31st October, 1918 near Audenarde, Belgium, Sergeant Caldwell was in command of a Lewis gun section engaged in clearing a farm house, and when this section came under intense fire at close range, the sergeant rushed towards the farm, captured the enemy position single-handed and took 18 prisoners. This gallant and determined exploit removed a serious obstacle from the line of advance and led to the capture by the section of about 70 prisoners, eight machine guns and one trench mortar.
Additional information: Attained rank of Company Sergeant-Major.

CALVERT, Laurence. (reg No. 173)
Sergeant 5th Battalion. The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry.
London Gazetted on 15th November 1918.
Born on 16th February 1892 at Hunslet, Leeds, Yorkshire.
Died on 7th July 1964 at Dagenham, Essex.
Memorial at South Essex Crematorium, Upminster, Essex.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 12th September 1918 at Havrincourt, France, severe enfilade machine-gun fire was creating a difficult situation and Sergeant Calvert went forward alone against a machine gun team, bayoneting three and shooting four. His valour and determination in capturing single-handed two machine-guns and killing the crew ensured the success of the operation. His personal gallantry inspired all ranks.
Additional information:. Sergeant Calvert also held the Military Medal (MM).

CAMBRIDGE, Daniel. (reg No. 174)
Sergeant (later Master Gunner) Royal Regiment of Artillery.
London Gazetted on 23rd June 1857.
Born on in 1820 at Carrickfergus, County Antrim, Ireland.
Died on 12th June 1882 at Woolwich, London.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 8th September, 1855 at Sebastopol, Crimea, Sergeant Cambridge volunteered for the spiking party at the assault on the Redan and remained with the party even after being severely wounded. Later on the same day he went out under heavy fire to bring in a wounded man.
Additional information:. Sergeant Cambridge became a Yeoman of the Guard in 1871.

CAMERON, Aylmer Spicer. (reg No. 175)
Lieutenant 1st Battalion 72nd Regiment (Seaforth Highlanders) ---(Ross-shire Buffs, Duke of Albany's).
London Gazetted on 11th November 1859.
Born on 12th August 1833. (birthplace not known)
Died on 13th June 1909 at Alverstoke, Hampshire.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 30th March 1858 at Kotah, India, Lieutenant Cameron headed a small party of men and attacked a body a fanatic rebels, previously posted in a loopholed house with one narrow entrance. Lieutenant Cameron storm the house and killed three of the rebels in single combat. He was severely wounded, having lost half of one hand by a stroke from a tulwar*
* A kind of sword.
Additional information:. Colonel Cameron also holds the Companion of (the Order of ) the Bath. He commanded the King's Own Borderers from 1881-83 ---he was chief of the Intelligence Department from 1883-86. From 1886 to 1888 he was the Commandant of the Royal Military College at Sandhurst.

CAMERON, Donald. (reg No. 176).
Lieutenant Royal Naval Reserve.
London Gazetted on 22nd February 1944.
Born on 18th March 1916 at Carluke, Lanarkshire, Scotland.
Died on 10th April 1961 at Haslar, Hampshire.
Memorial. He was buried at sea.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 22nd September 1943 at Kaafjord, Norway, Lieutenant Cameron, commanding Midget Submarine X6, and another Lieutenant * commanding Midget Submarine X7, carried out a most daring raid and successful attack on the German Battleship Tirpitz. The two submarines had to travel at least 1,000 miles from base, negotiate a minefield, dodge nets, gun defences and enemy listening posts. Having eluded all these hazards they finally placed the charges on underneath the ship where they went off an hour later, doing so much damage that the Tirpitz was out of action for months are stop
* B.C.G. Place (reg No. 991).
Additional information: Commander Cameron transferred to the Royal Navy in 1946 and served on submarines for the rest of his service. He became the Commander ( Submarines ) at Fort Blockhouse in 1955. He was portrayed in a film of this action by Sir John Mills.



CAMPBELL, Frederick William. (reg No. 177)
Lieutenant 1st. Battalion Western Ontario Regiment. C E F.
London Gazetted on 23rd August 1915.
Born on 15th June 1867 at Mount Forest, Ontario, Canada.
Died on 19th June 1915 at Givenchy, France. (Died on of wounds)
Memorials at Boulogne Eastern Cemetery, France.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 15th June 1915 at Givenchy, France, Lieutenant Campbell took two machine gun detachments forward and in face of heavy fire reached the German front line trench with one gun which he kept in action after nearly all his detachment had been killed or wounded. When a German counter-attack came, Lieutenant Campbell advanced his Gun still further and by firing about 1,000 rounds succeeded in holding the enemy back, but he was mortally wounded and Died on four days later

CAMPBELL, Gordon. (reg No. 178)
Commander. Royal Navy.
London Gazetted on 21st April 1917.
Born on 6th January 1886 at Croydon, Surrey.
Died on 3rd July 1953 at Isleworth, London.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 17th February 1917 in the North Atlantic, Commander Campbell Commanding HMS Q5 * sighted a torpedo track. He altered course and allowed the torpedo to hit Q 5 aft by the engine room bulkhead. The 'Panic party'got away convincingly, followed by the U-boat. When the submarine had fully surfaced and was within 100 yards of Q 5 ---badly damaged and now lying low in the water, the commander gave the order to fire. Almost all of the 45 shells fired hit the U-boat which sank. Q5 was taken in tow just-in-time and was safely beached.
* designated mystery ships the Q5 was an armed, disguised merchantman
Additional information: Vice-Admiral Campbell also held the Distinguished Service Order ( DSO) and two Bars; the Croix de Guerre avec Palmes and the Légion d'Honneur (France). He was the uncle of Lieutenant-Colonel L Maclaine Campbell VC. From 1931 until 1935 he was the Member of Parliament for Burnley. He was the author of My Mystery Ships .

CAMPBELL, John Charles. (reg No. 179).
Brigadier Royal Horse Artillery comd. 7th Armoured Division.
London Gazetted on 3rd February 1942.
Born on 10th January 1894 at Thurso, Caithness, Scotland.
Died on 26th February 1942 in Libya.
Memorial at Cairo War Memorial Cemetery, Egypt and All Saints Cathedral, Cairo, Egypt.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 21st November 1941 at Sidi Rezegh, Libya, Brigadier Campbell's small force holding important ground was repeatedly attacked and wherever the fighting was hardest he was to be seen either on foot or in his open car. Next day, under intensified enemy attacks, he was again in the forefront, encouraging his troops and personally controlling the fire of his batteries---he twice manned a gun himself to replace casualties. During the final attack, although wounded, he refused to be evacuated. His brilliant leadership was the direct cause of the very heavy casualties inflicted on the enemy, and did much to maintain the fighting spirit of his men.
Additional information: Major General Campbell also held the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) and 2 Bars as well as the Military Cross (MC).

CAMPBELL, John Vaughan. (reg No. 180).
Lieutenant-Colonel Comd. 3rd Battalion Coldstream Guards.
London Gazetted on 26th October 1916.
VC Medal's Custodian is the Coldstrteam Guards Regimental HQ.
Born on 31st October 1876 in London.
Died on 21st May 1944 at Woodchester, Gloucestershire.
Memorial at Cawdor Parish Church, Nairn, Scotland. (cremated at Cheltenham, Gloucestershire).
Digest of Citation reads:
On 15th September 1916 at Ginchy, France, Lieutenant Colonel Campbell took personal command of the third line when the first two waves of his battalion had been decimated by machine gun and rifle fire. He rallied his men and led them against the enemy machine guns, capturing the guns in killing the personnel. Later in the day he again rallied the survivors of his Battalion and led them through very heavy hostile fire. His personal gallantry and initiative at a very critical moment enabled the division to press on and capture objectives of the highest tactical importance.
Additional information:. Brigadier General CAMPBELL was also a Companion of St Michael and St George (CMG) as well as holding the Distinguished Service Order (DSO). Prior to the above he served in the South African War from 1899-1902. From 1919-33 he was ADC to King George V. He was a Member of the Hon. Corps of Gentlemen at Arms from 1933-1944.

CAMPBELL, Kenneth. (reg No. 181).
Flying Officer 22 Squadron Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve.
London Gazetted on 13th March 1942.
Born on 21st April 1917 at Saltcoats, Ayr, Scotland.
Died on 6th April 1941 at Brest, France. (Killed in action).
Memorial at Brest (Kerfautras) Cemetery, Lambezellec France.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 6th April, 1941 over Brest harbour, Flying Officer Campbell attacked the German battle cruiser Gneisenau. He ran the gauntlet of concentrated anti-aircraft fire and launched a torpedo at point blank range. The ship was severely damaged below the waterline and was obliged to return to the dock whence she had come only the day before. Flying Officer Campbell's aircraft then met a withering wall of flak and crashed into the harbour.

CAMPBELL, Lorne McLaine. (reg No. 182).
Lieutenant Colonel Comd.7th Battalion, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. (Princess Louise's).
London Gazetted on 8th June 1943.
Born on 22nd July 1902 at The Airds, Argyllshire, Scotland.
Died on 25th May 1991 at The Airds, Argyllshire, Scotland. Airline.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 6th April 1943 at Wadi Akarit, Tunisia, the battalion commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Campbell had to break through an enemy minefield and anti-tank ditch in order to form a bridgehead. The Battalion formed up in darkness and then attacked at an angle. This difficult operation was successfully completed and at least 600 prisoners taken. Next day the position was subjected to heavy and continuous bombardment and although the Colonel was wounded, his personality dominated the battlefield. Under his inspiring leadership the attacks were repulsed and the bridgehead held.
Additional information: Brigadier Campbell also holds the Distinguished Service Order and Bar, Order of the British Empire and the Territorial Decoration. In addition he was an Officer, The Legionof Merit (USA).
He was Honorary Colonel of the 8th Battalion Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders from 1954-67. He was the nephew of Commander G Campbell VC.


CARLESS John Henry.(Reg.No.183)
Ordinary Seaman. Royal Navy.
London Gazetted on 17th May 1918
Born on 11th November 1896 at Walsall, Staffordshire.
Died on 17th November 1917. At Sea off Heligoland
Memorials at: Portsmouth Naval Memorial and a Bronze Bust outside Library, Walsall..(Picture in file)
Digest of Citation reads:
On 17th September 1917 at the battle of Heligoland, Ordinary Seaman Carless of HMS Caledon, although mortally wounded in the abdomen, still went on serving his gun and helping to clear away the casualties. He collapsed once, but got up again and cheered on the new gun's crew. He then fell and Died on. He not only set a very inspiring example, but while mortally wounded continued to do effective work against the enemy.
Additional Information: In the European War, the last real engagement of battleships took place on the 17th November 1917 at Heligoland Bight. Under the Command of Admiral Sir Charles Napier, on board his flagship HMS Repulse, the light cruisers Calypso and Caledon were following the battleships Kaiser and Kaiserine of the German Navy. As they were in virtually uncharted minefields they had to proceed with some caution.
In the confrontation, with the enemy ships, the British light cruisers were hit by salvoes from the Kaiser and the accompanying Kaiserine. Meanwhile, the German flagship of Admiral von Reuter, the Konigsberg, was engaged by the Repulse.
It was not a great battle. The enemy lost only a torpedo boat.The great courage shown by the Captain and crew of HMS Caledon gave the battle credibility.
Ordinary Seaman John Carless was the Rammer on a gun that was hit, causing many casualties. He was hit in the stomach, mortally wounding him. With this injury he continued to serve his gun also clearing away casualties. He collapsed but managed to get up, once more, and cheer the crew that took over the gun before falling again, dead.
In honour of his courage the townspeople of Walsall. in Staffordshire, erected a bronze bust outside the Public Library. It is an excellent likeness of the young man, who gave his life for his country, only six days after his twenty-first birthday.*
He was the son of Mr John Thomas and Elizabeth, (née Smith) Carless. He was educated at the local catholic school St Mary on the Mount, Walsall. On the 1st September 1915 he joined the Royal Navy at the age of eighteen.
It is apt that they hold the Remembrance Day service before his monument in Walsall on the 11th November. It was also John's Birthday.
* (Up to that date he hadn't been eligible to vote. But he could die for his country.)

CARLIN, Patrick (reg No. 184).
Private 1st Battalion 13th Regiment (Somerset Light Infantry - ( Prince Albert's).
London Gazetted on 26th October 1858.
Born on in 1832 at Belfast, Ireland.
Died on 11th May 1895 at Belfast, Ireland.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 6th April 1858 at Azumgurh, India, Private Colin rescued from the field of battle a wounded naik * of the 4th Madras Rifles, after killing with the naik's sword a mutineer sepoy who fired on him while he was carrying his wounded comrade on his shoulders.
* Corporal.

CARMICHAEL, John. (reg No. 185).
Sergeant 9th Battalion The North Staffordshire Regiment (Prince of Wales).
London Gazetted on 17th October 1917.
Born on 1st April 1893 at Airdrie, Lanarkshire, Scotland.
Died on 26th December 1977 at New Monkland, Airdrie, Lanarkshire, Scotland.
Memorials on grave at New Monkland Parish Churchyard and the Garrison Church, Whittington Barracks, Lichfield, Staffordshire.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 8th September 1917 near Hill 60, Zwarteleen, Belgium, when excavating a trench, Sergeant Carmichael saw that a grenade had been unearthed and had started to burn. He immediately rushed to the spot shouting to his men to get clear, put his steel helmet over the grenade and then stood on the helmet. The grenade exploded and blew him out of the trench. He could have thrown the bomb out of the trench but realised that by doing so he would have endangered the lives of the men working on the top. He was seriously injured.
Additional information:. Sergeant, Carmichael also held the Military Medal (MM).

CARNE, James Power. (reg No. 186)
Lieutenant Colonel. Commanding 1st Battalion The Gloucestershire Regiment.
London Gazetted on 27th October, 1953.
Born on 11th April 1906 at Falmouth, Cornwall.
Died on 19th April 1986 at Cheltenham, Gloucestershire.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 22nd/23rd April, 1951 near the Imjim River, Korea, Lieutenant Colonel Carne's Battalion was heavily and incessantly engaged by vastly superior numbers of the enemy. Throughout this time Colonel Carne moved among the whole battalion under very heavy mortar and machine-gun fire, inspiring the utmost confidence and the will to resist among his troops. On two separate occasions, armed with a rifle and grenades, he personally led assault parties which drove back the enemy and saved important situations. His courage, coolness and leadership was felt not only in his own Battalion but throughout the whole brigade.
Additional information: Colonel Carne also holds the Distinguished Service Order (DSO), Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) of the United States of America. He was also the Deputy Lieutenant of the county of Gloucester.
Whilst a prisoner of war, he carved a cross from stone which was used for religious services inside the prison camp. The stone cross rests and is preserved in Gloucester Cathedral.

CARPENTER, Alfred Francis Blakeney. (reg No. 187).
Captain Royal Navy.
Gazetted 23rd July 1918.
Born on 17th September 1881 at Barnes, Surrey.
Died on 27th December 1955 at St. Briavils, Gloucestershire.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads: ,
On 22nd/23rd April 1918 at Zeebrugge, Belgium, Captain Carpenter was in command of HMS Vindictive, navigating mined waters and bringing the ship alongside the Mole in darkness. When Vindictive was within a few yards of the Mole, the enemy started and maintained a heavy fire from batteries, machine-guns and rifles. Captain Carpenter supervised the landing from Vindictive on to the Mole, walking the decks, encouraging his men. His power of command, personal bearing and encouragement to those under him greatly contributed to the success of the operation..
Additional information: Vice-Admiral Carpenter was awarded the VC by ballot. He also held the Royal Humane Society's bronze medal for life-saving, the Croix de Guerre and Legion d'Honneur (France). From 1940 to 1944 he commanded the 17th Gloucester Battalion of the Home Guard. He was the Director of Shipping at the Admiralty in 1945. His book The Blocking of Zeebrugge was published by Herbert Jenkins Ltd.


CARROLL, John (reg No. 188).
Private. 33rd Battalion (New South Wales) Australian Imperial Force.
London Gazetted on 2nd August 1917.
VC Medal's Custodian is the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia.
Born on 15th August 1892 at Brisbane in Australia.
Died on 4th October 1971 at Perth, Australia.
Memorials at Karrakakatta Cemetery, Perth and on the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 7th/12th June, 1917 at St Yves, France, during an attack, Private Carroll rushed the enemy's trench and bayoneted four of the occupants. He then noticed a comrade in difficulties and went to his assistance, killing another of the enemy. Next he attacked single-handed a machine gun team, killing three of them and capturing the gun. Later two of his comrades were buried by a shell and in spite of heavy shelling and machine-gun fire, he managed to rescue them.

CARTER, Herbert Augustine. (reg No. 189).
Lieutenant. Mounted Infantry, Indian Army.
London Gazetted on 9th December 1904.
Born on 26th May 1874 in Exeter.
Died on 13th January 1916 at Mwelo Mdogo, East Africa.
Memorials at St Erth Churchyard, Cornwall, in York Minster and in Bodmin Parish Church.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 19th December 1903 during a reconnaissance at Jidballi, Somaliland, when two sections were retiring before a force of Dervishes who outnumbered them by 30-1, Lieutenant Carter rode back alone, a distance of 400 yards, to the assistance of a private who had lost his horse and was closely pursued by a number of the enemy. The man was so badly wounded that it took three attempts to get him onto the horse.
Additional information: He attained rank of Major and also served in the First World War from 1914-1916.

CARTER, Nelson Victor. (Reg No. 190).
Company Sergeant Major 12th Battalion. Royal Sussex Regiment.
London Gazetted on 9th September 1916.
Born on 9th April 1887 at Eastbourne.
Died on 30th June 1916 (killed in action).
Memorials at R.I. Rifles Churchyard, Laventie, France; On the regimental memorial Chichester Cathedral and on the War Memorial, Hailsham, Sussex.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 30th June 1916 at Boar's Head , Richebourg l'Avoue, France, during an attack Company Sergeant-Major Carter was in command of the 4th wave of the assault. Under intense shell and machine-gun fire he penetrated, with a few men, into the enemy's second line and inflicted heavy casualties with bombs. When forced to retire into the enemy's first line, he captured a machine gun and shot a Gunner with his revolver. Finally, after carrying several wounded men in to safety, he was himself mortally wounded and Died on in a few minutes.

CARTON de WIART, Adrian. ( Reg No. 191).
Lieutenant Colonel. 4th Dragoon Guards. (Royal Irish) attached to, and Commanding, the 8th Battalion of the Gloucestershire Regiment .
London Gazetted on 9th September 1916.
Born on 5th May 1880 in Brussels, Belgium.
Died on 5th June 1963 at Killinardrish, County Cork, Ireland.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 2nd/3rd July 1916 at La Boiselle, France, Lieutenant Colonel Carton de Wiart's dauntless courage and inspiration averted what could have been a serious reverse. He displayed the utmost energy in forcing the attack home and after three other battalion commanders had become casualties, he controlled their commands and made sure that the ground was held at all costs. In organising the positions to be held, he exposed himself fearlessly to enemy fire. He was wounded eight times* during the course of the First World War.
*These wounds included the loss of an eye and his left hand.
Additional information:. Lt. General Carton-de-Wiart was a Knight of the British Empire (KBE); Companion of (the Order of) the Bath (CB); a Companion of St Michael and St George (CMG); the Distinguished Service Order(DSO); the Croix d'Officier de la Couronne,(Belgium); the Croix de Guerre(Belgium);the Croix de Guerre(France); Legion de Honneur (France);the Polish Cross of Valour. He commanded the British Military Mission to Poland 1918-1924.
He served with the Polish army and the Central Norwegian Expeditionary Force in World War Two. He was taken prisoner en route to his appointment with the Military Mission to Yugoslavia in 1941. On his release from being a prisoner-of-war he helped negotiate the Italian surrender in 1943. After which he then went to be the Military Representative with General Chiang Kai-Shek. He was the author of the book, Happy Odyssey

CARTWRIGHT, George. (reg No. 192).
Private. 33rd Battalion (New South Wales) Australian Imperial Force.
London Gazetted on 14th December 1918.
Born on 9th December 1894 at Camberwell, London.
Died on 2nd February 1978 at Epping, New South Wales, Australia.
Memorial at the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 31st August 1918 at Road Wood, south-west of Bouchavesnes, near Peronne, France, when two companies were held up by machine-gun fire, Private Cartwright attacked the gun alone under intense fire. He shot three of the crew and, having bombed the post, captured the gun and nine of the enemy.
Additional information: Captain Cartwright also held the E D* . He served with the 28th Infantry Training Battalion, at the reception training depot, Eastern Command, Australia, during World War Two.
* Not yet traced this Decoration.


CASSIDY, Bernard Matthew. (Reg. No.193)
Second Lieutenant 2nd Battalion The Lancashire Fusiliers.
London Gazetted on 3rd May 1918
Born on 17th August 1892 at Manchester.
Died on 28th March 1918 at Arras, France.
Memorial at Arras Memorial, France.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 28 March 1918 at Arras, France, at a time when the flank of the division was in danger , Second Lieutenant Cassidy was in command of the left company of his battalion. He had been given orders to hold on to the position at all costs and he carried out this instruction to the letter. Although the enemy came in overwhelming numbers he continued to rally and encourage his men, under terrific bombardment until the company was eventually surrounded and he was killed.


CASTLETON, Claude Charles. (reg No. 194).
Sergeant 5th Machine Gun Corps, Australian Imperial Force.
London Gazetted on 26th September 1916.
VC Medal's Custodian is the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia.
Born on 12th April 1893 at Kirkley, Lowestoft, Suffolk.
Died on 29th July 1916 near Pozieres, France. (killed in action)
Memorials at Pozieres British Cemetery, France and on the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 28th/29th July, 1916 near Pozieres, France, during a night attack the infantry was temporarily driven back by a deep intense machine-gun fire from the enemy trenches. Many wounded were left in " no man's land '' lying in shell holes. Sergeant Castleton went out twice in the face of this intense fire, and each time brought in a wounded man on his back. He went out a third time and was bringing in another wounded man when he himself was hit in the back and killed instantly.

CATES, George Edward. (reg No. 195).
Second Lieutenant 2nd Battalion The Rifle Brigade. (Prince Consort's Own).
London Gazetted on 11th May 1917.
Born on 8th May 1892 at Wimbledon, Surrey.
Died on 9th March 1917 at Bouchavesnes, France.
Memorials at Hem Military Cemetery, France; in Wimbledon Church and on The Rifle Brigade Memorial, Winchester Cathedral.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 8th March 1917 east of Bouchavesnes, France, Second Lieutenant Cates was engaged with some others in deepening a captured trench when his spade struck a buried bomb which immediately started to burn Without hesitation he put his foot on it and it immediately exploded. This act cost him his life, but saved the lives of others with him.

CATHER, Geoffrey St George Shillington. (reg No. 196).
Lieutenant 9th Battalion Royal Irish Fusiliers.
London Gazetted on 9th September 1916.
Born on 11th October 1890 at London.
Died on 2nd July 1916 at Hamel, France. (killed in action).
Memorial at Thiepval Memorial, France.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 1st July 1916 near Hamel, France, from 7pm till midnight, Lieutenant Cather searched "no-man's-land " and brought in three wounded men. Next morning, at 8am, he continued his search, brought in another wounded man and gave water to others, arranging for their rescue later. Finally, at 10:30am, he took out water for another man and was proceeding further on when he was himself killed. All this was carried out in full view of the enemy and under direct machine-gun fire and intermittent artillery fire.

CATOR, Harry. (reg No. 197).
Sergeant. 7th Battalion East Surrey Regiment.
London Gazetted on 8th June 1917.
Born on 24th January 1894 at Drayton, Norwich.
Died on 7th April 1966 at Sproston, Norwich.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 9th April 1917 near Arras, France, Sergeant Cator's platoon had suffered heavy casualties from a hostile machine gun. Under heavy fire the sergeant, with one man, advanced across the open to attack the gun and when his companion was killed, he went on alone. Picking up a Lewis gun and some drums on his way, he succeeded in reaching the enemy trench and sighting another hostile machine on, he killed the entire team and the officer. He held the end of the trench with such effect that the bombing squad were able to capture 100 prisoners and five machine-guns.
Additional information: Captain Cator also held the Military Medal (MM) and the Croix de Guerre (France).

CHAFER, George William. (reg No. 198).
Private 1st Battalion East Yorkshire Regiment.
London Gazetted on 5th August 1916.
Born on 16th April 1894 at Bradford, Yorkshire.
Died on 2nd March 1966 at Rotherham, Yorkshire.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 3rd/4th June 1916 east of Meaulte, France, during a very heavy bombardment and attack on our trenches, a man carrying an important written message to his commanding officer was half-buried and rendered unconscious by a shell. Private Chafer, at once grasping the situation, on his own initiative, took the message from the man's pocket and, although severely wounded, choking and blinded by gas, ran along the ruined Parapet under heavy shell and machine-gun fire. He just succeeded in delivering the message before he collapsed from the effects of his wounds.

CHAMPION, James.(reg.No.199)
Troop Sergeant-Major 8th Hussars (The King's Royal Irish)
London Gazetted on20th January 1860.
Born on in 1834 at Hammersmith, London.
Died on 4th May 1904 at London.
Memorial on grave at Hammersmith Cemetery, London.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 8th September 1858 at Beejapore, India, when both the officers attached to the troop were disabled, Troop Sergeant-Major Champion, although severely wounded himself at the start of the action, nevertheless continued to do his duty and wounded several of the enemy. He was also commended for his distinguished conduct at Gwalior.
Additional information: T.S.Mjr Champion also held the Military Service Medal (MSM). He also a survivor after taking an active part in the Light Brigade's charge at Balaclava.

CHANNER, George Nicolas. (Reg. No.200)
Captain . Bengal Staff Corps and 1st Gurkha Rifles.
London Gazetted on 12th April 1876.
Born on 7th January 1843 at Allahabad, India.
Died on 13th December 1905 at Westward Ho, in Devon.
Memorial Not Known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 20 December 1875 at Perak, Malaya Captain Channer was the first to jump into the enemy's stockade to which he had been despatched with a small party to obtain intelligence of its strength and position. The stockade was formidable and it would have been impossible to bring guns to bear on it because of the steepness of the hill and the density of the jungle. If Captain Channer and his party had not been able to take the stockade in this manner it would have been necessary to resort to the bayonet, with consequent great loss of life.
Additional information: He was the son of Colonel George Girdwood Channer and his wife, Susan, the daughter of the vicar of Lanlivery, Cornwall, the Reverend Nicolas Kendal.
His education took place at Truro Grammar School and Cheltenham College. He joined the Bengal Infantry as an Ensign and was promoted Lieutenant in 1861. He served on the North West Frontier of India, taking part in the Umbeyla Expedition of 1863-64.(Medal & clasp); the Lushai Expedition 1870-71; the Malay Peninsula 1875-76 where he won his VC. He was thanked by the Indian Government and the Colonial Office and a clasp was added to the Frontier Medal marked ‘Perak'. In his next campaign, in 1877-78, the Jawaki Afridi Expedition, he obtained another clasp.
He married Annie Isabella Watson of Shooter's Hill (daughter of J.W.Watson) and had ten children, six boys and four girls.. Unfortunately , two of the boys Died on ar early ages.
He served in the Afghan War 1878-80, serving at the capture Peiwar Kutal and many minor skirmishes. He was made Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel as well as being mentioned in Despatches and medal and clasp. He commanded the 1st Brigade in the Black Mountain Expedition. He was made a CB and again Mentioned in Despatches and a clasp to the medal.
Awarded a Good Service Pension in 1893 and promoted Major-General; to Lieutenant-General in 1896; to General in 1899.
He enjoyed shooting and exploring. He was an excellent shot. A great deal of his free time was spent exploring the Himalayas and Tibet.

CHAPLIN, John Worthy (reg No. 201).
Ensign. 67th Regiment. (Royal Hampshire Regiment).
London Gazetted on 13th August 1861.
Born on 23rd July 1840 at Ewhurst Park, Hampshire.
Died on 19th August 1920 at Market Harborough, Leicestershire.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 21st August 1860 at the Taku Forts, China, Ensign Chaplin was carrying the Queen's Colours of the Regiment and first planted the Colours on the beach made by the storming party, assisted by a private. He then planted the Colours on the bastion of the fort which he was the first to mount, but in doing so he was severely wounded.
Additional information: Attained rank of Colonel.

CHAPMAN, Edward Thomas. A (reg No. 202).
Corporal. 3rd Battalion The Monmouthshire Regiment.
London Gazetted on 13th July 1945.
Born on 13th January, 1920 at Pontlottyn, Glamorgan, Wales.
Died on in February 2002 at Pontypool, Wales.
Memorial at Chapman House, TA Centre Cwmbran, Monmouthshire.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 2nd April, 1945, near the Dortmund-Ems Canal, Germany, Corporal Chapman's section came under heavy machine-gun fire, causing many casualties. He ordered his men to take cover and went forward alone with a Bren gun, mowing down the enemy at point blank range, forcing them to retire. His section isolated, Corporal Chapman again halted the enemy advances with his Bren gun, at one time at firing it over his shoulder to cover those bringing him ammunition. He then carried in his company commander who was lying wounded, but on the way back the officer was killed and Corporal Chapman wounded.
Additional information:. Company Sergeant-Major Chapman also held the British Empire Medal (BEM). He served from 1948-53 and from 1954-57 in the second Battalion of the Monmouthshire Regiment Territorial Army.
His death was reported in the Daily Mirror on 6th February, 2002. He had suffered for some years with heart trouble. His daughter, Mrs Janet Morris, told of his unassuming manner, "He was the most modest person you could imagine. One would never know that he was awarded a scout badge, let alone a Victoria Cross." At this time there are only seventeen living holders of the VC.(7th Feb.2002)

CHARD, John Rouse Merriott (Reg. No 203)
Lieutenant. Corps of Royal Engineers
VC London Gazetted on 2nd May 1879
Born on 21st December 1847 at Pathe, Bridgewater, Somerset.
Died on 1st November 1897 at, The Rectory, Hatch Beauchamp, Somerset.
Memorials on grave and stained glass window at St. John the Baptist's Church, Hatch Beauchamp; Othery Church, Somerset; Rochester Cathedral, Kent; John Chard VC House, TA Centre, Swansea.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 22nd and 23rd January 1879 at Rourke's Drift, Natal, South Africa, Lieutenant Chard shared the command of the defenders of the post with Lieutenant Gonville Bromhead (Reg. No.124) of the 2nd Battn. 24th Regiment, setting a fine example and conducting himself with great gallantry in most trying circumstances.
Additional information: John R. M .CHARD was Born on the 21st of December 1847. He was the son of Mr. W. W. Chard of Pathe, Somerset and Mount Tamar, Devon He was educated at Plymouth New Grammar School Cheltenham, and then at Woolwich. He join the Corps of Royal Engineers in 1868. Whilst he was serving in Bermuda the Zulu Wars began and he was shipped to South Africa. Whilst serving at Rorke's Drift, Natal, he was awarded the Victoria Cross along with Lieutenant Bromhead. London Gazette, 2nd May 1879 stated: J.M.R. Chard, Lieut. (Now Captain and Brevet Major) and G. Bromhead, Lieut. (Now Captain and Brevet Major) 2nd Battn. 24th Regt. For their gallant conduct at the defence of Rourke's Drift, on the occasion of the attack, by the Zulus on the 22nd and 23rd of January 1879
Queen Victoria caused the names of Lieutenants Chard, Bromhead, Melvill and Coghill, (the latter two getting the VC for gallantry at Islandhlwana) to be inscribed on the colour pole of the 24th Regiment.
Not long after the siege of Rourke's Drift, John Chard became ill with fever and was sent to Ladysmith to recuperate. When well he was able to take part in the Battle of Ulundi. Nearing the end of 1879 he was ordered home where he received a telegram from the Queen to join her at Balmoral. Colonel Chard retired from the Army in August 1897 to Hatch Beauchamp ,Somerset, where he died at the Rectory, three months later on November the 1st that year of Cancer of the tongue.
The Memorial on his grave reads:
BORN 21. DEC. 1847. DIED 1. NOV.1897.


CHARLTON, Edward Colquhoun, (Reg. No 204.)
Guardsman 2nd Battalion Irish Guards
London Gazetted on 2nd May 1945
VC Medal's Custodian is the Guards Regimental HQ
Born on 15th June 1920 at Rowland's Gill, Durham.
Died on 21st April 1945 at Elsdorf, Germany.
Memorials at his grave in Becklingen War Cemetery and at St. John's Church, Old Trafford, Manchester.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 21 April 1945 at Wistedt, Germany, Guardsman Charlton was a co-driver of one tank of a troop which, with a platoon of infantry, captured the village. When shortly afterwards, all the tanks were hit in a fierce enemy attack, and the infantry were in danger of being over-run, Guardsman Charlton, on his own initiative, seized a Browning and advanced firing from the hip, inflicting such heavy casualties that the enemy were halted. Although wounded in the left arm the guardsman mounted his gun on a fence and continued firing even when wounded again. He Died on later, but his gallantry had saved a desperate situation

CHASE, William St. Lucien. (reg No. 205).
Lieutenant. 20th Native Infantry, Indian Army.
London Gazetted on 7th October 1881.
Born on 2nd July 1856 at St Lucia, West Indies.
Died on 24th June 1908 at Quetta, Baluchistan.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 16th August, 1880 at Deh Koja, near Kandahar, * Lieutenant Chase with the help of a private+ rescued and carried for a distance of over 200 yards under the fire of the enemy, a wounded soldier who had taken shelter in a Blockhouse. Several times they were compelled to rest, but they persevered and finally brought the wounded man to a place of safety.
* In the Afghan war.
+ see also T. Ashford (reg No. 38)
Additional information: Colonel Chase also held the Companion of (the Order of) the Bath (CB)

CHATTA SINGH. (reg No. 206).
Sepoy* (later Havildar**). 9th Bhopal Infantry, Indian Army.
London Gazetted on 21st June 1916.
Born on in 1887 at a Talsander District, Cawnpore, India.
Died on in March 1961 in India (?)
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 13th January 1916 during the Battle of the Wadi, Mesopotamia, Sepoy Chatta Singh left cover to assist his commanding officer, who was lying wounded and helpless in the open. The sepoy bound up the officer's wounds and then dug cover for him with his entrenching tool, being exposed all the time to very heavy rifle fire. For five hours until nightfall he stayed with the wounded officer, shielding him with his body on the exposed side. He then, under cover of darkness, when back for assistance and brought the officer to safety.
*Private -----**Sergeant.
Additional information: he also held the P V S M (India)( not yet identified Medal).

CHAVASSE, Noel Godfrey (Reg. No. 207)
Captain Royal Army Medical Corps attchd 1/10th Battalion The King's (Liverpool) Regiment
London Gazetted on 26th October 1916 and 14th September.1917 (Bar)
Born on 9th November 1884 at Oxford
Died on 4th August 1917 (Of wounds)Near Ypres, Belgium
Memorials on grave at Brandhoek Military Cemetery, Belgium; Headquarters of Liverpool Scottish and at Liverpool Cathedral.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 9 August 1916, at Guillemont, France, Captain Chavasse attended to the wounded all day under heavy fire, frequently in view of the enemy, and during the night he continued searching for wounded in front of the enemy lines. Next day under heavy shell fire he and a stretcher bearer carried an urgent case 500 yards to safety, being wounded himself during the journey. The same night with 20 volunteers, he rescued three wounded men from a shell hole 36 yards from enemy trenches, buried the bodies of two officers and collected many identity discs. Altogether he save the lives of some 20 wounded men.

Bar Citation reads
During the period 31 July to 2 August 1917 at Wieltje, Belgium, Captain Chavasse, although severely wounded early in the action while carrying a wounded officer to the dressing station, refused to leave his post and in addition to his normal duties, went out repeatedly under heavy fire to attend the wounded.During this time, although practically without food, worn with fatigue and faint from his wound, he helped to carry in badly wounded men, being instrumental in saving many who would otherwise have Died on under the bad weather conditions. Captain Chavasse subsequently died on of his wounds.

CHERRY, Percy Herbert. (reg No. 208).
Captain 26th Battalion (Queensland and Tasmania) Australian Imperial Force.
London Gazetted on 11th May 1917.
VC Medal's Custodian is the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia.
Born on 4th June 1895 at Murradoc, Drysdale, Victoria, Australia.
Died on 27th March 1917 at Lagnicourt, France. (killed in action )
Memorials at Queant Road Cemetery, France and on the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 26th March 1917 at Lagnicourt, France, Captain Cherry was commanding a company detailed to storm and clear a village. After, all the other officers of the company had become casualties, he carried on in the face of fierce opposition and cleared the village of the enemy. Having done this, he beat off most resolute and heavy counter-attacks. He was wounded in early next morning, but refused to leave his post and remained, encouraging his men to hold out at all costs, until in the afternoon he was killed by an enemy shell.
Additional information: He also held the Military Cross (MC)

CHESHIRE, Geoffrey Leonard. (reg No. 209)
Wing Commander. 617 Squadron.. Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve.
London Gazetted on 8th September 1944.
Born on 7th September 1917 at Chester.
Died on 31st July 1992 at Cavendish, Suffolk.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
From June 1940 when his operational career began, until the end of his 4th tour in July 1944, when he had completed a total of 100 missions Wing Commander Cheshire displayed the courage and determination of an exceptional leader. During his 4th tour he pioneered a new method of marking enemy targets, flying in at a very low level in the face of strong defences. In four years of fighting against the bitterest opposition he maintained a standard of outstanding personal achievement, his successful operation being the result of careful planning, brilliant execution and supreme contempt for danger..
Additional information:. Group Captain Cheshire also held the Order of Merit (0M), the Distinguished Service Order and two Bars (DSO) and the Distinguished Flying Cross. (DFC).
He wrote several books including, Bomber Pilot, Pilgrimage to the Shroud and The Face of Victory.
He was the founder of the first Cheshire Home, a hospice for the incurable.
His Citation for the Victoria Cross, covered his four years of active service.

CHHELU RAM. (reg No. 210).
Company Havildar-Major 6th Rajputana Rifles, Indian Army.
London Gazetted on 27th July 1943.
Born on 4th May 1905 at Dhenod Village, Hissar District,Bhiwani, Punjab.
Died on 20th April 1943 near Enfidaville, Tunisia. (killed in action).
Memorial at grave in Sfax War Cemetery, Tunisia.
Digest of Citation reads:
On the night of the 19th/20th April, 1943 at Djebel Garli, Tunisia, the advances of a battalion of the 5th Indian Infantry Brigade was held up by machine gun and mortar fire. Company Havildar-MajorChhelu Ram dashed forward and with a Tommy gun and kill the occupants of a post and then went to the aid of his company Commander who had become a casualty. While doing so he was himself wounded, but taking command of the company, he led them in hand-to-hand fighting. He was again wounded but continued rallying his men until he Died on.

CHICKEN, George Bell. (Reg. No.211).
Mr. Volunteer with the Indian Naval Brigade.
London Gazetted on 27th April 1860
Born on 6th March 1838 at Bishopswearmouth, County Durham.
Died in May 1860 at sea in the Bay of Bengal.
Memorial not known.
Citation reads.
On 27 September 1858, at Suhednee, near Peroo,(Piru) Bengal, Mr. Chicken attached himself to a mixed party of troopers of mounted police and cavalry. They routed a force of about 700 mutineers and in the pursuit which followed Mr. Chicken forged ahead and charged into the middle of about 20 of the enemy, killing five before he was knocked off his horse and badly wounded. He would have been cut to pieces if four of the troopers had not galloped up and rescued him. (see also C.G.Baker. Reg. No. 46)
Additional information: 'The Victoria Cross 1856-1920' states that "for great gallantry on the 4th September 1858." It goes on to give the above citation. It refers to "Kaye and Malleson, Vol V1.,Page 172."
No name of ship is given or the actual date it was lost, with all hands, other than May 1860. He was referred to as Acting Master in the Indian Naval Brigade.[At present I am not sure whether he was a civilian volunteer when referred to as 'Mr' or, whether its an abbreviation of 'Ships Master'.]

CHOWNE, Albert. (reg No. 212).
Lieutenant 2nd/2nd Battalion (New South Wales) Australian Military Forces.
London Gazetted on 6th September 1945
VC Medal's Custodian is the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia..
Born on 19th July 1920 at Sydney, Australia.
Died on 25th March 1945 at Wewak, New Guinea. (killed in action).
Memorials at Lae War Cemetery, New Guinea and on the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 25th March 1945 near Dagua, New Guinea, Lieutenant Chowne attacked an enemy position which was holding up further movement towards Wewak. Seeing that the leading platoon was suffering heavy casualties, Lieutenant Chowne rushed forward and knocked out two light machine guns with grenades and then, calling on his men to follow him and firing his sub-machinegun from the hip, he charged the position. Although he was twice wounded in the chest, the impetus of his charge carried him forward 50 yards under intense machine-gun and rifle fire and he accounted for two more of the enemy before he was killed.
Additional information:. Lieutenant Chowne also held the Military Medal (MM).

CHRISTIAN, Harry. (reg No. 213).
Private 2nd Battalion The King's Own (Royal Lancaster) Regiment.
London Gazetted on 3rd March 1916.
Born on 17th January, 1892 at Pennington, Lancashire.
Died on 5th September, 1974 at Lancashire (?).
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 18th October 1915 at Cuinchy, France, Private Christian was holding a crater with five or six men in front of the Allied lines. The enemy started a fierce bombardment of the position, forcing a temporary withdrawal. When he found that three men were missing, Private Christian at once returned alone to the crater and although bombs were continually bursting actually on the edge of the crater, he found, dug out and carried one by one into safety, all of the three men. Later he placed himself where he could see the bombs coming and directed his comrades when and where to seek cover.

CHRISTIE, John Alexander. (reg No. 214)
Lance-Corporal 1st/ 11th Battalion (County of London) The London Regiment. (Finsbury Rifles).
London Gazetted on 22nd February 1918.
Born on 14th May 1895 at Edmonton, London.
Died on 10th September 1967 at Bramhall, Cheshire.
Memorial on grave at Stockport, Cheshire..
Digest of Citation reads: and 21st run and run for a je pars after booze and recaptured the immediately made can be kept up their communication trenches the
On 21st/22nd December, 1917 at Fejja, Palestine, after a position had been captured, the enemy immediately made counter-attacks up the out organs see what's happening took us apply communication trenches. Lance-Corporal Christie, seeing what was happening, took a supply of bombs and went alone about 50 yards in the open along the communication trench and bombed the enemy. He continued to do this in spite of heavy opposition until a block had been established. On his way back he bombed more of the enemy who were moving up the trench. His prompt action cleared a difficult position at a most difficult time and saved many lives.

CLAMP, William. (reg No. 215).
Corporal 6th Battalion. The Yorkshire Regiment (Alexandra, Princess of Wales' Own).
London Gazetted on 18th December, 1917.
Born on 28th October 1891 at Motherwell, Lanarkshire, Scotland.
Died on 9th October 1917 at Poelcapelle, Belgium. (killed in action).
Memorial at Tyne Cot Memorial, Belgium.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 9th October 1917 at Poelcapelle, Belgium, when the advance was checked by intense machine-gun fire from concrete block houses and by snipers, Corporal Clamp attempted to rush the largest Blockhouse. His first attempt failed and the two men with him became casualties, but he collected some bombs and two more men and dashing forward was the first to reach the Blockhouse where he hurled his bombs, killing many of the occupants. He then entered, capturing a machine gun and about 20 prisoners whom he brought back under heavy fire. He went forward again encouraging his men and displaying the greatest heroism until killed by a sniper.

CLARE, George William Burdett. (reg No. 216).
Private 5th Lancers (Royal Irish)
London Gazetted on 11th January, 1918.
Born on 18th May 1889 at St Ives, Huntingdonshire.
Died on 29th November 1917 at Bourlon Wood, France. (killed in action)
Memorials at Cambrai Memorial, France; St Peter's and St Paul's Church, Chatteris, Cambridgeshire and on the War Memorial, Chatteris, Cambridgeshire.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 28th/29th November, 1917 at Bourlon Wood, France, Private Clare, a stretcher bearer, dressed wounds and conducted the wounded to the dressing station under the most intense fire. At one period, when all the garrison of a detached post had become casualties, he crossed to them through very heavy fire and having dressed all the cases, manned the posts single-handed until relief could be sent. Then, after carrying a seriously wounded man through the intense fire to the dressing station, he went, still under heavy fire, to every company post warning them but the enemy were using gas shells. This gallant soldier was subsequently killed.

CLARK-KENNEDY, William Hew. (reg No. 679).
Lieutenant Colonel. 24th Battalion. Quebec Regiment * Canadian Expeditionary Force.
London Gazetted on 14th December, 1918.
Born on 3rd March 1879 at Dunskey, Wigtownshire, Scotland.
Died on 25th October 1961 at Montreal, Canada.
Memorial on grave at Mount Royal Cemetery, Montreal, Canada.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 27th/28th August, 1918 on the line at Fresnes-Rouvroy , France, the Brigade, of which Lieutenant Colonel Clark-Kennedy's Battalion was a central unit, suffered heavy casualties. At this point, the colonel encouraged his men and led them forward, then by controlling the direction of neighbouring units and collecting stragglers he enabled the whole Brigade front to advance. The following day he was severely wounded, but despite intense pain and loss of blood, he refused to be evacuated until he had gained a position from which the advance could be resumed.
* Victoria Rifles.
Additional information:. Lieutenant Colonel Clark-Kennedy was a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG). He also held the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) and Bar and the Croix de Guerre of France.
More to be added.

CLARKE, James. (reg No. 217).
Sergeant 15th Battalion. The Lancashire Fusiliers.
London Gazetted on 6th January 1919.
Born on 6th April 1894 at a Winsford, Cheshire.
Died on 16th June 1947 at Rochdale, Lancashire.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 2nd November, 1918 at Happegarbes, France, when Sergeant Clarke's platoon was held up by heavy machine-gun fire, he rushed forward through a strongly held ridge, capturing in succession forurmachine guns and killing the crews. Later, with the remnants of his platoon he captured three more machine guns and many prisoners and when his platoon was again held up he successfully led a tank against the enemy guns. Throughout the whole of these operations Sergeant Clarke acted with great bravery and total disregard of personal safety.

CLARKE, Leo. (reg No. 218).
Corporal 2nd Battalion. Eastern Ontario Regiment. C E F.
London Gazetted on 26th October, 1916.
Born on 1st December, 1892 at Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
Died on 19th October 1916 at Etretat, France. (Died on of wounds).
Memorials at Etretat Churchyard, France and on a lamp-post* in Valour Road, Winnipeg.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 9th September 1916, near Pozieres, France, Corporal Clarke was detailed with the section of bombers, to cover the construction of a " block " in a newly captured trench. Most of his party had become casualties when about 20 of the enemy, with two officers, counter-attacked. The corporal advanced, emptying his revolver into them; then he picked up two enemy rifles and fired those too. One of the officers attacked with a bayonet, wounding Corporal Clarke in the leg, but he shot him dead, and pursuing the rest of the Germans, shooting four more and capturing a fifth.
* This lamp-post is a memorial to three men, who all came from the same street, and were awarded the Victoria Cross.

CLARKE, Wilwood Alexander Sandys. (reg No. 219)
Lieutenant. The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment.
London Gazetted on 29th June 1943.
Born on 8th June 1919 at Southport, Lancashire.
Died on 23rd April 1943 at Guirat El Atach, Tunisia. (killed in action).
Memorials at Massicault War Cemetery, Tunisia.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 23rd April 1943 at Guirat El Tunisia, Lieutenant Clarke's company were attacked and almost wiped out, he being the sole remaining officer. Although wounded in the head he gathered a composite platoon together and advancing to attack the position again met heavy fire from a machine-gun post. He manoeuvred his men to give covering fire and then tackled the post single-handed, killing or capturing the crew and knocking out the gun. He dealt similarly with two other posts and then led his platoon to the objective, but was killed when he later went forward to tackle two sniper posts single handed.

CLEMENTS, John James. (reg No. 220).
Corporal Rimington's Guides. South African Forces.
London Gazetted on 4th June 1901.
Born on 19th June 1872 at Middelburg, Cape Colony, South Africa.
Died on 18th June, 1937 at Newcastle, Natal, South Africa.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 24th February, 1901 near Strijdenburg, South Africa, Corporal Clements was dangerously wounded in the lungs and called upon to surrender, but instead he threw himself into the midst of a party of Boers, shooting three of them with his revolver, and thereby causing the whole party to surrender.
Additional information:. Attained rank of Sergeant.

CLIFFORD, The Hon. Henry Hugh. (reg No. 221).
Lieutenant. First Battalion The Rifle Brigade. (Prince Consort's Own).
London Gazetted on 24th February 1857.
Born on 12th September 1826 at Irnham, Lincolnshire.
Died on 12th April 1883 at Chudleigh, Devon.
Memorials at Buckfastleigh Abbey and family chapel, Ugbrook, Chudleigh, Devon and on the Rifle Brigade Memorial in Winchester Cathedral.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 5th November, 1854 at the Battle of Inkerman, Crimea, Lieutenant Clifford led one of the charges, killing one of the enemy with his sword, disabling another an saving the life of a soldier.
Additional information: Major-General Clifford was also a Knight Commander of St Michael and St George, (KCMG), as well as being a Companion of (the Order of) the Bath (CB).

CLOGSTOUN, Herbert Mackworth. (reg No. 222).
Captain 19th Madras Native Infantry.
London Gazetted on 21st October, 1859.
Born on 13th June 1820 at Port of Spain, Trinidad.
Died on 6th May, 1862 at Hingoli, India.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 15th January 1859 at Chichumbah, India, Captain Clogstoun charged the rebels into the town with only eight men of his regiment, compelling them to re-enter and finally to abandon their plunder. He was severely wounded himself and lost seven out of the eight men who accompanied him.
Additional information: Attained rank of Major.

CLOUTMAN, Brett Mackay. (reg No. 223)
Major 59th Field Company, Corps of Royal Engineers.
London Gazetted on 31st January 1919.
Born on 7th November 1891 at London.
Died on 15th August 1971 at Highgate, London.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 6th November, 1918 at Pont-sur- Sambre, France, Major Cloutman, after reconnoitring the river crossings, found the Quartes Bridge almost intact but prepared for demolition. Leaving his party under cover he went forward alone, swam across the river and having cut the 'leads' from the charges returned the same way, despite the fact that the bridge and all the approaches were swept by enemy shells and machine-gun fire. Although the bridge was blown up later in the day by other means, the abutments remained intact.
Additional information: Lt. Colonel Cloutman also held the Military Cross (MC). He was the last person to be awarded the Victoria Cross in World War One. He was knighted and became Sir Brett.
From 1939-45 he served in World War Two and in 1947 became Senior Chairman of the War Pensions Tribunals. Later, from 1954-63 he became a Senior Official Referee of the Supreme Court of Judicature.

COBBE, Alexander Stanhope. (reg No. 224).
Captain* ). Indian Army attached to the King's African Rifles.
London Gazetted on 20th January 1903.
Born on 5th June 1870 at Naini Tal, India.
Died on 27th June 1931 at Sharnbrook, Bedford.
Memorials at Havard Chapel, Brecon Cathedral, Wales.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 6th October 1902 at Erego, Somaliland, when some of the companies had retired, Lieutenant Colonel Cobb was left by himself with a Maxim gun. Without assistance he brought in the Maxim and used it most effectively at a critical time in the engagement. He then went out on the very hot fire from the enemy and succeeded in bringing in a wounded orderly.
* Local Lieutenant Colonel at the time later attained rank of General.
Additional information: General Cobbe was also a Knight Grand Cross of the Bath (GCB), a Knight Commander of the Star of India (KCSI), and a holder of the Distinguished Service Order (DSO).

COCHRANE, Hugh Stewart (Reg. No.225)
Lieutenant. 86th Regiment (Royal Irish Rifles)
London Gazetted on 24th December 1858
Born on 4th August 1829 at Fort William, Inverness.
Died on 18th April 1884 at Southsea, Hampshire.
Memorial on grave at Highland Road Cemetery, Portsmouth.
Citation reads,
On 1 April 1858 near Jhansi, India, when No.1 company of the regiment was ordered to take a gun, Lieutenant Cochrane dashed forward at a gallop under heavy musketry and artillery fire, drove the enemy from the gun and kept possession of until the company came up. He also showed conspicuous gallantry in attacking the rear guard of the enemy when he had three horses in succession shot under him.
Additional information. He joined the 86th Regiment as an Ensign on 13th April 1849 and was its Adjutant from 1856-58. He served in the Indian Mutiny of 1857-59 under the command of Sir Hugh Rose. He was slightly wounded at the storming and taking of the Chandairee hill fort; the Battle of Betwa (he had three horses shot from under him.); The storming and capture of Jhansi, where under extremely heavy fire he planted the Union Jack on the top of the palace; He was also at the Battles of Kooch; Calpee ; Gowlowlee; and Gwaliior.
He was Second in Command of Meade's Horse in Central India from 1858-59 the in command of the Irregular Cavalry under Sir Robert Napier in the jungles of Central India whilst pursuing Tantia Topi and Ferozeshah.
The despatch for his VC came from Major-General Sir Hugh Rose GCB, dated 23rd April 1858. Lt. Cochrane also received the Medal and clasp. He was later transferred to the 7th Fuliers and promoted to Captain and was mentioned twice in Despatches, reieved the Medal and clasp and promoted Bevet-Major on the 19th January 1864.
He was at the battles of Umbeyla Pass; promoted Major in the 7th Fusiliers on 28th October 1871, Brevet Lieutenant- Colonel on 7th January 1874; He was Commandant at Khandala 1874-75' CO at Deolali 1875-77; transferred and Commanded the 43rd Light Infantry in India on 16th February 1878 to 1881 where on the 7th January 1881 he was given the Brevet of a Colonel.
Colonel Cochrane retired from the army because of ill-heath.. His death was announced in 'The Times' on 21st April 1884 as being at Southsea Hampshire on the 18th April 1884.

COCKBURN, Hampden Zane Churchill (Reg. No.226)
Lieutenant. The Royal Canadian Dragoons
London Gazetted on 23rd April 1901.
Born on 19th November 1867 at Toronto, Canada.
Died on 13th July 1913 at Maple Creek, Saskatchewan, Canada.
Memorial on grave at St. James' Cemetery, Toronto.
Digest of Citation reads:
On the 7th November 1900 during the action at Kumati River, South Africa, Lieutenant Cockburn with a handful of men , at a most critical moment, held off the enemy to enable the guns to get away. To do so he had to sacrifice himself and his party, all of whom were killed, wounded, or taken prisoner. He himself weas slightly wounded.
Additional information: Major Cockburn was the son of George Ralph Richardson Cockburn MP. of Toronto. He was a Director of the Ontario Bank.
H.Z.C.Cockburn was born on 19th November 1857 (according to VC 1856-1920 he was born ten years earlier than Register of VCs states.) He was educated at Upper Canada College, where his father was a principal, and the famous Rugby School of England.
He joined the Governor-General's Bodyguard, as a 2nd Lieutenant on the 20th of November 1891.*
It was in 1900 that he volunteered to serve in the Boer War where he took part in the action at Kumati River. He along with two comrades, Lieutenant Turner and Sergeant Holland were awarded the Victoria Cross.
He won the Royal Canadian Humane Society Medal for risking his life to save his two brothers who had been drowning in Lake Rousseau.
More to be added.

COFFEY, William. (reg No. 227).
Private 34th Regiment (The Border Regiment)
London Gazetted on 24th February 1857.
Born on a 5th August 1829 at Knocklong, County Limerick, Ireland.
Died on 13th July 1875 at Chesterfield, Derbyshire.
Memorial not known
Digest of Citation reads:
On 29th March 1855 in the Crimea, Private Coffey threw a live shell, which had fallen into a trench, over the parapet and thus saved many lives.
Additional information:. Sergeant Coffey also held the Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM) and the French Médaille Militaire.

COFFIN, Clifford. (reg No. 228).
Brigadier-General. Corps of Royal Engineers, Commanding the 25th Infantry Brigade.
London Gazetted on 14th September 1917.
Born on 10th February 1870 at Blackheath, London.
Died on 4th February 1959 at Torquay, Devon.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 31st July, 1917 at Westhock, Belgium, when his command was held up in attack owing to heavy machine-gun and rifle fire. Brigadier-General Coffin went forward and made an inspection of his front posts. Although under the heaviest fire from both machine-guns and rifles and in full view of the enemy, he showed an utter disregard of personal danger, walking quietly from shell-hole to shell-hole giving advice and cheering his men by his presence. His gallant conduct had the greatest effect on all ranks and it was largely owing to his personal courage and example that the shell-hole line was held.
Additional information:. Major General Coffin also was a Companion of (the Order of) the Bath (CB) as well as being awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) and Bar.
He was the Aide de Camp to King George V from 1920-24. Was also Colonel-Commandant of the Royal Engineers, 1936-40. During World War Two he was the chairman of the executive council of the British Empire Service League.

COGHILL, Nevill Josiah Aylmer. (reg No. 229).
Lieutenant 1st Battalion 24th Regiment (South Wales Borderers).
London Gazetted on 2nd May 1879 and 15th January 1907.
Born on 20th January 1852 at Drumcondra, County Dublin, Ireland.
Died on 22nd January 1879 at Buffalo River, Zululand.
Memorial at Fugitive's Drift, Natal. Also his name is inscribed on the Colour Pike of the 24th Regiment in Brecon Cathedral.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 22nd January 1879 after the disaster of the Battle of Isandhlwana, South Africa, Lieutenant Coghill joined another officer* who was trying to save the Queen's Colour of the Regiment. They were pursued by Zulu warriors and while crossing the swollen River Buffalo, Lieutenant Coghill went to the rescue of his brother officer, who had lost his horse and was in great danger. The two men were eventually overtaken by the enemy and following a short but gallant struggle, both were killed.
* T.Melvill (reg No. 858).

COLEMAN, John. (reg No. 230)
Sergeant 97th Regiment (Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment).
London Gazetted on 24th February 1857.
Born on 12th July 1798 at St Mary-in-the-Marsh, Romney Marsh, Kent.
Died on 21st May 1858 at Lucknow, India.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 30th August 1855 in the Crimea, when the enemy attacked ''New Sap '' and drove the working party in, Sergeant Coleman remained in the open, exposed to the enemy's rifle pits, until all round him had been killed or wounded. He finally carried one of his officers who was mortally wounded to the rear.

COLLEY, Harold John. (reg No. 231).
Sergeant 10th Battalion. The Lancashire Fusiliers.
London Gazetted on 22nd October 1918.
Born on 26th May 1894 at Smethwick, Staffordshire.
Died on 25th August 1918 at Martinpuich, France. (Died on of wounds).
Memorials at Mailly Wood Cemetery, France and on the War Memorial, Smethwick, Staffordshire.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 25th August, 1918 at Martinpuich, France, during a strong counter-attack Sergeant Colley's company was holding an advanced position with two platoons in advance and two in support. The forward platoons were ordered to hold on at all costs and Sergeant Colley went, without orders, to help these two platoons. He rallied the men, then formed a defensive flank and held it, out of the two platoons only three men remained unwounded and the sergeant himself was dangerously wounded and Died on the same day. It was entirely due to his action that the enemy was prevented from breaking through.
Additional information: Sergeant Colley also held the Military Medal (M M)

COLLIN, Joseph Henry. (reg No. 232).
Second Lieutenant 1st/4th Battalion. The King's Own (Royal Lancaster) Regiment.
London Gazetted on 28th June 1918.
Born on 11th April 1893 at Jarrow, County Durham.
Died on 9th April 1918 at Givenchy, France.(Died on of wounds).
Memorials at Vielle-Chapelle New Military Cemetery, France and also the Priory, Lancaster.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 9th April 1918 at Givenchy, French, after offering a gallant resistance against heavy odds in the Keep held by his platoon, Second Lieutenant Collin, with only five of these men remaining, slowly withdrew, contesting every inch of ground. Single-handed, he then attacked a machine gun --- after firing his revolver into the enemy, he seized a Mills grenade and threw it into the hostile gun team, putting the gun out of action, killing four of the team and wounding two others. He then took a Lewis gun and engaged a second hostile machine gun, keeping the enemy at bay until he was mortally wounded.

COLLINS, John. (reg No. 233).
Corporal.. 25th Battalion. The Royal Welch Fusiliers.
London Gazetted on 18th December 1917.
Born on 10th September 1877 at West Hatch, Somerset.
Died on 8th September 1951 at Merthyr Tydfil, South Wales.
Memorials at Pant Cemetery, Merthyr Tydfil, South Wales.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 31st October, 1917 at Wadi Saba, Beersheba, Palestine, Corporal Collins repeatedly went out when his battalion was forced to lie out in the open under heavy shell and machine-gun fire, and brought back many wounded. In subsequent operations he rallied his men and led the final assault with great skill in spite of heavy fire at close range and uncut wire. He killed a 15 of the enemy and with a Lewis gun section cover the reorganisation and consolidation most effectively, although isolated and under fire from snipers and guns.
Additional information: Sergeant Collins also held the Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM) and the Military Medal (MM). He also served as a Sergeant-Major in the Home Guard in World War Two.

COLLIS, James. (reg No. 234)
Gunner Royal Horse Artillery.
London Gazetted on 16th May 1881.
Born on 19th April, 1856 at Cambridge.
Died on 28th June, 1918 at Battersea, London.
Memorial at an unmarked grave in Wandsworth Cemetery, London.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 28th to July 1880 during the retreat from Maiwand to Kandahar*, when the officer commanding the battery was trying to bring in a limber with wounded men under crossfire, Gunner Collis ran forward and drew the enemy's fire on himself, thus taking their attention from the limber.
* Afghan war.
Additional information: Gunner Collis had to forfeit his Victoria Cross for committing bigamy. (see Forfeitures Web- page.)

COLTMAN, William Harold. (reg No. 235).
Lance-Corporal 1st/6th Battalion. The North Staffordshire Regiment. (The Prince of Wales's).
London Gazetted on 6th January 1919.
Born on 17th November 1891 at Rangemore, Staffordshire.
Died on 29th June 1974 at Burton-on-Trent, Staffordshire.
Memorials at The Garrison Church, Whittington Barracks, Lichfield, Staffs., and in the town park of Burton-on-Trent.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 3rd/4th of October 1918 at Mannequin Hill, north-east of Sequehart, France, Lance-Corporal Coltman, a stretcher bearer, hearing that wounded had been left behind during the retirement, went forward alone in the face of fierce enfilade fire, found the casualties, dressed their wounds and on three successive occasions, carried some of them on his back to safety this very gallant NCO and tended the wounded unceasingly for 48 hours.
Additional information: Lance-Corporal Coltman was the most decorated non-commissioned officer in World War One. As well as the Victoria Cross he held the Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM) and Bar and also the Military Medal (MM) and Bar. He was commissioned a as an officer in the Burton Army Cadet Force for the period 1939-5 (World War Two).

COLUMBINE, Herbert George. (reg No. 236).
Private 9th Battalion. Machine-Gun Corps.
London Gazetted on 3rd May 1918.
Born on 28th November 1893 at London.
Died on 22nd March 1918 at Hervilly Wood, France, Private Columbine took over command of a gun and kept firing it from 9am to 1pm in an isolated position with no wire in front. During this time wave after wave of the enemy failed to get up to him, but at last with the help of a low-flying aircraft the enemy managed to gain a strong foot-hold in the trench. As the position was now untenable, Private Columbine told the two remaining men to get away, and although he was being bombed on either side, he kept his gun firing, inflicting losses, until he was killed by a bomb which blew up him and his gun.


COLVIN, Hugh. (reg No. 237).
Second Lieutenant. 9th Battalion. The Cheshire Regiment.
London Gazetted on 8th November, 1917.
Born on 1st February 1887 at Burnley, Lancashire.
Died on 16th September 1962 at Bangor, County Down, Ireland.
Memorial at Chester Cathedral.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 20th September, 1917 east of Ypres, Belgium, when all the other officers of his company and all but one in the leading company had become casualties, Second Lieutenant Colvin took command of both companies and led them forward under heavy fire with great success. He went with only two men to a dug out, when he left the men on top, entered this alone and brought out 14 prisoners. He then proceeded to clear other dug-outs, alone or with only one man, capturing machine guns, killing some of the enemy and taking a large number of prisoners.
Additional information: Attained rank of Major

COLVIN, James Morris Colquhoun. (Reg No. 238).
Lieutenant. Corps of Royal Engineers.
London Gazetted on 20th May 1898.
Born on 26th August 1870 at bIJnor, North West Frontier, India.
Died on 7th December 1945 at Stanway, Colchester, Essex.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On the night of 16th/17th September, 1897, in the Mohmand Valley, north-west India, Lieutenant Colvin was with another Lieutenant * who collected a party of volunteers and led them into the dark and burning village of Bilot, to try to dislodge the enemy who were inflicting losses on our troops. When his brother officer had been incapacitated by wounds, Lieutenant Colvin continued the fight and made two more attempts to clear the enemy from the village. He was conspicuous during the whole night for his devotion to his men, in the most exposed positions and under very heavy fire.
* TC Watson (reg No. 1282) and James Smith. (reg No. 1162)
Additional information: Colonel Colvin also served in the South African War 1901-2.

COMBE, Robert Grierson. (reg No. 239).
Lieutenant. 27th Battalion. The Manitoba Regiment. CEF.
London Gazetted on 27th June 1917.
Born on 5th August 1880 at Aberdeen, Scotland.
Died on 3rd May 1917 at Acheville, France. (killed in action).
Memorials on Vimy Memorial, France.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 3rd May 1917 South of Acheville, France, Lieutenant Combe steaDied on his company under intense fire and leading them through the enemy barrage reached the objective with only five men. He proceeded to bomb the enemy, inflicting heavy casualties and then, collecting small groups of men, succeed in capturing the objective, together with 80 prisoners. He repeatedly charged the enemy, driving them before him, but while personally leading his bombers he was killed by a sniper.

COMMERELL, John Edmund. (reg No. 240)
Commander Royal Navy.
London Gazetted on 24th February 1857.
Born on 13th January 1829 at London.
Died on 21st May 1901 at London.
Memorial at Cheriton Road Cemetery, Folkestone, Kent.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 11th October 1855 in the Sea of Azov, Crimea,, Commander Commerell of HMS Weser, with the Quartermaster* and a seaman, went to destroy a large quantity of forage on the shore of the Putrid Sea. After a difficult and dangerous journey they reach their objective, a magazine of corn, and managed to ignite the stacks, but the guards were alerted and immediately opened fire and gave chase. The pursuit was so hot that the men had difficulty in escaping but they finally reached their ship and the lookouts later reported that the fodder store had burned to the ground.
* W T Rickard (reg No. 1050)
Additional information:. Admiral Comerrell was also a Knight Grand Cross of the Bath. He was commander-in-chief North American and West Indies Station in 1881. C in C Portsmouth in 1888. He was a Groom-in-Waiting to Queen Victoria in 1891 and Admiral and Fleet 1892.

CONGREVE, Walter Norris. (reg No. 241)
Captain . The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own)
London Gazetted on 2nd February 1900.
Born on 20th November 1862 at Congreve, Staffordshire.
Died on 26th February 1927 at Malta.
Memorials on a stone pillar between the temples of Hagar Qim and Mnajdra on south-coast of Malta; at Stow- by- Chartley Church, Staffordshire and on the Rifle Brigade Memorial, Winchester Cathedral.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 15th December, 1899 at the Battle of Colenso, South Africa, Captain Congreve with several others, tried to save the guns of the 14th and 66 th Batteries, Royal Field Artillery, when the detachment serving the guns had all become casualties or been driven from their guns. Some of the horses and drivers were sheltering in a Donga about 500 yards behind the guns and the intervening space was swept with shell and rifle fire. Captain Congreve, with two other officers* helped to hook a team into a limber and then to limber up a gun. Although wounded himself, seeing one of the officers fall, he went out with an RAMC Major* and brought him in.
* F H S Roberts (reg No. 1060); H N Schofield (reg No. 1114 ) and W. Baptie (reg No. 43).
Additional information:. General Congreve was the father of Major W. la. T. Congreve VC. He was a Knight Commander of the Bath (KCB) and a Member of the Royal Victorian Order (MVO). He was also the holder of the Legion d'Honneur ( France), the Order of St Anne, 1st Class (Russia). He served as the Governor of Malta from 1925-27

CONGREVE, William La Touche. (reg No. 242).
Brevet Major. The Rifle Brigade. (Prince Consort's Own).
London Gazetted on 26th October 1916.
Born on 22nd March 1891 at Burton, Cheshire.
Died on 20th July 1916 at Longueval, France. (killed in action).
Memorials at Corbie Communal Cemetery Extension, France; in Stow- by-Chartey Church, Staffordshire; Corbie Church, France and on the Rifle Brigade Memorial in Winchester Cathedral.
Digest of Citation reads:
During the period 6th/20th July, 1916 at Longueval, France, Major Congreve constantly inspired those around him by numerous acts of gallantry. As Brigade Major he not only conducted battalions up to their positions but when the brigade headquarters was heavily shelled he went out with the medical officer to remove the wounded to places of safety, although he himself was suffering from gas and other shell effects. He went down again on a subsequent occasion tending the wounded under heavy shell fire. Finally, on returning to the front line up to ascertain the position after an unsuccessful attack, he was shot and Died on instantly.
Additional information: Major Congreve also held the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) and the Military Cross (MC) as well as the Légion d'Honneur of France. He was the son of Captain W N Congreve VC.

CONNOLLY, William. (reg No. 243).
Gunner Bengal Horse Artillery.
London Gazetted on 3rd September 1858.
Born on in May 1817 at Liverpool, Lancashire.
Died on 31st December 1891 at West Derby, Liverpool, Lancashire.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 7th July 1857 at Jhelum, India, during an engagement with the enemy, Gunner Connolly, acting as a second sponge-man, was felled by a musket ball through his thigh and although suffering severely from pain and loss of blood, he insisted on mounting his horse in the gun team and riding to the next position which the guns had taken up on retirement. He was again hit by a musket ball later the same morning but staggered to his feet and went on wielding his sponge with energy and courage, and encouraging another wounded man, until he was wounded yet again and fell unconscious.

CONNORS, John. (reg No. 244).
Private 3rd Regiment. (East Kent Regiment (The Buffs).
London Gazetted on 24th February 1857.
Born on in October 1830 at Davaugh, Listowel, County Kerry, Ireland.
Died on 29th January 1857 at Corfu.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 8th September, 1855 at Sebastopol, in the Crimea, Private Connors showed conspicuous gallantry at the assault on the Redan in personal conflict with the enemy. He rescued an officer of the 30th Regiment who were surrounded by Russians, by shooting one and bayoneting another.

CONOLLY, John Augustus. (reg No. 245).
Lieutenant 49th Regiment (Royal Berkshire Regiment - - Princess Charlotte of Wales')
London Gazetted on 5th May 1857
VC Medal's Custodian is the Guards Regimental HQ..
Born on 30th May 1829 at Cliff, Ballyshannon, County Donegal, Ireland.
Died on 23rd December 1888 at Curragh, County Kildare, Ireland.
Memorial at grave in Mount Jerome Cemetery, Dublin.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 26th October 1854 in the Crimea, an attack by the Russians was repulsed and the enemy fell back pursued by men of the 49th Regiment, led by Lieutenant Connolly, whose gallant behaviour was most conspicuous in this action. He ultimately fell, dangerously wounded, while in personal encounter with several Russians, in defence of his post.
Additional information: Lt. Colonel Conolly, following the action on the 26th October 1854, was transferred to the Coldstream Guards. After leaving the Army he joined the Dublin Metropolitan Police and became a Sub- Commissioner. Later still he became the resident magistrate for the Curragh of Kildare.

COOK,John (Reg. No.246)
Captain Bengal Staff Corps and 5th Gurkha Rifles.
London Gazetted on 18th March 1879.
Born on 28th August 1843 in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Died on 19th December 1879 at Sherpur, Afghanistan.
Memorial in the Sanctum Crypt, St Luje's Church, Chelsea, London.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 2 December 1878 at the Peiwar Kotal,* Captain Cook, through heavy fire, charged out of the entrenchments with such impetuosity that the enemy broke and the close of the mélée, seeing that a major was in personal conflict with an Afghan soldier, Captain Cook distracted attention to himself and a hand-to-hand encounter ensued, during which both men fell to the ground. The Afghan siezed the captain's arm in his teeth until the struggle was ended by the man being shot in the head.
*Afghan War.1878-79.
Additional information: Major Cook was the son of the Advocate and Sheriff, Alexander Shank Cook and the grand-son of the Doctor of Divinity, George Cook. (Church of Scotland.) Educated at Edinburgh Academy and at Addiscombe the military college. In 1861 he went to India and served in the 3rd Sikhs through the Unbeyla Campaign, during which he was mentioned in Despatches for leading a successful bayonet charge. After 10 years continual service he returned to his family home, where he spent a year on leave. In 1871 he returned to India, being promoted to Caotain one year later (1872). In 1873 he transferred to the 5th Gurkhas as a Wing Commander.
He joined, with the 5th Gurkhas, the Kurram Field Force under General Roberts in 1878, where he won the VC (see Citation above). He went with Roberts to Kabul after the rebellion.... In 1879 he was made Bevet Major.
During the attack on hill, near Kabul, known as the Takht-i-Shah Peak, he was wounded in the leg. His leg became gangrenous and he Died on the 19th of December 1879 at the age of 36. More to add.

COOK, Walter. (reg No. 247).
Private 42nd Regiment (The Black Watch (Royal Highlanders).
London Gazetted on 18th June 1859.
Born on in 1834 at Cripplegate, London.
Died on around 1864, believed drowned in the River Pavi, Punjab, India.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 15th January 1859 at Maylah Ghat, India, when the fighting was most severe and the few men of the 42nd Regiment were skirmishing so close to the enemy (who were in great number) that some of them were wounded by sword cuts, the only officer was severely wounded and the colour-sergeant was killed. Private Cook and another private* immediately went to the front and took a prominent part in directing the company and displayed a courage, coolness and discipline which was the admiration of all who witnessed it.

COOKE, Thomas. (reg No 248).
Private 8th Battalion (Victoria) Australian Imperial Force.
London Gazetted on 9th September 1916.
Born on 5th July 1881 at Kaikoura, Marlborough, New Zealand.
Died on 28th July 1916 at Pozieres, France. (killed in action).
Memorials at Villers-Bretonneux Memorial, France and on the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 24th/25th July, 1916 at Pozieres, France, after a Lewis gun had been disabled, Private Cooke was ordered to take his gun to a dangerous part of the line. He did fine work, but came under very heavy fire, and finally he was the only man left. He still stuck to his post and continued to fire, but when assistance finally arrived he was found dead beside his gun.


COOKSON, Edgar Christopher. (reg No. 249).
Lieutenant Commander Royal Navy.
London Gazetted on 21st January 1916.
Born on 13th December 1883 at Tranmere, Cheshire.
Died on 28th September 1915 near Kut-el-Amara, Mesopotamia. (killed in action).
Memorial at grave in Amara War Cemetery, Iraq and on Chatham Naval Memorial.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 28th September 1915 during the advance on Kut-el-Amara, Mesopotamia, HMS Comet commanded by Lieutenant Commander Cookson, and other armed vessels, were ordered, if possible, to destroy an obstruction which had been placed across the river by the Turks. When they approached, very heavy rifle and machine-gun fire was opened on them, and an attempt to sink the centre dhow by gunfire having failed Lieutenant Commander Cookson ran Comet alongside and he himself jumped on the dhow with an axe and tried to cut the cables connecting it with the other two craft forming the obstruction. He was shot several times and Died on within a few minutes.
Additional information: He also held the Distinguished Service Order (DSO).


COOPER, Edward. (reg No. 250).
Sergeant. 12 Battalion. The King's Royal Rifle Corps.
London Gazetted on 14th September, 1917.
Born on 4th May 1896 at Stockton-on-Tees, County Durham.
Died on 19th August 1985 at Stockton-on-Tees, County Durham.
Memorial at Stockton-on-Tees public library.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 16th August, 1917 at Langemarck, Belgium, enemy machine guns from concrete blockhouse 250 yards away was holding up the advance of the Battalion on the left and also causing heavy casualties to Sergeant Cooper's own Battalion. With four men he rushed towards the Blockhouse, but although they fired at the garrison at very close range (100 yards) the machine guns were not silenced, so Sergeant Cooper ran straight at them and fired his revolver into an opening in the Blockhouse. The machine guns ceased firing and the garrison surrendered. Seven machine guns and 45 prisoners were captured.

COOPER, Henry. (reg No. 251).
Boatswain. Royal Navy.
London Gazetted on 24th February 1857.
Born on in 1825 at Devonport, Devon.
Died on 15th July 1893 at Torpoint, Cornwall.
Memorial at grave in Antony Churchyard, Torpoint, Cornwall.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 3rd June 1855 at Taganrog, Sea of Azov, Crimea, Boatswain Cooper of HMS Miranda, together with a Lieutenant * landed while the town was actually under bombardment by the Allied Squadron. It was garrisoned by 3,000 Russian troops, but the two men landed at several places and set fire to government buildings and destroyed enemy equipment and arms. They were under fire themselves for most of the time.
* C.W. BUCKLEY. (reg No. 145)

COOPER, James. (reg No. 252).
Private 2nd Battalion 24th Regiment (South Wales Borderers).
London Gazetted on 17th December, 1867.
Born on in 1840 at Birmingham.
Died on 9th August 1889 at Birmingham.
Memorial at grave in it Warstone Lane Cemetery, Warstone, Hockley, Birmingham.
Digest of Citation reads:
On the 7th May, 1867 at the Island of Little Andaman, Bay of Bengal, Private Cooper was one of a party of five * of the 2nd/24th Regiment who risked their lives in manning a boat and proceeding through dangerous surf to rescue some of their comrades who had been sent to the island to find out the fate of the Commander and seven of the crew, who had landed from the ship Assam valley and were feared murdered by the cannibalistic islanders.
* David Bell (reg No. 75), C M Douglas (reg No. 340), W Griffiths (reg No. 496) and T Murphy (reg No. 904).
Additional information: Private Coopers Victoria Cross was awarded for saving life in the sea during a storm off the Andaman Islands, not for bravery in action against an enemy of the Queen.



COPPINS, Frederick George. (reg No. 254).
Corporal 8th Battalion Manitoba Regiment C E F.
London Gazetted on 27th September 1918.
Born on 25th October 1889 at London.
Died on 13th March 1963 at Livermore, California, USA.
Memorials at Greenlawn Cemetery, Colma, near San Francisco, California, USA.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 9th August, 1918 at Hackett Woods, near Amiens, France, Corporal Coppins' platoon came unexpectedly under fire of numerous machine guns. It was not possible to advance or retire and there was no cover. Corporal Coppins, calling on four men to follow him, leapt forward in the face of intense machine-gun fire and rushed straight for the guns. The four men with him were killed and he was wounded, but going on alone, he killed the operator of the first gun and three of the crew and took four prisoners. Despite his wound, he then continued with his platoon to the final objective.

CORBETT, Frederick (reg No. 255) (also alias David Embleton).
Private 3rd Battalion. The King's Royal Rifle Corps.
London Gazetted on 16th February 1883.
Born on in 1856 at Camberwell, London.
Died on a time after 1904 believed to be in London.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 5th August 1882 at Kafr Dowar, Egypt, during a reconnaissance, a lieutenant was mortally wounded--he fell in the open and there was no time to move him. Private Corbett therefore asked, and obtained permission to remain by him, and although under constant fire, he at once tried to stop the bleeding of the officer's wounds. When orders to retreat were received, Private Corbett helped to carry the officer off the field.

CORNWELL, John Travers, (Reg. No. 256)
Boy First Class Royal Navy.
London Gazetted on 15th September 1916.
Born on: 8th January 1900 at Leyton,. Essex.
Died on: 2nd June 1916. Grimsby, Lincolnshire.
Memorials at: Manor Park Cememtery, Forest Gate, Essex; Jack Cornwell Cottage Homes, Hornchurch, Essex; at Chester Cathedral on the HMS Chester memorial.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 31 May 1916, at the Battle of Jutland, Boy First Class Cornwell of HMS Chester, was mortally wounded early in the battle, but remained standing alone at a most exposed post, quietly awaiting orders, until the end of the action, with the gun's crew dead and wounded around him.

COSENS, Aubrey. (reg No. 257).
Sergeant. Queen's Own Rifles of Canada. Canadian Infantry Corps.
London Gazetted on 22nd May, 1945.
Born on 21st May, 1921 at Latchford, Ontario, Canada.
Died on 26th February, 1945 at Mooshof, Holland. (killed in action) .
Memorial at Groesbeek Canadian War Cemetery, Nijmegen, Holland.
Digest of Citation reads:
On the night of 25th/26th February, 1945 at Mooshof, Holland, Sergeant Cosens assumed command of the four survivors of his platoon whom he placed in position to give him covering fire and then, running forward alone to a tank, took up an exposed position in front of the turret and directed its fire. When a further counter-attack had been repulsed and, on his orders, the tank had rammed some farm buildings, he went in alone, killing several of the defenders and taking the rest prisoners. He then dealt similarly with the occupants of two more buildings, but soon afterwards was killed by a sniper.

COSGROVE, William. (reg No. 258).
Corporal. 1st Battalion Royal Munster Fusiliers.
London Gazetted on 23rd August 1915.
Born 1st October, 1888 at Aghada, County Cork, Ireland.
Died on 14th July, 1936 at Millbank, London.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 26th April, 1915, east of Cape Helles, Gallipoli, Corporal COSGROVE led his section during the attack on the Turkish position. The corporal pulled down the posts of the enemy's high wire entanglements single-handed, not withstanding the terrific fire from both front and flanks. This action greatly assisted in the successful clearing of the heights.

COSTELLO, Edmond William. (reg No. 259).
Lieutenant. 22nd Punjab Infantry, Indian Army.
London Gazetted on 9th November, 1897.
Born on 7th August 1873 at Sheikhbudia, North West Frontier, India.
Died on 7th June, 1949 at Eastbourne, Sussex.
Memorial at St Mark's Church, Hadlow Down, Sussex.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 26th July, 1897 at Malakand on the Indian frontier, Lieutenant COSTELLO went out from the hospital enclosure and with the assistance of two Sepoys, brought in a wounded lance- havildar who was lying 60 yards away, in the open, on the football ground. This ground was at the time overrun with swordsmen and swept by heavy fire from both the enemy and our own men who were holding the Sapper lines.
Additional information:. Brigadier General COSTELLO was a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG), a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO) and the Distinguished Service Order (DSO). He holds the Croix de Guerre of France.
He saw service in the World War One (WW I) and Commanded the Eastbourne Home Guard in World War Two (WW I I). He also served as a Deputy Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire.

COTTER, William Reginald. (reg No. 260).
Corporal. 6th Battalion, East Kent Regiment (The Buffs).
London Gazetted on 30th March 1916.
Born in March 1883 (actual date not known) at Folkestone, Kent.
Died on 14th March, 1916 at Lillers, France. (died of wounds).
Memorial on grave at Lillers Communal Cemetery, France and on the War Memorial, Sandgate, Kent.
Digest of Citation reads:.
On 6th March, 1916, near the Hohenzollern Redoubt, France, Corporal Cotter's leg was blown off at the knee and he was also wounded in both arms. He nevertheless made his way unaided for 50 yards up to a crater, steadied the men who were holding it, controlled their fire, issued orders and altered their disposition to meet a fresh counter-attack. For two hours he held his position and only allowed his wounds to be roughly dressed when the attack had quietened down. He could not be moved back for 14 hours and during all this time he had a cheery word for everyone



COUGHLAN*, Cornelius. (reg No. 261).
Colour-Sergeant. 75th Regiment. (Gordon Highlanders).
London Gazetted on 11th November, 1862.
Born on 27th June 1828 at Eyrecourt, County Galway, Ireland.
Died on 14th February, 1915 at Westport, County Mayo, Ireland.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 8th June, 1857 at Delhi, India, Colour-Sergeant COUGHLAN gallantly ventured under heavy fire, with three others, into a serai* occupied by the enemy in great numbers and rescued a private of their Regiment who was severely wounded. On 18th July he encouraged a party to charge down a lane lined on each side with huts and raked by crossfire. He went with the party into an enclosure filled with the enemy and accounted for all of them. He then returned under crossfire to collect dhoolies and carry off the wounded.
* Serai: A type of native Inn or traveller's rest .
Additional information:. He later attained the rank of Sergeant Major.

COULSON, Gustavus Hamilton Blenkinsopp. (reg No. 262).
Lieutenant. 1st Battalion, King's Own Scottish Borderers.
London Gazetted on 8th August, 1902.
Born on 1st April 1879 at Wimbledon, Surrey.
Died on 18th May, 1901 at Lambrachfontein, South Africa. (Killed in action).
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 18th May 1901 at Lambrachfontein, South Africa, during a rearguard action in which Lieutenant COULSON rallied his men and saved the guns, a corporal who was the lieutenants servant, had his horse shot. Lieutenant Coulson, seeing this, dismounted and took the man up on his own horse, but after a short distance the horse was wounded and both riders were brought to the ground. Lieutenant COULSON then told a corporal to get along with the wounded horse as best he could, while he, the lieutenant, would look after himself. He was, however, mortally wounded almost at once.
Additional information:. Lieutenant COULSON also held the Distinguished Service Order. (DSO).

COUNTER, Jack Thomas. (reg No. 263).
Private. 1st Battalion, King's (Liverpool) Regiment.
London Gazetted upon 22nd May, 1918.
Born on 3rd November, 1898 at Blandford Forum, Dorset.
Died on 16th September 1970 at Blandford Forum, Dorset.
His ashes are interred on Jersey, Channel Islands. Named after him is the Jack Counter Close at St Helier, Jersey.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 16th April, 1918 near Boisieux St. Marc, France, it was necessary for information to be obtained from the front line and the only way to get it was over ground with no cover and in full view of the enemy. A small party tried without success, followed by six men, singly, each one being killed in the attempt. Private Counter then volunteered and, going out under terrific fire, got through and returned with vital information which enabled his commanding officer to organise and launch the final successful counter-attack. Subsequently he also carried five messages across the open under heavy artillery barrage to company headquarters.

COURY, Gabriel George. (reg No. 264).
Second Lieutenant. 3rd Battalion, South Lancashire Regiment * attached to the 1st/4th Battalion.
London Gazetted on 26th October, 1916.
Born on 13th June, 1896 at Liverpool, Lancashire.
Died on 23rd February, 1956 at Liverpool, Lancashire.
Memorial on grave at burial ground at Church of St Peter and St Paul, Crosby, Liverpool..
Digest of Citation reads:
Born 8th August, 1916 near Arrow Head Copse, France, Second Lieutenant Coury was in command of two platoons ordered to dig a communication trench. By his fine example and utter contempt of danger he kept up the spirits of his men and completed his task under intense fire. Later when his battalion had suffered severe casualties and the commanding officer had been wounded he went out in broad daylight in full view of the enemy, found his commanding officer and brought him back to the new advanced trench over ground swept by machine-gun fire.
* Prince of Wales Volunteers.


COVERDALE, Charles Harry. (reg No. 265).
Sergeant. 11th Battalion, Manchester Regiment.
London Gazetted on 18th December, 1917.
Born on 21st April, 1888 at Manchester, Lancashire.
Died on 20th November 1955.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 4th October 1917 south-west of Poelcappelle, Belgium, when close to the objective Sergeant COVERDALE disposed of three snipers. He then rushed two machine-guns, killing or wounding the teams. He subsequently reorganised his platoon in order to capture another position, but after getting within 100 yards of it was held up by our own barrage and had to return. Later he went out again with five men to capture the position, but when he saw a considerable number of the enemy advancing, withdrew his detachment man by man, he himself being the last to retire.
Additional information:. Second Lieutenant COVERDALE also held the Military Medal (MM).

COWLEY, Charles Henry. (reg No. 266).
Lieutenant Commander. Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve.
London Gazetted on 2nd February 1917.
Born on 21st February, 1872 at Baghdad, Mesopotamia. (Iraq.).
Died on 25th April, 1916 near Kut-el-Amara, Mesopotamia. (believed to have been executed by Turks).
Memorial on Basra Memorial, Iraq.
Digest of Citation reads:.
On the night of 24th/25th April, 1916 in Mesopotamia, an attempt was made to reprovision the forces besieged at Kut-el-Amara. Lieutenant Commander COWLEY, with a Lieutenant *, a sub-lieutenant and 12 ratings, started off with 270 tons of stores up the River Tigris. Unfortunately SS Julnar was attacked almost at once by Turkish machine guns and artillery. At Magasis, steel hawsers stretched across the River halted the expedition, the enemy opened fire at point-blank range and Julnar's Bridge was smashed, and Julnar's Commander was killed: also or several of his crew. Lieutenant Commander COWLEY was taken prisoner with the other survivors and was almost certainly executed by the Turks.
* Lieutenant H O B FIRMAN (reg No. 4 06) Commanding SS Julnar.

COX, Christopher Augustus (reg No. 267).
Private. 7th Battalion, Bedfordshire Regiment.
London Gazetted on 11th May, 1917.
Born on 25th December 1889 at Kings Langley, Hertfordshire.
Died on 24th August, 1959 at Kings Langley, Hertfordshire.
Memorial on grave at Kings Langley Cemetery.
Digest of Citation reads:
One 13th March 1917 at Achiet-le-Grand, France during an attack by the Battalion, the front wave was checked by heavy artillery and machine-gun fire and the whole line had to take shelter in shell holes to avoid annihilation. Private Cox, a stretcher bearer, went out over fire-swept ground and, single-handed, rescued four men. Having collected the wounded of his own Battalion he then helped to bring in the wounded of the adjoining Battalion. On two subsequent days he carried out some work with complete disregard of his own safety

CRAIG, James. (reg No. 268).
Colour-Sergeant. Scots (Fusilier) Guards.
London Gazetted on 20th November, 1857
VC Medal's Custodian is the Guards Regimental HQ..
Born 10th September 1824 in the parish of St Martin's at Perth, Scotland.
Died on 18th March, 1861 at Port Elizabeth, South Africa.
Memorial on grave at St Mary's Cemetery, South End, Port Elizabeth, South Africa.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 6th September, 1855 at Sebastopol, Crimea, Colour-Sergeant Craig Volunteered and personally collected other volunteers, to go out under heavy fire to look for a captain of his regiment who was supposed to be wounded. Sergeant Craig brought in the body of that officer who me found dead, and while doing so was himself wounded.
Additional information:. He later attained the rank of Ensign and Adjutant. He was five feet eight inches tall and before joining the Army he worked as a labourer. He enlisted, at the age in 18 years and three months in the Scots Fusilier Regiment of Foot Guards on 25th August 1843; being attested the following day. His Army No. 3075 in the Scots Fusilier Guards he served as a private for two and three-quarter years before being promoted to Corporal on 11th June 1846. He was promoted to Sergeant on 22nd July 1851 and Colour-Sergeant on 27th June 1855. He took part in the battles of Balaclava and Inkerman, the siege and fall of Sebastopol, taking part in the sortie on 26th October. At the Battle of Inkerman he received severe gunshot wounds through both legs (he was awarded the Victoria Cross). He also receive the Crimean Medal with three clasps. On 26th June 1856 he was appointed to Cornet and Adjutant in the Land Transport Corps. In 1859 he was the Adjutant of the 10th Regiment (Lincolnshire).

CRAIG, James Manson. (reg No. 269).
Second Lieutenant. 1st/4th Battalion, Royal Scots Fusiliers attached to 1st/5th Battalion.
London Gazetted on 2nd August, 1917.
Born on 5th March 1896 at Comrie, Perthshire, Scotland.
Died on 19th February, 1970 at Crieff, Perthshire, Scotland.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 5th June 1917 in Egypt, an advanced post having been rushed by the enemy, Second Lieutenant Craig immediately organised a rescue party and after tracking the enemy back to his trenches, set his party to work removing the dead and wounded under heavy rifle and machine-gun fire. An NCO was wounded and a medical officer who went to his aid was also wounded. Second Lieutenant Craig went out at once and got the NCO under cover, but while taking the medical officer to shelter was himself wounded. Nevertheless the rescue was effected, and he then scooped cover for the wounded, thus saving their lives.
Additional information:. During World War Two (WW I I) he served in the Royal Air Force.


CRANDON, Harry George. (reg No. 270).
Private. 18th Hussars (Queen Mary's Own).
London Gazetted on 18th October, 1901.
Born on 12th February 1874 at Wells, Somerset.
Died on 2nd January 1953 at Manchester, Lancashire.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 4th July, 1901 at Springbok Laagte, South Africa, Private Crandon rode back to help another private who was wounded and whose horse became disabled. Private Crandon gave up his horse to the wounded man so that he could reach shelter, and followed on foot, having run 1,100 yards, all the time under fire.
Additional information:. Corporal Crandon served in World War One (WWI) after re-enlisting in his old regiment.

CREAGH, O'Moore. (reg No. 271).
Captain. Bombay Staff Corps, Indian Army.
Born on 2nd April, 1848 at Cahirbane, County Clare, Ireland.
Died on 9th August 1923 at South Kensington, London.
Memorial on grave at East Sheen Cemetery, Surrey.
Digest of Citation reads:.
On 12th/22nd April, 1879 at it Kam Dakka, on the Kabul River *, Captain CREAGH, who had been ordered to take a detachment of 150 men to protect the village against a threatened incursion of the Mohmands, had to repel an attack by about 1500 of the enemy. The inhabitants of Kam Dakka joined with the Mohmands and Captain CREAGH's force was compelled to retire, so he took up a position in a cemetery and held it, repulsing repeated attacks with the bayonet until a relief force arrived, when the enemy was finally routed and many of them were driven into the river.
*Afghan War
Additional information:. General Sir O'Moore CREAGH was created a Knight Grand Cross of the Bath. (GCB) and a Knight Grand Cross of the Star of India ( GCSI). He was a Knight of Grace of St John of Jerusalem and also held the Order of the Rising Sun (Japan).
Along with E M Humphris he compiled and edited the volumes of the Victoria Cross 1856-1920 and the Distinguished Service Order that have been so valuable to people interested in Medals and History.
He was Secretary of the Military Department, India Office from 1907-9 and the Commander-in-Chief, India from 1909-1914.

CREAN, Thomas Joseph. (reg No. 272).
Surgeon Captain . 1st Imperial Light Horse (Natal).
London Gazetted on 11th February, 1902.
Born on 19th April, 1873 at Dublin, Ireland.
Died on 25th March 1923 at London.
Memorial on grave at St Mary's Roman Catholic Cemetery, Kensal Green, London.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 18th December, 1901, during the action at Tygerkloof Spruit, South Africa, Surgeon Captain CREAN, although wounded himself, continued to attend to the wounded in the firing line, under a very heavy fire at only 150 yards range. He did not stop until hit a second time, and, as it was first thought, mortally wounded.
Additional information:. Major CREAN also held the Distinguished Service Order (DSO).


CRICHTON, James. (at reg No. 273).
Private. 2nd Battalion, Auckland Infantry Regiment, New Zealand Expeditionary Force.
London Gazetted or on 15th November, 1918.
Born on 15th July 1879 at Carrickfergus, County Antrim, Ireland.
Died on 22nd September, 1961 at Auckland, New Zealand.
Memorial on grave at Soldier's Cemetery, Waikumete, Auckland and the Headquarters of Dunedin RSA., New Zealand.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 30th September, 1918 at Crevcoeur, France, Private CRICHTON, although wounded in the foot, stayed. with the advancing troops despite difficult canal and River obstacles. When his platoon was forced back by a counter attack he succeeded in carrying a message which involved swimming a river and crossing an area swept by machine-gun fire. Subsequently he rejoined his platoon and later undertook on his own initiative to save a bridge which had been mined. Under close fire he managed to remove the charges, returning with the fuses and detonators.
Additional information:. He later attained a rank of sergeant.

CRIMMIN, John. (reg No. 274).
Surgeon. Bombay Medical Service, Indian Army.
London Gazetted on 17th September, 1889.
Born on 19th March 1859 at Dublin, Ireland.
Died on 20th February, 1945 at Wells, Somerset.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:.
On 1st January, 1889, in the action near Lwekaw, Eastern Karenni, Burma a lieutenant and four men charged into a large body of the enemy and two men were wounded. Surgeon Crimmin attending one of them under enemy fire and he then joined the firing line and helped in driving the enemy from small clumps of trees where they had taken shelter. Later while Surgeon Crimmin was attending a wounded man several of the enemy rushed out at him. He thrust his sword through one of them, attacked a second and a third dropped from the fire of a Sepoy. The remainder fled.
Additional information:. Colonel Crimmin wars a Companion of (the Order of) the Bath (CB) as well as a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire and the VD *.
* Have yet to determine this Decoration.

CRISP, Thomas. (reg No. 275).
Skipper. Royal Naval Reserve.
London Gazetted on 2nd November, 1917.
Born on 28th April, 1876 at Lowestoft, Suffolk.
Died on 15th August, 1917 in the North Sea.
Memorial On a bell at St Margaret's Church, Lowestoft and on Chatham Memorial.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 15th August, 1917 in the North Sea, Skipper Crisp of HM Armed Smack NELSON was below packing fish when a German submarine opened fire. The skipper cleared Nelson for action just as a shell hit her below the waterline and another shell passed through the ship, mortally wounding the skipper, who, went on directing operations. He gave the order to abandon ship but he himself was too badly injured to be moved and went down with NELSON.
Additional information:. Skipper Crisp also held a Distinguished Service Cross (DSC).

CROAK, John Bernard. (reg No. 276).
Private. 13th Battalion, Quebec Regiment, Canadian Expeditionary Force. (Royal Highlanders of Canada).
London Gazetted on 27th September, 1918.
Born on 18th May 1892 at Little Bay, Newfoundland.
Died on 8th August, 1918 near Amiens, France. (died in action from wounds).
Memorial on grave at Hangard Wood British Cemetery, France.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 8th August, 1918 at Amiens, France, Private Croak, having become separated from his section, encountered a machine-gun which he bombed and silenced, taking the gun and crew prisoners. Shortly afterwards he was severely wounded but refusing to give in, rejoined his platoon. When several more machine guns at a strong point were encountered, the private, seeing an opportunity, dashed forward, followed almost immediately by the rest of the platoon in a brilliant charge. He was the first to arrive at the trench line into which he led his men, bayoneting or capturing the entire garrison. He was again wounded and died almost at once.

CROSS, Arthur Henry. (reg No. 277).
Lance-Corporal. 40th Battalion, Machine-Gun Corps.
London Gazetted on 4th June, 1918.
Born on 13th December, 1884 at Shipdham, Thetford, Norfolk.
Died on 23rd November, 1965 at Lambeth, London.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 25th March 1918 at Ervillers, France, Lance-Corporal Cross volunteered to make a reconnaissance of the position of two machine-guns which had been captured by the enemy. He went alone to the enemy trench and with his revolver forced seven of the enemy to surrender and to carry their guns with the tripods and ammunition to our lines. He then handed over the prisoners and collected teams for his guns which he brought into action immediately, annihilating a very heavy attack by the enemy.
Additional information:. Lance-Corporal Cross also held the Military Medal (MM).

CROWE, John James. (reg No. 278).
Second Lieutenant 2nd Battalion, Worcestershire Regiment.
London Gazetted on 28th June, 1918.
Born on 20th December, 1876 at Devonport, Devon.
Died on 2nd March, 1965 at Brighton, Sussex.
He was cremated at Down's Crematorium, Bear Road, Brighton, Sussex.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 14th April, 1918 at Neuve Eglise, Belgium, when the enemy, having attacked a post in a village, broke past on the high ground and established a machine-gun and snipers, Second Lieutenant CROWE, with two NCOs and seven men twice engaged the enemy who on each occasioned withdrew into the village, followed by the Lieutenant firing on them. On the second occasion, taking only two men, he attacked two enemy machine guns and killing both gunners and several more of the enemy. The remainder withdrew and he captured the two guns
Additional information:. He later attained the rank of Captain.

CROWE, Joseph Petrus Hendrick. (reg No. 279).
Lieutenant. 78th Regiment. (Seaforth Highlanders). (Duke of Albany's Ross-shire Buffs).
London Gazetted on 15th January 1858.
Born on the 12th January, 1826 at Uitenhage, The Cape, South Africa.
Died on 12th April, 1876 at Penge, London.
Memorial on grave at West Norwood Cemetery, London. On the 5th February 1977 his body was exhumed and re-interred at his birthplace, Uitenhage, South Africa.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 12th August, 1857 at Boursekee Chowkee, the entrenched village in front of Busherutgunge, India, the Redoubt was occupied by the enemy who were causing heavy casualties among the 78th Regiment. It was decided to take the place by storm, and the Highlanders dashed forward, Lieutenant CROWE being the first in, followed by his men. In less than a minute the Redoubt was captured.

CRUICKSHANK, John Alexander. (reg No. 280).
Flying Officer. 210 Squadron, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve.
London Gazetted on 1st September, 1944.
Born on 20th May, 1920 at Aberdeen, Scotland.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 17th/18th July, 1944 Flying Officer Cruikshank, on an anti-submarine patrol in northern waters was attacking a U-boat in a hail of a flak shells when one burst inside the aircraft, causing a great deal of damage. One member of the crew was killed and two wounded, and although he too had been hit * Flying Officer Cruikshank went in again, releasing his depth charges, which straddled a U-boat perfectly, and it sank. On the hazardous five and a half hour return journey the Flying Officer several times lost consciousness, but insisted on helping to land the Catalina.
* He had received 72 wounds.
Additional information:. Flight Lieutenant Cruikshank later became ADC to the Lord High Commissioner of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland for the period 1946-48.


CRUICKSHANK, Robert Edward. (reg No. 281).
Private. 2nd/14th Battalion *, London Regiment. (London Scottish).
London Gazetted on 21st June, 1918.
Born on 17th June 1888 at Winnipeg, Canada.
Died on 1st September, 1961 at Blaby, Leicestershire.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 1st May 1918 east of Jordan, Palestine, Private Cruikshank volunteered to take a message to companyheadquarters from his platoon which was in the bottom of a Wadi, with its officer and most of the men casualties. He rushed up the slopes but was hit, tried again and was again wounded. After his wounds had been dressed, he tried yet again, but was so badly wounded that he could make no further attempt. He lay all day in a dangerous position, being sniped at and wounded where he lay, but displayed great endurance and was cheerful and uncomplaining throughout.
Additional information:. Eventually attained the rank of Major.

CRUTCHLEY, Victor Alexander Charles. (reg No. 282).
Lieutenant. Royal Navy.
London Gazetted on 28th August, 1918.
Born on 2nd November, 1893 at London.
Died on 24th January, 1986 at Mappercombe, Nettleton, Bridport, Dorset.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 9th/10th May 1918 at Ostend, Belgium, Lieutenant Crutchley took command of HMS Vindictive when the commanding officer had been killed and the second in command seriously wounded. He displayed great gallantry and seamanship both in Vindictive and ML254 which rescued the crew after the former vessel had been sunk between the Piers of Ostend harbour. He also took command of ML254 when the commanding officer of that vessel had collapsed from his wounds *. ML254 was full of wounded and in a sinking condition, but Lieutenant Crutchley kept her afloat until HMS Warwick came to the rescue.
* See R R L BOURKE (Reg. No.111) and G.H. DRUMMOND (Reg No.352).
Additional information:. Admiral Sir Victor Crutchley was created a Knight Commander of the British Empire (KCB) and also held the Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) the Croix de Guerre (France), the Polonia Restituta (Poland) and Commander, the Legion of Merit (USA).
1942-1944 he commanded the Australian Naval Squadron. From 1945-47 he was Flag Officer, Gibraltar. In 1957 he was the Deputy Lieutenant and High Sheriff of Dorset.

CUBITT, William George. (reg No. 283).
Lieutenant. 13th Bengal Native Infantry.
London Gazetted 18th June, 1859.
Born on 19th October, 1835 at Calcutta, India.
Died on 23rd January, 1903 at Camberley, Surrey.
Memorial on grave in St Peter's Churchyard, Frimley, Surrey.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 30th June 1857 during the retreat from Chinhut, India, Lieutenant Cubitt saved the lives of three men of the 32nd Regiment at the risk of his own.
Additional information:. Colonel Cubitt was the uncle of Lieutenant Colonel L.P. Evans, VC and the brother-in-law of Second Lieutenant J.Hills, VC.

CUMMING, Arthur Edward. (reg No.284).
Lieutenant-Colonel (later Brigadier), Commanding the 2nd/12th Battalion Frontier Force Regiment, Indian Army.
Gazetted: 20th February 1942.
Born on 18th June 1896 at Karachi, India.
Died on 10th April 1971 at Edinburgh.
Memorial at Sanctum Crypt, St Luke's Church, Chelsea, London.
Digest of Citation reads:
One 3rd January, 1942 near Kuantan, Malaya, the Japanese and made a furious attack on the battalion and a strong enemy force penetrated the position. Lieutenant Colonel Cumming, with a small party of men immediately led a counter-attack and although all his men became casualties and he himself had two bayonet wounds in the stomach he managed to restore the situation sufficiently for the major portion of his battalion and its vehicles to be withdrawn. Later he drove in a carrier under very heavy fire, collecting isolated detachments of his men and was again wounded. His gallant actions helped the brigade had to withdraw safely.
Additional information:. Brigadier Cumming held the Order of the British Empire (O B E) and the Military Medal (M M).
From 1944-47 he commanded the Sub- area of Dehra Dun. He became Superintendent of Police in Cyprus from 1956-59.

CUNINGHAME, William James Montgomery. (reg No. 285).
Lieutenant (later Colonel) 1st Battalion The Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own).
Gazetted: 24th February 1857.
Born on 20th May 1834 at Ayr, Scotland.
Died on 11th November 1897 at Gunton, Suffolk.
Memorials at Kirkmichael Churchyard, Ayr, Scotland and on the Rifle Brigade Memorial, Winchester Cathedral.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 20th November, 1854 in the Crimea, Lieutenant Cuninghame, with another Lieutenant * was with a party detailed to drive the Russians from some rifle pits. Advancing on the pits after dark they launched a surprise attack and drove the Russian Riflemen from their cover, but in the fierce fighting which ensued the officer in command of the party was killed. The two lieutenants, however, maintained their advantage, withstood all attacks from the enemy during the night and held position until relieved next day.
* See also C.T. Bourchier (reg No. 110).
He was a Member if Parliament for the period 1874-80 representing Ayr, Scotland.



CUNNINGHAM John (Reg. No.286)
Private 12th (S) Battalion The East Yorkshire Regiment.
London Gazetted on 13th January 1917.
Born on: 28th June 1897 at Scunthorpe, Lincolnshire.
Died on: 21st February 1941 at Hull, Yorkshire.
No Memorial recorded yet.
Digest of Citation reads: For most conspicuous bravery and resource during operations, On 13th November 1916 opposite Hebuterne Section, France, after the enemy's front line had been captured, Private Cunningham went with a bombing section up a communication trench where much opposition was met and all the rest of the section were either killed or wounded. Collecting all the bombs from the casualties Private Cunningham went on alone and when he had used up all the bombs he had he returned for a fresh supply and again went up the communication trench where he met a party of 10 Germans. He killed all 10 and cleared the trench up to the new line. His conduct throughout the day was magnificent.
Additional information: Private, No.12/21 Cunningham was married to Ena and lived in Hull. On behalf of Hull City, Private Cunningham was presented with an illuminated address by the Lord Mayor. It was reported in the Victoria Cross 1856-1920 that he was the first Hull man to ever win the Victoria Cross. This is incorrect, one being won by Bosun John Sheppard on the 15th July 1855 in the Crimea, and the second by Sergeant William Traynor on 6th February 1901 in the Boer War.


CUNNINGHAM, John. (reg No. 287).
Corporal. 2nd Battalion, Prince of Wales Leinster Regiment.
London Gazetted on 8th June, 1917.
Born on 22nd October, 1890 at Thurles, Tipperary, Ireland.
Died of his wounds on 16th April, 1917 at Barlin, France.
Memorial on grave at Barlin Communal Cemetery, France and in St Mary's Church, Thurles, Tipperary, Ireland.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 12th April, 1917 at Bois-en-Hache, near Barlin, France, Corporal Cunningham was in command of a Lewis gun section which came under a very heavy enfilade fire. Although wounded, he succeeded, almost alone, in reaching the objective with his gun which he got into action in spite of much opposition. When counter-attacked by a party of 20 Germans, he exhausted his ammunition against them and then started throwing bombs. He was wounded again and fell, but picked himself up and continued to fight single-handed with the enemy until his bombs were finished. He later died from the effects of his wounds.

See CUNYNGHAM, William Henry. DICK-(Reg. No 288). following Reg. No.327

CURREY, William Matthew. (reg No. 289). . 53rd Battalion (New South Wales) Australian Imperial Force.
London Gazetted on: 14th December, 1918
VC Medal's Custodian is the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia..
Born on 19th September 1895 at Wallsend, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia.
Died on 30th April 1948 at New South Wales, Australia.
Memorials at Woronoro Crematorium, Sydney and the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 1st September, 1918 in the attack on Peronne, France, Private Currey rushed forward under heavy machine-gun fire and captured single handed a 77mm field gun which had been holding up the advance, killing all the crew. Later, when the advance was checked by an enemy strong point he crept round the flank and engaged the post with a Lewis gun, then rushed it, causing many casualties. Subsequently he volunteered to carry orders for withdrawal to an isolated company, doing so under heavy fire and bringing back valuable information.

CURRIE, David Vivien. (reg No. 290).
Major (later Lieutenant-Colonel) 29th Canadian Armoured Reconnaissance Regiment. Canadian Armoured Corps. (the South Alberta Regiment)
Gazetted: 27th November, 1944.
Born on 8th July 1912 at Sutherland, Saskatchewan, Canada.
Died on 24th June 1986 at Ottawa, Canada.
Memorial at Greenwood cemetery, Owen Sound , Ontario.
Digest of Citation reads:
During the period 18th/20th August, 1944 at the Battle of Falaise, Normandy, Major Currie was in command of a small mixed force of tanks, self-propelled anti-tank guns and infantry which had been ordered to cut one of the main escape routes. Having attacked the village of St. Lambert-sur-Dives and consolidated a position halfway inside it, for 36 hours he repulsed repeated enemy attacks. Despite heavy casualties Major Currie never considered the possibility of failure and in the final assault seven enemy tanks 12, 88 mm guns and 40 vehicles were destroyed, 300 Germans were killed, 500 wounded and 1,100 captured.. The remnants of two German armies were thus denied this escape route
Additional information: He was the vice chairman of the VC and GC Association from 1968-86 (Overseas) he also served as Sergeant at Arms of the House of Commons in Ottawa until 1979.


CURTIS, Albert Edward. (reg No. 291).
Private. 2nd Battalion, East Surrey Regiment.
London Gazetted on 15th January 1901.
Born on 6th January, 1866 at Guildford, Surrey.
Died on 28th March, 1940 at Barnet, Hertfordshire.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 23rd February, 1900 at Onderbank Spruit, South Africa, a Colonel lay all day in an open space under close fire from the enemy who fired on any man that moved. The colonel was wounded eight or nine times. Private CURTIS after several attempts, managed to reach him, bound his wounds and gave him his own flask, all under heavy fire. He then, with the assistance of another man, tried to move the wounded officer who, fearing the both men would be killed, told them to leave him. This they refused to do, and eventually managed to carried him to safety.


CURTIS Henry. (Reg. No. 292)
Boatswain's Mate, Royal Navy. (Naval Brigade).
London Gazetted on 24 February 1857.
Born on 21st December 1822 at Romsey, Hampshire..
Died on 23rd November 1896 at Portsmouth, Hampshire..
Memorial on gravestone at Kingston Road Cemetery, Portsmouth.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 18 June 1855, in the Crimea, immediately after the assault on Sebastopol a soldier of the 57th Regiment, who had been wounded in both legs, was observed sitting up and calling for help. At once the second-in-command of the scaling party, another seaman and Boatswain's Mate Curtis left the shelter of their battery works and ran forward a distance of 70 yards, across open ground, through heavy gunfire and succeeded in carrying the wounded man to safety.
(See Raby 1014 and Taylor 1204)
Henry CURTIS was awarded the Victoria Cross along with Lieutenant Henry James RABY later to be a Rear-Admiral, and Captain of the Forecastle John TAYLOR all of the Royal Navy (Naval Brigade}. They, without thought for their own safety, had run, under heavy gunfire, across 70 yards of open ground to rescue a soldier who had been shot in both legs.
All three were decorated by Her Majesty Queen Victoria at the first Presentation of that Medal at a ceremony held on Hyde Park on the 28th June 1857. Lieutenant Raby being the first man ever to be decorated with the VC, although he was not the first to win it. That honour went to Mate Charles Davis LUCAS of the Royal Navy whose act of bravery took place on the 21st of June 1854. (Before the medal had been inaugurated) .
Henry Curtis Died on at Buckland, Portsmouth on the 23rd November 1896, one month before his 74th Birthday. He was buried in Kingston Road Cemetery in the same grave as his wife. Unfortunately his grave has been re-used for another lady, a Mrs Popodopolous. The latter's family have agreed to have her name on the new stone that has been erected in his honour, along with Henry and Mrs Curtis.

CURTIS, Horace Augustus. (reg No. 293).
Sergeant. 2nd Battalion, Royal Dublin Fusiliers.
London Gazetted on 6th January, 1919.
Born on 7th March, 1891 at St Antony-in-Roseland, Cornwall.
Died 11th July 1968 at at Redruth, Cornwall.
Memorial not known.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 18th October 1918 East of Le Cateau, France when his platoon was attacking and came unexpectedly under intense machine-gun fire, Sergeant Curtis realised that the guns must be silenced and went forward through our own barrage and the enemy fire. He killed and wounded the teams of two of the guns, whereupon the remaining four guns surrendered. He then turned his attention to a train loaded with reinforcements and succeeded in capturing 100 of the enemy before his comrades joined him.


CURTIS, Philip Kenneth Edward (Reg. No.294)
Lieutenant Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry attached to 1st Battalion The Gloucestershire Regiment.
London Gazetted on 1st December 1953.
Born on: 7th July 1926 at Devonport, Devon.
Died on: 23rd April (St George's Day) 1951 at the Imjin River, Korea. (Killed in Action)
Memorial at: United Nations Memorial Cemetery, Pusan, Korea and The Gloucestershire Regt. Memorial in Korea.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 22/23 April 1951 near the Imjin River, Korea, during a heavy enemy attack, No. 1 platoon under the command of Lieutenant Curtis, was ordered to carry out a counter-attack which was initially successful, but was eventually held up by heavy fire and grenandes. The lieutenant then ordered some of his men to give covering fire while he himself rushed the main position of resistance. In this charge he was severely wounded but he insisted on making a second attempt. While making another desperate charge he was killed within a few yards of his objective.


CUTLER, Arthur Roden. (reg No. 295).
Lieutenant. 2nd/5th Field Artillery, Australian Military Forces.
London Gazetted on 28th November, 1941.
Born on 24th May 1916 at Manly, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Name inscribed on Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia.
Digest of Citation reads:
During 19th June/6th July, 1941 in the Merdjayoun-Damour area, Syria, Lieutenant Cutler's exploits included repairing a telephone line under heavy fire, repulsing enemy tank attacks, setting up an outpost to bring under fire a road used by the enemy and, with a 25-pound field gun, demolishing a post threatening our advance. Later at Damour, he was seriously wounded and when rescued 26 hours later his leg had to be amputated.
Additional information:. Among Sir Roden Cutler's other decorations are the AK (still under investigation), the Knight Commander of St Michael and St George (KCMG), a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO) and a Commander of the Order of British Empire (CBE).
He served in various posts for the Australian government ie., High Commissioner for Australia to New Zealand from 1946-52 and then High Commissioner to Ceylon from 1952-55. He was Minister to Egypt 1955-56.
From 1957-58 he was Chief of Protocol at the Department of External Affairs at Canberra then High Commissioner to Pakistan 1959-61 and Representative at the Independence of Somali Republic in 1960. Sir Roden was Consul-General in New York 1961-65 followed by the post of Ambassador to the Netherlands also in 1965. From 1962-4 he was the Delegate to United Nations General Assembly and his Country's Representative on the Fifth Committee. He was Governor of New South Wales 1966-81.
He was Vice-Chairman of the VC and GC (Overseas) Association from 1986-91 and from then on its Deputy President. He is also a Knight of the Order of St. John.